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Intrinsic good and instrumental good
 

Intrinsic good and instrumental good

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    Intrinsic good and instrumental good Intrinsic good and instrumental good Presentation Transcript

    • Intrinsic Good, Instrumental Good, and the Values of C. Montgomery Burns
    • It’s Excellent, but is it Good?
      • Good – something or someone with value
      • Even a reprehensible act can represent a “good” for someone involved
      • Mr. Burns routinely values “bad” things, but he considers them “good”.
    • Definitions
      • What is Instrumental Good?
      • What is Intrinsic Good?
    • Instrumental Good
      • A good is instrumental if it only has value as a means to another good.
    • Intrinsic Good
      • A thing is said to be intrinsically good if it is good by itself.
      • An intrinsic good is not required to lead to anything else, create a certain result, or produce a reward.
      • Some things that may be considered intrinsic goods are happiness, truth, and life.
    • Do you think these things are intrinsically good, instrumentally good, both, or neither?
      • Friendship
      • Health
      • Beauty
      • Romantic Love
      • Wisdom
    • Combinations
      • Can something be intrinsically bad, but instrumentally good?
    • Combinations
      • Can something be intrinsically bad, but instrumentally good?
      • Definitely! Here are some examples:
        • Cheating to win a contest
        • Killing in self-defense
        • Lying about your qualifications to get a job
    • Complications
      • Instrumental goods only have value because they eventually lead to an intrinsic good.
      • Without the final good in the chain, no series of instrumental goods will ever be satisfactory.
    • More Combinations
      • Can you have something that is both intrinsically good, but instrumentally bad?
    • More Combinations
      • Can you have something that is both intrinsically good, but instrumentally bad?
      • Certainly! Here are some examples:
        • Using heroin or other drugs
        • Gluttony and sloth
    • More Combinations
      • Can you have something that is both intrinsically good, but instrumentally bad?
      • Certainly! Here are some examples:
        • Using heroin or other drugs
        • Gluttony and sloth
      • But are these examples truly intrinsically good? Can they be intrinsically good if they have some other result?
    • The End of the Combinations
      • We can all think of things which are both intrinsically bad and instrumentally bad, but are there things which are intrinsically good and instrumentally good?
    • The End of the Combinations
      • We can all think of things which are both intrinsically bad and instrumentally bad, but are there things which are intrinsically good and instrumentally good?
      • I’m actually asking you this time. Are there any ideas? Is it even possible for something to be good in and of itself, and to also have a reward or desired result attached?
    • Can Mr. Burns be truly happy?
      • Here are some quotes that suggest he cannot:
        • “ One dollar for eternal happiness? … I'd be happier with the dollar.”
        • Homer: “You know Mr. Burns, you're the richest guy I know - way richer than Lenny.” Mr. Burns: “Yes, but I'd trade it all for a little more.”
        • “ What good is money if it can't inspire terror in your fellow man?”
    • Can Mr. Burns be truly happy?
      • More quotes:
        • “ Smithers had thwarted my earlier attempt to take candy from a baby, but with him out of the picture, I was free to wallow in my own crapulence.”
        • Mr. Burns: “Well, son, delighted to have met you. It's good to know that... there's another kidney out there for me.”
        • Larry: “You got it, Pop. Just let me run a few pints through it first.”
        • “ We’re slightly richer!”
    • Can Mr. Burns be truly happy?
      • What do you think? Will Mr. Burns find true (intrinsic) happiness, or will he only find instrumental goods?
    • Sources
      • Intrinsic and Instrumental Good
      • Reasoning about Values
      • Intrinsic Value
      • The Simpsons and Philosophy – The D’oh! of Homer
      • Quotes from snpp.com
      • Sounds from Serious Burns , Kaedrin , A Burns for All Seasons