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Intrinsic Good, Instrumental Good, and the Values of  C. Montgomery Burns
It’s Excellent, but is it Good? <ul><li>Good – something or someone with value </li></ul><ul><li>Even a reprehensible act ...
Definitions <ul><li>What is Instrumental Good? </li></ul><ul><li>What is Intrinsic Good? </li></ul>
Instrumental Good <ul><li>A good is instrumental if it only has value as a means to another good. </li></ul>
Intrinsic Good <ul><li>A thing is said to be intrinsically good if it is good by itself. </li></ul><ul><li>An intrinsic go...
Do you think these things are intrinsically good, instrumentally good, both, or neither? <ul><li>Friendship </li></ul><ul>...
Combinations <ul><li>Can something be intrinsically bad, but instrumentally good? </li></ul>
Combinations <ul><li>Can something be intrinsically bad, but instrumentally good? </li></ul><ul><li>Definitely! Here are s...
Complications <ul><li>Instrumental goods only have value because they eventually lead to an intrinsic good. </li></ul><ul>...
More Combinations <ul><li>Can you have something that is both intrinsically good, but instrumentally bad? </li></ul>
More Combinations <ul><li>Can you have something that is both intrinsically good, but instrumentally bad? </li></ul><ul><l...
More Combinations <ul><li>Can you have something that is both intrinsically good, but instrumentally bad? </li></ul><ul><l...
The End of the Combinations <ul><li>We can all think of things which are both intrinsically bad  and  instrumentally bad, ...
The End of the Combinations <ul><li>We can all think of things which are both intrinsically bad  and  instrumentally bad, ...
Can Mr. Burns be truly happy? <ul><li>Here are some quotes that suggest he cannot: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ One dollar for ...
Can Mr. Burns be truly happy? <ul><li>More quotes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Smithers had thwarted my earlier attempt to tak...
Can Mr. Burns be truly happy? <ul><li>What do you think? Will Mr. Burns find true (intrinsic) happiness, or will he only f...
Sources <ul><li>Intrinsic and Instrumental Good </li></ul><ul><li>Reasoning about Values </li></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic Value...
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Intrinsic good and instrumental good

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Transcript of "Intrinsic good and instrumental good"

  1. 1. Intrinsic Good, Instrumental Good, and the Values of C. Montgomery Burns
  2. 2. It’s Excellent, but is it Good? <ul><li>Good – something or someone with value </li></ul><ul><li>Even a reprehensible act can represent a “good” for someone involved </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Burns routinely values “bad” things, but he considers them “good”. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definitions <ul><li>What is Instrumental Good? </li></ul><ul><li>What is Intrinsic Good? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Instrumental Good <ul><li>A good is instrumental if it only has value as a means to another good. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Intrinsic Good <ul><li>A thing is said to be intrinsically good if it is good by itself. </li></ul><ul><li>An intrinsic good is not required to lead to anything else, create a certain result, or produce a reward. </li></ul><ul><li>Some things that may be considered intrinsic goods are happiness, truth, and life. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Do you think these things are intrinsically good, instrumentally good, both, or neither? <ul><li>Friendship </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Beauty </li></ul><ul><li>Romantic Love </li></ul><ul><li>Wisdom </li></ul>
  7. 7. Combinations <ul><li>Can something be intrinsically bad, but instrumentally good? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Combinations <ul><li>Can something be intrinsically bad, but instrumentally good? </li></ul><ul><li>Definitely! Here are some examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheating to win a contest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Killing in self-defense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lying about your qualifications to get a job </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Complications <ul><li>Instrumental goods only have value because they eventually lead to an intrinsic good. </li></ul><ul><li>Without the final good in the chain, no series of instrumental goods will ever be satisfactory. </li></ul>
  10. 10. More Combinations <ul><li>Can you have something that is both intrinsically good, but instrumentally bad? </li></ul>
  11. 11. More Combinations <ul><li>Can you have something that is both intrinsically good, but instrumentally bad? </li></ul><ul><li>Certainly! Here are some examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using heroin or other drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gluttony and sloth </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. More Combinations <ul><li>Can you have something that is both intrinsically good, but instrumentally bad? </li></ul><ul><li>Certainly! Here are some examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using heroin or other drugs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gluttony and sloth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But are these examples truly intrinsically good? Can they be intrinsically good if they have some other result? </li></ul>
  13. 13. The End of the Combinations <ul><li>We can all think of things which are both intrinsically bad and instrumentally bad, but are there things which are intrinsically good and instrumentally good? </li></ul>
  14. 14. The End of the Combinations <ul><li>We can all think of things which are both intrinsically bad and instrumentally bad, but are there things which are intrinsically good and instrumentally good? </li></ul><ul><li>I’m actually asking you this time. Are there any ideas? Is it even possible for something to be good in and of itself, and to also have a reward or desired result attached? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Can Mr. Burns be truly happy? <ul><li>Here are some quotes that suggest he cannot: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ One dollar for eternal happiness? … I'd be happier with the dollar.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homer: “You know Mr. Burns, you're the richest guy I know - way richer than Lenny.” Mr. Burns: “Yes, but I'd trade it all for a little more.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ What good is money if it can't inspire terror in your fellow man?” </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Can Mr. Burns be truly happy? <ul><li>More quotes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Smithers had thwarted my earlier attempt to take candy from a baby, but with him out of the picture, I was free to wallow in my own crapulence.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mr. Burns: “Well, son, delighted to have met you. It's good to know that... there's another kidney out there for me.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Larry: “You got it, Pop. Just let me run a few pints through it first.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We’re slightly richer!” </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Can Mr. Burns be truly happy? <ul><li>What do you think? Will Mr. Burns find true (intrinsic) happiness, or will he only find instrumental goods? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sources <ul><li>Intrinsic and Instrumental Good </li></ul><ul><li>Reasoning about Values </li></ul><ul><li>Intrinsic Value </li></ul><ul><li>The Simpsons and Philosophy – The D’oh! of Homer </li></ul><ul><li>Quotes from snpp.com </li></ul><ul><li>Sounds from Serious Burns , Kaedrin , A Burns for All Seasons </li></ul>
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