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  1. 1. Various notions of Conscience<br />Feeling of guilt, worry, dissatisfaction, restlessness or a feeling of “hiya” when they do something wrong.<br />Sincerity: to be “true to one’s self”: “I can do anything as long as it does not hurt anybody”<br />What “authorities” tell them to do: the laws of the government, the Church, the parents, the “barkada.”<br />
  3. 3. As a subjective norm of morality,<br />Conscience has the final say in making moral decisions. It helps a person make the final judgement on how to act in a given situation.<br />Along with LAW, which is the objective norm of morality, conscience helps a person determine whether one is doing the right or the wrong.<br />
  4. 4. CONSCIENCE<br />It is the inner voice summoning us to love the good and avoid evil, by applying objective moral norms to our particular acts, and thus commanding: “do this, do not do that”. (CFC 723)<br />Basic tendency toward the good (CFC 701)<br />Conscience is man’s most secret core, and his sanctuary. There he is alone w/ God whose voice echoes in his depths (GS 16)<br />
  5. 5. Conscience is a JUDGEMENT OF REASON <br />by which the human person recognizes <br />the moral quality of a concrete act (CCC 1796)<br />THROUGH THE PROCESS OF REASONING, <br />BASED ON MORAL PRINCIPLES, <br />CONSCIENCE JUDGES AN ACT AS GOOD OR BAD.<br />
  6. 6. Two basic elements of Conscience<br />Moral judgment that discerns what is right and wrong.<br />Moral obligation or command to do good and avoid evil<br />
  7. 7. MOMENTS<br />ANTECEDENT - Conscience which discerns. (Before the act)<br />CONCOMITANT- Conscience in action. <br /> “Am I doing the right thing?” (During the act)<br />CONSEQUENT - Conscience which reviews, evaluates an action which has already been done. (After the act)<br />
  8. 8. LEVELS OF CONSCIENCE<br />INSTINCTIVE LEVEL – Dominated by fear of punishment & desire for approval or reward.<br />Natural level, normal for children.<br />
  9. 9. 2. MORAL / PHILOSOPHICAL - Operates on the ethical level, that is, not just on what is commanded by some “authority” but now from awareness of the inner good or evil of an act.<br />
  10. 10. 3. CHRISTIAN LEVEL – One’s Christian Faith illumines, clarifies & deepens what we perceive as truly worthy of being a person. It places moral striving as a personal call to wholeness & holiness.<br /> We become conscious of the healing & liberating grace present in our very moral struggle & striving, as we are called to greater & fuller conversion into the persons that God has created us to become.<br />
  11. 11. CONSCIENCE<br />SINCERITY<br />CORRECTNESS<br />It is not enough to be sincere. <br />It is important to be correct.<br />
  12. 12. Ways by which our Conscienceis formed<br />Through the natural education agents of family upbringing<br />Our school training<br />Parish catechist<br />Influence of friends and social contacts<br />
  13. 13. FORMATION OF CHRISTIAN CONSCIENCE?<br />A well-formed conscience is upright and truthful.<br />The education of Conscience is a lifelong task<br />Formed gradually in faith and through personal & ecclesial PRAYER LIFE:<br /><ul><li>Studying the WORD of GOD & the Teachings of the Church (Seek the moral guidance of the Church)
  14. 14. Responsiveness to the indwelling Holy Spirit.
  15. 15. Examination of one’s conscience which is a critical reflection on our concrete moral choices & experiences in daily life.</li></li></ul><li>Types of Conscience<br />Correct or true Conscience – corresponds to objective moral values and precept<br />A good and pure conscience is enlightened by true faith, for charity proceeds at the same time “from a pure heart and a good conscience and sincere faith” (CCC 1794)<br />False or erroneous conscience – one which mistakenly judges something as morally good which is objectively evil<br /> CFC 727<br />
  16. 16. Work of Conscience<br />To judge the good or evil of an act, by deciding on its three essential aspects:<br />the nature or object of the act<br />our intention as agents or doers of the act, and <br />the circumstances which affect the morality of the act<br />CFC 728<br />
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  18. 18. Formation of Conscience<br />INFORMED<br />ENLIGHTENED<br />FORMED<br />
  19. 19. The Catholic Church as Moral Guide & Teacher:<br />Bearer of Moral Tradition<br />A community of Moral discernment<br />Shaper of Moral Identity.<br />