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NRDC - China's Progress on Domestic and International Transparency of Climate Actions

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  • 1. A Lens on China’s Climate Actions: Progress on Domestic and International Transparency Michael Davidson China Climate Fellow, Natural Resources Defense Council November 5, 2010 China Environment Forum
  • 2. Outline
    • Integrating Domestic and Int’l MRV
    • China’s Climate Commitments
    • Target Responsibility System
    • 12 th Five-Year Plan
    • International Transparency
  • 3. Integrating Domestic & Int’l MRV Preparation of National GHG Inventory Implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions National Communication Domestic Activities
      • UNFCCC Processes
    Implementation of Domestic MRV Procedures International Consultation and Analysis Source: Clare Breidenich
  • 4. Integrating Domestic & Int’l MRV Preparation of National GHG Inventory Implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions National Communication Domestic Activities
      • UNFCCC Processes
    Implementation of Domestic MRV Procedures International Consultation and Analysis
  • 5. Plans and Programs Source: Teng Fei
  • 6. China’s Climate Commitments
    • Energy Intensity
    • Target: 20% reduction from 2005 levels by 2010
    • Status: 15.6% by end of 2009
    • Top-1000 Enterprises program:
    • Reduce energy demand by 100 million tce by 2010
    • Carbon Intensity
    • Target: 40-45% reduction from 2005 levels by 2020
    • Inscribed in Copenhagen Accord
    • 12 th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015)
    • Energy Intensity Target: 15-20% reduction likely
    • Carbon Intensity Target
    • New strategic industries: half in EE/RE
    • Strengthen target responsibility system
  • 7. International Pledges
    • In the Copenhagen Accord, China agreed to major actions on climate:
      • Reduce carbon intensity by 40-45% from 2005 levels by 2020
      • Increase non-fossil energy usage to around 15% of primary energy consumption by 2020
      • Increase forest coverage by 40 million hectares from 2005 levels by 2020
      • See: nrdc.org/international/copenhagenaccords/
      • See: china.nrdc.org/library/NRDCTianjin-side-event-reports
  • 8. Integrating Domestic & Int’l MRV (2) Preparation of National GHG Inventory Implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions National Communication Domestic Activities
      • UNFCCC Processes
    Implementation of Domestic MRV Procedures International Consultation and Analysis
  • 9. Target Responsibility System
    • 11 th Five-Year Plan Binding Targets ( 约束性指标 )
    • Emissions Reductions (10% of SO 2 , COD)
    • Energy Intensity Reduction (~20%)
    • “ Iron Hand” – May 2010: Wen Jiabao
    • Overzealous localities: blackouts, curtailing production
    • Local DRCs: reward/punishment rules
    • 12 th FYP draft proposal
  • 10. Target Responsibility System (2)
    • Priority Targets with Veto:
    Source: “Implementation Plan of Evaluation System of Energy Consumption per Unit GDP,” November 17, 2007 Examination Index Examination Content Scores Energy-saving Targets (40 scores) Reduction rate of energy consumption per 10,000 yuan GDP 40 Energy-saving Measures (60 scores) Energy-saving organizational arrangements and leadership 2 Allocation and implementation of energy-saving targets 3 Adjustment and optimization of industrial structure 20 Energy-saving investment and implementation of key projects 10 Development and promotion of energy-saving technology 9 Energy-saving management of key enterprises and sectors 8 Implementation and improvement of relevant laws and rules 3 Implementation of basic energy-saving work 5 Total Score 100
  • 11. Target Responsibility System (3)
    • Scoring:
    Source: “Implementation Plan of Evaluation System of Energy Consumption per Unit GDP,” November 17, 2007 Score Results 95+ "Exceeded" ( 超额完成 ) 80-94 "Completed" ( 完成 ) 60-79 "Basically Completed" ( 基本完成 ) 0-59 "Not Completed"   ( 未完成 )
  • 12. “ Critical” Provinces
    • Energy-saving targets as of
    • July 2010:
    • Liaoning 
    • Jiangsu 
    • Henan 
    • Guangxi 
    • Guizhou 
    • Sha’anxi 
    • Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang 
    Source: www.sdpc.gov.cn/tztg/t20100910_370628.htm
  • 13. Verification Systems
    • Emissions Reductions
    • Semi-annual
    • MEP regional supervision centers - lead
    • Mobilization meetings, oral reporting, document review, onsite inspection
    • Also: selected daily supervision
    • Energy Savings
    • Energy Intensity Reductions: NBS-internal verification
    • Energy-Saving Measures : NDRC-led inspection (MHURD, MOT, SASAC, AQSIQ, SAWS, NBS…)
    MHURD: Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development MOT: Ministry of Transportation SASAC: State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission AQSIQ: General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine SAWS: State Administration of Work Safety NBS: National Bureau of Statistics
  • 14. International Transparency
    • China is acting because…
    • China is meeting ambitious domestic commitments and deserves credit
    • Increased information exchange strengthens the international system and builds confidence
    • China’s experiences with low-carbon development provide useful models for other developing countries
  • 15. 12 th Five-Year Plan Proposal
    • Energy and carbon intensity: binding targets
    • Emphasis on:
      • Energy efficiency measures
      • Energy-intensive industries
      • Market mechanisms
      • Strategic industries (3 0f 7 directly energy-related)
    • Strengthen data reporting and target responsibility system
    • Expected energy intensity target: 15-20%
  • 16. Conclusions
    • China is…
    • making significant commitments domestically to combat climate change
    • implementing a domestic MRV system to track progress
    • willing to negotiate transparency on the int’l stage
    • A solution to the transparency/MRV/ICA/NatComms Gordian knot is within reach
  • 17. Thank you!
    • Contact:
      • Michael Davidson ( [email_address] )
      • Barbara Finamore, China Program Director ( [email_address] )
      • Jake Schmidt, International Climate Policy Director ( [email_address] )
    • Read our China blogs :
    • switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/issues/greening_china/
    • See our new reports on China: china.nrdc.org/library/NRDCTianjin-side-event-reports
    • China-U.S. Energy Efficiency Alliance:
    • www.chinauseealliance.org
  • 18. Additional Slides
  • 19. China’s Efforts to Reduce Energy Use
    • 11 th Five-Year Plan
      • Reduce energy intensity by 20% between 2006 and 2010 (save 700 million tons of coal equivalent)
    • Top-1000 program to save 100 million tce by 2010 (263 mt CO2 reduction)
    • Government financial support: 7 billion RMB in 2007 (central/provincial)
    • Officials' political career prospects dependent in part on their energy-saving performance
  • 20. China’s Efforts to Reduce Energy Use (2)
    • Distribute 150 million energy efficient light bulbs between 2008 and 2010
    • Shut down 71 GW of small inefficient coal power plants between 2006 and mid-2010
    • Implement efficiency dispatch rules – dispatch power plants based on coal consumption level
    • Adopt energy labeling for refrigerator, air condition, washing machine, water heater, induction cooker, fluorescent lamp, motor, copier, computer monitor, etc.