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Machinery for Animal Welfare & Veterinary Care
 

Machinery for Animal Welfare & Veterinary Care

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Possibility of Interaction of Agricultural Engineers in Livestock Production such as non invasive heat detection, hydroponics.

Possibility of Interaction of Agricultural Engineers in Livestock Production such as non invasive heat detection, hydroponics.

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    Machinery for Animal Welfare & Veterinary Care Machinery for Animal Welfare & Veterinary Care Presentation Transcript

    • MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT DEVELOPED AT I.V.R.I. IZATNAGAR FOR LIVESTOCK CARE & POSSIBLE ENGINEERING INTERVENTION IN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION By H.C.Joshi Principal Scientist Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243122
    • Equipment of Discussion
      • Lifting System For Injured Animals
      • Dung Cleaning Machinery
      • Level Controller For Water Troughs
      • Animal Transport Equipment
      • Electric Grass Mower
    • LIFTING SYSTEM FOR INJURED LARGE ANIMALS
      • WHAT’ THE NEED OF SUCH A DEVICE ?
      • LARGE BODY WEIGHT OF THE ANIMALS
      • WHENEVER AN INJURED ANIMAL TRIES TO GET UP, SUDDEN TRANSFER OF LARGE BODY WEIGHT TO INJURED PART OCCURES, WHICH AGGRAVATES THE INJURY
      • ANIMAL BECOMES RECUMBENT
    • PROLONGED RECUMBENCY OF ANIMALS IS LARGELY ATTRIBUTED TO : LONG BONE INJURY LIGAMENTAL INJURY JOINT AFFECTION NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS RECUMBENCY ULTIMATELY LEADS TO PAINFUL DEATH OF THE ANIMAL
    • ASSISTANCE TO THESE ANIMALS IN GETTING UP AND PROVIDING SUPPORT IS MOST IMPORTANT AS: STANDING CONSTITUTES THE ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF THE TREATMENT AND THEIR REHABILITATION PROGRAMME
      • THE LIFTING SYSTEM CONSISTS OF FOLLOWING BASIC COMPONENTS :-
      • SELF ALIGNINIG CLAMPING DEVICE
      • TUBULAR SUPER STRUCTURE
      • STANDARD PULLING AND LIFTING DEVICE
    • CLAMPING DEVICE A SELF ALIGNING CLAMPING DEVICE CLAMPS THE ANIMAL AT ITS PIN BONE .
    • TUBULAR SUPER STRUCTURE A TUBULAR SUPERSTRUCTURE TO HOLD THE ANIMAL THROUGH AN OVER HEAD PULLEY.THE REMOVABLE CROSS-MEMBERS PROVIDED IN THIS STRUCTURE SUPPORTS THE PNEUMATIC CUSHIONS OVER WHICH ANIMAL CAN REST
    • A STANDARD PULLING AND LIFTING DEVICE
    • Lifting Process Of Animal
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    • EXAMINATION OF LIFTED ANIMAL CLOSE UP VIEW OF LIFTED ANIMAL
    • ANIMAL RECOVERING ON THE DEVICE
    • BULLOCK OPERATED DUNG SCRAPER CUM CLEANER
      • Various Methods of Dung Cleaning can be listed as:
      • Manually by a shovel (200m2/hr)
      • Trailing Type Bullock operated dung cleaner ( 700-800m2/hr)
      • Bullock operated Dung Cleaner
    • Trailing Type Bullock operated dung cleaner 700-800m 2 /hr
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    • 3700 m 2 /hr under dry conditions 3000 m 2 /hr under wet conditions
    • LOW COST FLOAT-COCK SUITABLE FOR ANIMAL WATER TROUGHS
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    • TRACTOR OPERATED ANIMAL CARRIER .
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    • Electric Lawn Mower Machine Operated by 1 hp electric motor
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    • Thank you
    • Possible Engineering Intervention in Livestock Production
    • Areas may be considered
        • Machine for simultaneous Dung collection and lifting
        • Refinement of Animal lifting device for treatment of recumbent animals
        • Animal transport device for recumbent live animals
        • Animal transport modules
        • Hydroponics
        • Vermi-composting
        • Heat ameliorative measures for animals
        • Manually operated feed mixer for poultry
        • Hand operated milking machine
        • Quick drying of biogas slurry
        • Powder formation of fish bones and waste
    • Hydroponics: A new way to grow fodder, vegetables, other agricultural crops ..
    • A technique of growing plants (without soil) in water containing dissolved nutrient Hydroponics (from the Greek words hydro water and ponos labor) is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, without soil. Terrestrial plants may be grown with their roots in the mineral nutrient solution only or in an inert medium, such as gravel, or mineral wool
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    • A 1000 kg. Capacity greenhouse of  300 sq. ft. produces  365000 kg fresh green fodder per year, which is  equivalentof 25 acres of grass field
    • In this greenhouse only  2 to 3 litre of water  are required to produce 1 kg. of green grass whereas conventional methods require an average of  80 litre water   to produce the same quantity .
    • Produces succulent green feed of constant quality and quantity every day of the year. The green feed produced is palatable, nutritious and free from contamination.
    • Select any model to meet with your requirements.... 3 65 lb. / 30 kg. 10 lb. / 5 kg 4' X 4' X 7' GF30 6 132 lb. / 60 kg. 22 lb. / 10 kg. 8' X 4' X 7' GF60       W' X D' X H' INDOOR MODEL 25 550 lb. / 250 kg. 90 lb./41 kg. 10' X 10' X 10' GF250 50 1100 lb./ 500 kg. 180lb. / 82 kg. 10' X 15' X 10' GF500 100 2200 lb./1000kg. 365 lb. / 165 kg. 10' X 30' X 10' GF1000 NO. OF TRAYS PER DAY PRODUCTION PER DAY LB./KG. BARLEY/OAT /CORN REQUIRED PER DAY SIZE W'XL'XH' OUT DOOR (110/220 volt) MODEL#
    • Fodder is a high quality supplement for livestock diet. The above pictures show fodder at different stages of growth. Notice the rich growth of the edible root system.     High quality fodder   Day 7    Day 6   Day 4                        Day 3                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
    •                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Strawberry Plants                                                                                                                                                                                              Tomatoes                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
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    • Development of Heat Ameliorative Devices for Cattle & Buffaloes
    • Why heat ameliorative measures are required? Keeping cows in their thermoneutral zone – 41 and 68 F degrees– can minimize the impact of seasonal changes on milk production, reproduction, feed efficiency Heat stress not only lowers milk production during summer months but also reduces the potential for future milk production.
    • “ These adaptations are necessary to maintain a stable core body temperature, but they effect nutrient utilization and profitability on dairy farms.”   When housed in an environment beyond their thermoneutral zone, they adapt by altering their behavior and physiology
      • To develop an in-house automatic predefined intermittent water sprinkling system for buffaloes/cows to create heat ameliorative measures
      • To optimize cycle of water sprinkling duration and lean periods
      • To incorporate predefined automatic switching for intermittent air draft arrangement
      • To design and study water jackets for evaporative cooling
      • To design suitable wallowing tank for buffaloes utilizing water harvested through rains & waste water (available from the routine washing of milch animals of farm)
      • To develop animal water trough suitable for open animal paddocks for providing cooler water in comparison to existing water troughs
      • To study the effect of developed heat ameliorative devices on performance of animals
      • To explore possibility for modifying micro-climate of sheds for summer stress management of buffaloes.
    •   Advantages include open-air ventilation, and protection of dairy cows from rain, snow, and excessive sunlight .  Conventional Barns
    • Cross-Ventilated Barns
      • An alternative to traditional designs, featuring improved air quality, consistent temperatures, fly and bird control, less ammonia build-up, and enhanced cow comfort.
    • Tunnel-Ventilated Barns
      • An efficient, comfortable design that allows for a continuous and stable breeze down the lanes, maintain cool temperatures all year-round.  
    • Non-invasive heat detection in animals ..
    • Herd reproductive performance depends on cows being accurately detected in heat and achieving adequate conception rates when they are presented for artificial breeding to superior progeny tested bulls.
    • Possibility of non-invasive diagnosis of estrus in buffaloes based on body temperature profile. Our eyes are detectors which are designed to detect visible light waves (or visible radiation). There are forms of light (or radiation) which we cannot see. Actually we can only see a very small part of the entire range of radiation called the electromagnetic spectrum
    • Infrared can be used as a way to measure the heat radiated by an object. This is the radiation produced by the motion of atoms and molecules in an object. The higher the temperature, the more the atoms and molecules move and the more infrared they produce. Any object which has a temperature i.e. anything above absolute zero (-459.67 degrees Fahrenheit or -273.15 degrees Celsius or 0 degrees Kelvin), radiates in the infrared.
    • Herd reproductive performance depends on cows being accurately detected in heat and achieving adequate conception rates when they are presented for artificial breeding to superior progeny tested bulls.
      • Objectives:
      • To observe out side temperature body profiles of the buffaloes/cows at different stages of their lactation.
      • To observe temperature profiles during estrus cycle in buffaloes/cows.
      • To standardize a temperature profile indicative of peak of estrus cycle in buffaloes.
      • Practical utility:
        • It would be possible to detect heat in the cattle buffaloes which may miss the insemination due to their silent nature.
        • To explore possibility of temperature profiles indicatives of the stress in the animals
    • Infrared view of a turkey
    • Difference between warm blooded & cold blooded animal MMMMMM WWWWWW
    • A warm-blooded human holding a cold-blooded caterpillar ***++++++ EEEEEEEEEEE wwwwwwww MMMMMMM WW WWWW
    • Manually operated feed mixer for poultry
        • 1. Quick drying of biogas slurry
        • 2. Powder formation of fish bones and waste
    • Vermi-composting Hydroponics Non-invasive heat detection in animals Heat ameliorative measures
    • Herd reproductive performance depends on cows being accurately detected in heat and achieving adequate conception rates when they are presented for artificial breeding to superior progeny tested bulls.