Bill Kasdorf - Apex Content Solutions - Agile processes, agile publications (rev. 1.0)

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  • 1. Bill Kasdorf VP and Principal Consultant,Apex Content Solutions Agile Processes, Agile Publications Making the Most of New and Upcoming Technologies and Standards
  • 2. First, a few givens . . . . . . along with some helpful things* you should know about them. *Too many to go into detail in the time we have here. My presentation will be available; e-mail me if you need links: bkasdorf@apexcovantage.com
  • 3. A Few Givens It’s a multichannel world now. E-Book Readers EPUB is the consensus standard Tablets and Phones Responsive design via CSS Media Queries Platforms and Retailer Apps iBooks, Google Play, VitalSource, etc. Online Increasingly, the books, not just their metadata.
  • 4. A Few Givens It’s a multichannel world now. Web technology is ubiquitous. The Open Web Platform W3C standards like XML, HTML, CSS, MathML are the basis for virtually all digital publishing: Online via browsers Apps and Platforms E-Books All are increasingly HTML5-based
  • 5. A Few Givens It’s a multichannel world now. Web technology is ubiquitous. Print isn’t going away. InDesign Upcoming release: greatly improved EPUB export CSS-Based Rendering of PDFs from XML/XHTML via Formatters O’Reilly’sAtlas usesAntenna House Hachette uses PrinceXML via Infogrid Pacific
  • 6. A Few Givens It’s a multichannel world now. Web technology is ubiquitous. Print isn’t going away. Metadata matters. Thema Global subject headings; international collaboration, 20+ national groups, 15+ languages schema.org Enables faceted search, entities in the browser ONIX 3.0 Modular, frequently updated, optimized for digital products and series; ONIX 2.1 support ends in 2014
  • 7. A Few Givens It’s a multichannel world now. Web technology is ubiquitous. Print isn’t going away. Metadata matters. So does accessibility. Diagram Center Great “how to” resource for accessibility Accessible Image Sample Book Examples for maps, charts, diagrams, math, etc. Benetech / Bookshare Partnerswithpublisherstocreateaccessibleversions andprovidethemtoqualifiedrecipients
  • 8. A Few Givens It’s a multichannel world now. Web technology is ubiquitous. Print isn’t going away. Metadata matters. So does accessibility. What’s not online is invisible. Interoperability is essential. Standards make it all work. Lots is happening! Key organizations are actively working to address issues in these areas
  • 9. NEWS FLASH: The Web was not created for publishing.
  • 10. NEWS FLASH: The Web was not created for publishing.
  • 11. NEWS FLASH: The Web was not created for publishing. It was mainly created for communication, finding stuff, and selling stuff.
  • 12. The W3C has formed the Digital Publishing Interest Group to explore how Web technologies can be improved for publishing.
  • 13. Why should I care? I hardly ever think about my website.
  • 14. The basic options for delivering digital publications: An App. Programmed for a specific OS. The Browser. Standard online delivery. E-Reader. Getting closer to one-file-works-everywhere.
  • 15. The basic options for delivering digital publications: An App. Programmed for a specific OS. The Browser. Standard online delivery. E-Reader. Getting closer to one-file-works-everywhere. Behind almost all of these: The Open Web Platform (OWP), colloquially referred to as HTML5.
  • 16. The Open Web Platform Over 100 W3C specs: XML, HTML, CSS, SVG, MathML, many more. HTML5 The structure. CSS3 The styling. JavaScript The functionality.
  • 17. W3C Digital Publishing Interest Group Main mission: Document use cases for things publishers need to do using web technologies. Work with appropriate W3C Working Groups to update the specifications and standards.
  • 18. Current Areas of Work in the DPIG: Typography and Layout Achieving print-quality rendering via CSS Annotations and Social Reading With W3C and EPUB Annotations WGs Accessibility and Personalization Very broad, overlaps all other areas Behavioral UI Standardizing things like pop-ups Metadata Optimizing schema.org for publishing Drop Caps! Intensive activity in W3C CSS WG; implementation interest from Google, Mozilla,Adobe Footnotes! Headers and footers! High interest, high priority; these intersect with “regions,” annotations work DPIG is helping to get these things to happen.
  • 19. Current Areas of Work in the DPIG: Typography and Layout Achieving print-quality rendering via CSS Annotations and Social Reading With W3C and EPUB Annotations WGs Accessibility and Personalization Very broad, overlaps all other areas Behavioral UI Standardizing things like pop-ups Metadata Optimizing schema.org for publishing
  • 20. schema.org A standard set of properties and terms for describing “things” on the Web. Faceted search natively in the browser. Governed and agreed to by the major search engines and browsers. Enables “rich snippets” via microdata: names, dates, events, addresses, etc. Properties recently added for education and accessibility.
  • 21. Remember: it’s not just about your website. The Open Web Platform is fundamental to the how content is Developed Discovered Delivered
  • 22. The basic options for delivering digital publications: An App. Programmed for a specific OS. The Browser. Standard online delivery. E-Reader. Getting closer to one-file-works-everywhere. Behind almost all of these: The Open Web Platform (OWP), colloquially referred to as HTML5. The free, open, non-proprietary standard for delivery of publications based on the OWP is EPUB 3.
  • 23. The Mandate for EPUB 3 Based on open standards, royalty free Support all types of publications Enable multimedia and interactivity Global language support Accessibility Sophisticated design, layout, typography Backwards compatible with EPUB 2.0.1 Extensible, modular architecture
  • 24. But wait . . . does this actually work anywhere yet?
  • 25. Yes. (Are you surprised to know that?) iBooks is EPUB 3-compliant. So is Kobo. So is Google Play. And VitalSource and CourseSmart. Many others now support EPUB 3. Best right now: READIUM. (Note the use of the word “best” . . .)
  • 26. READIUM Open source project to implement all features of EPUB 3. Readium plug-in for Chrome is the best reference platform. Readium SDK makes it easy (& free) for developers to implement EPUB 3 in their systems.
  • 27. The New BISG EPUB 3 Support Grid: (epubtest.org) What features work on which systems. Interactive, dynamic, continually updated.
  • 28. epubtest.org Second generation of BISG EPUB 3 Grid Uses IDPF’s EPUB 3 Compliance Test Suite A master set of authoritative files designed to test reading system compliance for each specific EPUB 3 feature. View current results for a reading system, or compare implementation of a feature by RSs. Adding accessibility support reporting this summer.
  • 29. Okay, so we’re done, right? They aren’t going to be making any changes, are they?
  • 30. Of course we’re not done! EPUB 3 was designed to be modular and extensible. The key is that what is in EPUB 3.0 won’t change, it will just be augmented.
  • 31. Upcoming Improvements to EPUB 3 EPUB 3.0.1 in final stages of approval Most changes are spec clarifications/corrections Most important changes: Integration of Fixed Layout specifications New <collection> element groups components Additions to Structural Semantics Vocabulary and enabling changes without spec revision EPUBCheck will support EPUB 3.0.1 in August.
  • 32. Upcoming Improvements to EPUB 3 New specification for Indexes in EPUBs Spec final, working on implementation roadmap; accommodates back-of-book or embedded indexes, link to page breaks or specific points Draft specification released for Dictionaries and Glossaries in EPUBs Will enable standalone dictionaries and glossary or dictionary content as part of an EPUB publication
  • 33. Upcoming Improvements to EPUB 3 Specification in development for Advanced Hybrid Layout Enables combination of fixed layout and reflowable EPUBs Multiple renditions in a single .epub container “Region of Interest” definition and navigation Designed for manga, comics, graphic novels Also includes Magazine Vocabulary
  • 34. Upcoming Improvements to EPUB 3 Developing EDUPUB EPUB Profile for Educational Content Based on contributions from Pearson & O’Reilly Includes detailed “Structural Semantics Vocabulary” for textbooks/educational content Designed as delivery format, including metadata, widgets, customizable CSS, and “distributable objects” An EDUPUB is by definition an EPUB 3
  • 35. THE EDUPUB ALLIANCE IDPF Developing EDUPUB EPUB Profile and Open Source Widget Library IMS Global Key educational/pedagogical standards: QTI (Question and Test Interoperability) LTI (Learning Tools Interoperability) Caliper (Analytics framework) W3C Responsible for Open Web Platform
  • 36. Upcoming Improvements to EPUB 3 Announced at IDPF Digital Book on May 29, Public Drafts of four specifications: EDUPUB Profile Open Annotation in EPUB EPUB Distributable Objects EPUB Widget Packaging and Integration
  • 37. In conclusion, remember three TLAs and one FLA: XML W3C OWP EPUB Watch this space!
  • 38. Thanks! Bill Kasdorf bkasdorf@apexcovantage.com +1 734 904 6252 @BillKasdorf