Education In The Uk

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  • 1. Education in the UK -Different types of school (private, state, boarding, religious..) -Different stages in education (nursery, primary, secondary..)
  • 2. State schools
    • Funded by the government
    • Provide free education to pupils
    • Majority under control of local councils
    • Minority funded by central government, “academies” and “City Technology Colleges”.
    • All local authority maintained schools follow the National Curriculum
  • 3. Private schools
    • Also known as “independent” or “public” school in UK
    • Students must sit an entrance exam
    • Funded by charging students tuition-average £3,000 per term
    • Scholarships to reduce cost
    • High tuition used to pay for the best teachers and provide enriched learning environments (small class sizes, libraries, science labs, computers)
  • 4. Faith schools
    • Around a third of all state schools
    • Many linked to the Church of England
    • Sets the ethos of the school
    • May give priority to applicants who are of the school’s faith
    • Also Jewish, Muslim and Sikh faith schools
    • Follow the same national curriculum
    • In Church of England schools, Religious Education is monitored, but doesn’t take up much more of the timetable than in secular schools
  • 5. Boarding schools
    • Around 700 in UK
    • Most are private, very few state boarding schools
    • Students live in or near the school grounds
    • Most boarding schools also have day students
    • Boarders normally return home during school holidays
    • Students separated into residential houses
    • Senior staff appointed as housemasters, taking responsibility for pupils in their house
    • Prefect system gives older pupils certain privileges and responsibility
  • 6. Single-sex schools
    • Male and female students attend separate classes
    • Most are private schools
    • Some studies show children from single-sex schools are outperforming those from mixed schools
    • Some people feel single-sex learning creates inequalities and gender stereotypes
  • 7. Nursery school
    • For children between 3 and 5 years, although many take younger children
    • Each child entitled to 12.5 hours per week of free early education
    • Most nurseries are privately run
    • Teachers supervise educational play, rather than just providing childcare
  • 8. Primary school
    • For children aged from 4 to 11 years
    • Key stage 1 and 2 of National Curriculum (Reception-Year 6)
    • Fee-paying schools known as “preparatory schools”
    • Designed to prepare students for exams into private schools
  • 9. Secondary school
    • For children from ages 11 to 16 or 18
    • Key stage 3 and 4 of National Curriculum (Year 7 to Year 11)
    • Can also include Sixth form (16-18)
    • After 16, compulsory education ends
  • 10. College
    • Between secondary school and university
    • Sixth form or further education and mature education
    • Prepare students for university degrees
    • Apprenticeships provide vocational training (National Vocational Qualifications or NVQs)
  • 11. University
    • Tuition fees 2009/2010- £3,225
    • Students can apply for a state-provided loan for tuition fee and living costs
    • Most degrees are 3 years, 4 years “sandwich course”
    • Must apply online through UCAS (Universities and Colleges Admissions Service)
    • Apply for up to 5 courses
    • Oxbridge applications treated differently, as are Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary science
  • 12. School discipline
  • 13. Behaviour
    • Schools should have a written policy which sets out the standards of behaviour it expects
    • They should review them regularly and publicise them to parents, staff and pupils
    • Should include a code of conduct, which can apply before and after school as well as during the day.
    • Government advises schools to promote positive behaviour, build self-discipline and encourage respect for others
  • 14. Sanctions Schools have the right to impose sanctions if a pupil misbehaves. These can include:
    • Reprimands
    • Letters to parents
    • Removal from class
    • Confiscating belongings
    • Detention
    • Teachers are not allowed to punish pupils physically, but can restrain them when necessary.
  • 15. Fixed period exclusions
    • Child can be excluded for seriously breaking school rules
    • If allowing them to stay in school would harm the education or welfare of the child or other pupils
    • Only the head teacher can exclude a child
    • Should set work for pupils who are excluded for longer than one school day
    • Should call parents the day exclusion is given and also send a letter
  • 16. Permanent exclusions
    • Only as a last resort
    • Try to improve child’s behaviour through other means first
    • In exceptional circumstances, may be excluded for a one-off offence
    • Parents can appeal against an exclusion
    • Full-time education must be provided from the sixth day of a permanent exclusion
  • 17. Teacher training
  • 18. To work as a teacher in state schools you need to have qualified teacher status. To be awarded QTS you must:
    • Complete a period of training, such as a one-year professional or postgraduate certificate in education (PGCE)-known as initial teacher training (ITT)
    • Complete a period of induction-first year of employment in a school
    • Pass tests in literacy, numeracy and information and communications technology (ICT) by the end of ITT period
  • 19. When applying for a PGCE applicants must choose which age range to specialise in:
    • Early years (3-5 years)
    • Lower primary (5-7 years)
    • Upper primary (7-11 years)
    • Secondary (11-16 years)
    • Further education or post-compulsory education (16+ years)
  • 20.
    • Once QTS is achieved, it is legal to teach any age range (unless training in FE), although can be difficult to change
    • Most teachers stay within the age ranges they trained in
    • In order to change age range, you need to provide evidence to persuade the head teacher you are able to teach the ages you are applying for