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UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DEL ECUADORFACULTAD DE FILOSOFIA CIENCIAS Y LETRAS DE LAEDUCACION CARRERA DE PLURINGUE AMAGUAYA PACALLA IRMA ELIZABETH
Linguistics is a It is aims to Lots of concepts on science imples a demostrate how linguistic have beenserius, deep study a people have give through time by languaye used, deal linguists according to their points PRELIMINARY NOTIONS Scientific study of a lenguage in general and of languages in Linguistic is theparticular dealing with their history , scientific study of nature-approaches, grammar-ruler, as a system ofstruture-syntax, saounds –phonology, human meaning sistems-semantics, communication semiotics so on as a system of human communication .
LINGUISTICS • Jacab Grimm BACKGROUND (1785-1863) • Franz Bopp (791-1867) The word linguistics was initially • August Schleicherused in the middle of 19th century (1821-1868) to emphasize the differencebetween a newer approach to the study on language that was then developing and the nre tradicional aproach of philology
The term cpnstrative analysis stand for applied constrative sudias, with deal the practical cosnsequences of differences between constrated language for teaching purpose, bilingual analysis or translation. CONSTRATIVE CONTRATIVE OR COMPARATIVE CONSTRATIVE LINGUISTICS Certaly studies analyses, Originally known as and compares two more comparative philology is branch lenguage descriptively in of historiical or diachronicorder to find out similarities linguistic that is conced withand differences amog them comparing language in order to during the lenguage establish theur historical learning process. relatedness
-Since interence for more 30% of error FUNDAMENTALS FOR to understand TEACHING leguage. - Serve as an aid to their own more Is a relevant recuarding study autonomous area for certain types of learning and as a student background to the self diagnosis and remediation Metrhogolog of their error, Constrativ Constrative y of spoken e linguistic Pragmatics constrative and written syllabus linguistic Theory It´s the study of isn´t tooProceed Three the ability of demandings level- level of natural languageby-level lexis speaker s to -Lenguage terminology communicate The fundamental -Sound (utterance) more than that techique of -Syntax (gramas, which is explicity constrative linguistic sentece structure and staded is to mach of to Is specilly rules languages by using a associated with techique know as the applied constrative Sounds systems constative method studies advocated involve phonological as a means of or phonetic, relevant predicting to indentifying types difficulties of of foreing accent learners with particular mother tongue in learning
MEW TRENDS Included a comparison af cultures, It´s important studyearly contrastraive studies focused on macrolinguistic an what has been describeb as micholinguistic microlinguistic contrastrive analysis The role of Conpora Is a body ot text, utterarces or ther specimens considered more or les s representative of a language
It´s arbitrary structures system of utterances- sounds gestures, sings Most spoken LANGUAGE and movements, written language symbols, morphemes. population of words and sentences the world udes to, human comunication Cladification *Madarin *Hindi *Engish *Arabic *Spanich Verbal lenguage Is ephemeral because it vanishes into the air as soon as it is uttered Lenguage Individual Jargon Colloquialis Dialect Slang Family language m It´s a gruop of It´slanguage related Used by It´s an informal It´s Particularby descent from people who informal language language as way of a commom work in a used on the that isn´t a whole using a ancestor called particular lenguage is rude but from the language the proto- interest rude is non would not some family relagionallanguage of that standard be used and social family informal situation
Non Verbal No sound is uttered this could be symbolic written pr mimic. It´s a system of permanentWritten or simbolic language written symbols It´s a writting system which uses Idiographic ideograms(symbols) to represent whole words or concepts Syllabic It´s based or syllables which are represented by separate symbols English. It´s lingua franca It´s based on sounds- Alphabetical and native langua in the pronunciation world spoken Writing sistems, It´s bases Spanish. Spoken a first Articulated Languge on alphabets phonectica language 352 millon alphabets second language speakers
It´s the incompatibility. It´s the quality or state of being inconsistent, lack of conrdance with a structural pattern LENGUAGE INCONSISTENCIES The same letter or The same sound can letter combination be written whit Different dialectscan refer to different diffetent letter pronunce the same sounds combination word different
CLUSTER A group of the same or similar element gathered or occuring closely tofetres Consonant Vowel cluster cluster Give to synthetic words Also know as a consonant containing orthografic blend is a group or vowel cluster and analyzes sequence of consonant the observed pronunciation that appear together is a in relation to comon in syllable whitout a vowel lenguge between them. Inicial clusters Medial clusters Final clusters French, English and Four hinal Inicial two spanish might have consonant cluster isconsonant cluster from two up to fpur by and large the medial consonant outcome of the cluster plural forms Final clusters One consonant of the IT belongs to the second cluster belongs to the first of the two syllable speaks syllable and the other to the between which they second sillable diision occur appear os medial beteen the members