A Typical Student’s “To Do” List• Daily homework• Big project worth mega points• Major sports event• Junior Prom attire shopping• Facebook time• Gaming or TV time• Reading a book for fun• Going to the latest, hottest movie
Prioritize: Ask Yourself …• What is due NOW and what can wait a few days?• How can I break a big project up into more manageable steps?• What will make the biggest difference in my success as a student?• Deal with the BIG things first!
When Listening to a Lecture, Pay Attention to Words like…• This is going to be on the test…• Make sure to write this down…• Highlight this in your notes…• This is a good place to put a sticky note…
HOW DO YOU DETERMINEWHAT IS IMPORTANT WHEN READING?
Distill the Main Ideas and Important Thinking from Details
Sift and Sort Information• Facts• Interesting details• Information that supports bigger ideas• Merge thinking with text
Two Types of Main IdeasExplicit Main Idea: obviously stated in thepassage, usually in the first paragraphImplicit/Inferred Main Idea:connecting relevant information to come upwith the most significant points/author’spurpose
MODELAlligators are dangerous animals! They are cutewhen they are small, and some people have triedto make them pets. As they grow older, thealligators grow very sharp teeth and gain lots ofstrength. They are not friendly animals, and do notenjoy human company. It is uncommon, butalligators will attack humans. If you see analligator, by all means, stay away from thisdangerous animal!EXPLICIT MAIN IDEA: obviously stated in thepassage, usually in the first paragraph
Using the same paragraph aboutalligators, determine which choicebelow would be theimplicit/inferred main idea?a. Alligators have sharp teeth.b. Alligators will attack humans.c. Alligators do not make good pets.
Implicit/Inferred Main Idea:Connecting relevant information to come upwith the most significant points/author’spurpose
GUIDED PRACTICE Barack Obama Biography Barack Hussein Obama was born Aug. 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii. Hisfather, Barack Obama, Sr., was born of Luo ethnicity in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Hegrew up herding goats with his own father, who was a domestic servant to the British.Although reared among Muslims, Obama, Sr., became an atheist at some point. Obama’s mother, Ann Dunham, grew up in Wichita, Kansas. Her fatherworked on oil rigs during the Depression. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor,he signed up for service in World War II and marched across Europe in Patton’sarmy. Dunham’s mother went to work on a bomber assembly line. After the war, theystudied on the G.I. Bill, bought a house through the Federal Housing Program, andmoved to Hawaii. Meantime, Barck’s father had won a scholarship that allowed him to leaveKenya (to) pursue his dreams in Hawaii. At the time of his birth, Obama’s parentswere students at the East-West Center of the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Obama’s parents separated when he was two years old and later divorced.Obama’s father went to Harvard to pursue Ph.D. studies and then returned to Kenya. Four years later when Barack (commonly known throughout his early yearsas “Barry”) was ten, he returned to Hawaii to live with his maternal grandparents,Madelyn and Stanley Dunham, and later his mother (who died of ovarian cancer in1995). In his memoir, Obama described how he struggled to reconcile socialperceptions of his multiracial heritage. He saw his biological father (who died in a1982 car accident) only once (in 1971) after his parents divorced.www.biography.com
Important Points• Father was Kenyan; pursued a Ph.D. in USA• Mother was American from Wichita, KS
Important Points• Father was Kenyan; pursued a Ph.D. in USA• Mother was American from Wichita, KS• Parents and grandparents were very interested in education• At age 10, Obama went to live with maternal grandparents in Hawaii; mother lived with Barack and grandparents until her death in 1995• Parents divorced and Obama only saw father once following that
Main IdeaThis is a biographical piece that givesinformation about…
Main IdeaThis is a biographical piece that givesinformation about the Barack Obama’smultiracial background and a changingfamily structure.
Independent PracticeDetermine what is important to come up withthe main idea of the following passage
Imagine thick clouds of black smoke and hot,blistering flames rushing toward you. Now imagineforest land so rugged that firefighters can’t reach iton foot. Enter the smoke jumpers – firefighterswho parachute out of airplanes into forest fires.“Jumping into a fire is, of course, very appealing.It would be to anybody, right?” says Jody Stone inSmokejumper Magazine. Ms. Stone is one of only27 women smokejumpers in the United States.Until 1981, women left this dangerous job to men.This may seem like a wise decision to some, butnot to Leslie Anderson. Ms. Anderson was one ofthe early women smokejumpers. She says sheloved the adventure and challenge of fighting firefrom the sky.
Important Points• Smokejumpers parachute into forest fires• There are some women smokejumpers• They like the adventure and the challenge
Connect the Relevant Points“Smokejumping is a dangerous job, andsome women like it.”“Women smokejumpers risk their lives butenjoy the challenge.”