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Full Planet, Empty Plates Data Slideshow
 

Full Planet, Empty Plates Data Slideshow

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    Full Planet, Empty Plates Data Slideshow Full Planet, Empty Plates Data Slideshow Presentation Transcript

    • Select supporting data for Lester R. Brown’s Full Planet, Empty Plates: The New Geopolitics of Food Scarcity
    • Chapter 1Food: The Weak Link Photo Credit: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
    • World Monthly Food Price Index, January 1990 - August 2012 250 200 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org2002-2004 = 100 150 100 50 0 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Source: FAO Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • World Corn, Wheat, and Rice Production, 1960-2011 1,000 900 Corn Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 800 700 Wheat 600Million Tons 500 Rice 400 300 200 100 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Source: USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • World Grain Stocks as Days of Consumption, 1960-2011 140 120 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 100Days 80 60 40 20 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Source: USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Chapter 2The Ecology of Population Growth Photo Credit: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
    • World Population, 1950-2010, with Projections to 2050 12 11 10 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 9 8Billion 7 6 5 4 3 2 1950 1970 1990 2010 2030 2050 Source: UNPop Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Humanitys Ecological Footprint, 1961-2007 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.4 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org Point of Overshoot*Number of Earths 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 * In 1976, for the first time, the total demands placed on nature by the world economy reached the equivalent of 0.4 what the Earth can sustainably provide in a year. As of 2007, we are using the equivalent of 1.5 Earths— 0.2 exceeding what nature can provide by half. 0.0 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Source: Global Footprint Network Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Female Secondary Education and Total Fertility Rates, Latest Year 8 7 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 6Total Fertility Rate 5 4 3 2 1 R² = 0.6683 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 Percent of Girls Enrolled in Secondary School Source: EPI from UIS Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Chapter 3Moving Up the Food Chain Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • World Meat Production by Type, 1950-2010 120 Pork Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 100 Poultry 80Million Tons Beef 60 40 20 Mutton 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Source: Worldwatch, FAO Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • World Wild Fish Catch and Farmed Fish Production, 1950-2010 100 90 Wild Catch 80 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 70 60Million Tons 50 Farmed Fish 40 30 20 10 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: FAO Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Meat Consumption in China and the United States, 1960-2012 80 China 70 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 60 50Million Tons 40 United States 30 20 10 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Source: USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Milk Production in India and the United States, 1961-2010 140 120 India Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 100Million Tons 80 United States 60 40 20 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: FAO Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Chapter 4Food or Fuel? Photo Credit: iStockPhoto / Vasata Studio
    • World Fuel Ethanol Production, 1975-2012 25,000 20,000 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 15,000Million Gallons 10,000 5,000 Note: 2012 is a projection. 0 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Source: F.O. Licht Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • U.S. Corn Use for Feedgrain, Fuel Ethanol, and Exports, 1980-2011 180 160 Feedgrain Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 140 120Million Tons 100 Fuel Ethanol 80 60 40 Exports 20 0 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 Source: USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • U.S. Motor Gasoline Consumption, 1950-2012 160 140 120 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 100Billion Gallons 80 60 40 20 Note: 2012 is a projection. 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: DOE Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Chapter 5Eroding Soils Darkening Our Future Photo Credit: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
    • Dust Events in South Korea, 1970-2011 140 118 120 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 100 80 77Days 60 39 40 23 20 0 1970-1979 1980-1989 1990-1999 2000-2011 Source: KMA; KME Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Grazing Livestock in Nigeria, 1961-2010 60 Goats 50 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 40 SheepMillion Head 30 20 Cattle 10 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: FAO Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Livestock and Human Populations in Pakistan, 1961-2010 200 180 Humans 160 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 140 Livestock 120Millions 100 80 60 40 20 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: FAO; UNPop Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Chapter 6Peak Water and Food Scarcity Photo Credit: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
    • Wheat Production and Consumption in Saudi Arabia, 1960-2011 4,500 4,000 Consumption 3,500 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 3,000Thousand Tons 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 Production 500 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Grain Production and Consumption in the Arab Middle East and Israel, 1961-2011 45 Consumption 40 35 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 30Million Tons 25 20 15 Production 10 5 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: EPI from USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • World Irrigated Area, 1961-2009 350 300 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 250Million Hectares 200 150 100 50 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: FAO Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • World Irrigated Area Per Thousand People, 1961-2009 53 51 49 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 47Hectares 45 43 41 39 37 35 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: FAO; UNPop Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Chapter 7Grain Yields Starting to Plateau Photo Credit: iStockPhoto / ollo
    • Wheat Yields in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, 1961-2011 9 8 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 7 6Tons Per Hectare 5 4 France Germany 3 United Kingdom 2 1 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Source: FAO, USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Rice Yields in China and Japan, 1960-2011 6 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 5 Japan 4Tons Per Hectare 3 China 2 1 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Source: USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Fertilizer Consumption in Top Five Countries, 1961-2011 60 China 50 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 40Million Tons India 30 United 20 States Brazil 10 Indonesia 0 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 2021 Source: IFA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Chapter 8Rising Temperatures, Rising Food Prices Photo Credit: iStockPhoto / jansmarc
    • Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Concentration, 1000-2011 390 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 370Parts Per Million by Volume 350 330 310 290 270 250 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 Source: EPI from Worldwatch; NOAA/ESRL Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Average Global Temperature, 1880-2011 14.7 14.5 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 14.3Degrees Celsius 14.1 13.9 13.7 13.5 13.3 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020 Source: NASA GISS Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Global Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Fossil Fuel Burning by Fuel Type, 1900-2011 4,500 Coal 4,000 Earth Policy Institute - www.earthpolicy.org 3,500Million Tons of Carbon 3,000 Oil 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 Natural Gas 500 0 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 Source: EPI from CDIAC; BP Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Chapter 9China and the Soybean Challenge Photo Credit: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
    • World Soybean Production, 1950-2011 300 250 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 200Million Tons 150 100 50 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Source: Worldwatch, USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Soybean Production, Consumption, and Imports in China, 1964-2011 80 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 70 Consumption 60 50Million Tons 40 30 Imports 20 10 Production 0 1964 1974 1984 1994 2004 Source: USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Net Imports of Grain in China, 1960-2011 20 15 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 10 5Million Tons 0 -5 -10 -15 -20 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Source: EPI from USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Area Harvested for Wheat, Corn, and Soybeans in the Western Hemisphere, 1960-2011 90 Soybeans 80 Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org 70 CornMillion Hectares 60 50 Wheat 40 30 20 10 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 Source: USDA Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Chapter 10The Global Land Rush Photo Credit: iStockPhoto / susoy
    • Large-scale Land Acquisition Area by Target Region, October 2008 – August 2009 Middle East and Latin America and North Africa, 1.9% the Caribbean, 5.7% Europe andCentral Asia, 7.6% Southeast Asia, 14.7% Sub-Saharan Africa, 70.1% Total Area: 56.6 million hectares in 203 projects Source: GRAIN data compiled by Deininger and Byerlee (2011) Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Large-scale Land Acquisitions by Project Type, October 2008 – August 2009 Biofuel Crops 21% Food Crops 37% Industrial, Cash Crops 21% Conservation Reserves, Game Farms, Livestock, Plantation Forestry 21% Total Projects: 405 Source: GRAIN data compiled by Deininger and Byerlee (2011) Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • Chapter 11Can We Prevent a Food Breakdown? Photo Credit: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
    • Plan B Carbon Dioxide Emissions Reduction Goals for 2020 (Million Tons of Carbon) Earth Policy Institute - www.earth-policy.org Remaining net emissions Replacing fossil 1,680 fuels with renewables for Managing soils to electricity and heat sequester carbon 3,210 600 Planting trees to 860 sequester carbon Restructuring the 1,500 1,400 transport system Ending net Reducing coal and deforestation oil use in industry 100Baseline Emissions (2006) = 9,350 Million Tons of Carbon Source: EPI Photo Credit: USDA / Scott Bauer
    • To learn more about the global food situation… read Full Planet, Empty Plates: The New Geopolitics of Food Scarcity by Lester R. Brown. The book and supporting data sets are available at www.earth-policy.org