Sigmund freud sociology (psychoanalysis theory)

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Sigmund freud sociology (psychoanalysis theory)

  1. 1. (PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY)
  2. 2. NAME: Sigmund Freud OCCUPATION: Scholar, Psychiatrist BIRTH DATE: May 06, 1856 DEATH DATE: September 23, 1939 EDUCATION: University of Vienna PLACE OF BIRTH: Freiberg, Moravia, Austrian Empire (Czech Republic) PLACE OF DEATH: London, England ORIGINALLY: Sigismund Schlomo Freud
  3. 3. THEORY OF PERSONALITY STRUCTURE THEORY OF PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT THEORY OF PERSONALITY DYNAMICS
  4. 4. There are 3 basic aspects of personality A. ID (Inner Desire) - subconscious level - urges, instinct  Baby like self  Immediate gratification of desires  Pleasure seeking (libido)  Aggression  Sexual impulses
  5. 5.  Repository of the unconcious wishes primarily LIBIDINAL  All the animal like impulses the individual experiences THE URGE TO KILL IS AN IMPLUSE OF THE ID
  6. 6. B. EGO – concious self (overseer)  Deals with reality  Negotiate the demand of the ID  May operate with the ID in the unconcious level and the reality at the preconcious and concious level MATURE AND ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR
  7. 7. c. SUPER EGO – conscience  Good in us  Small voice from within that dictates what should be done properly  Moral Center  We internalize the moral code of our society  Maintains the standard of personality  THE SUPEREGO MUST INHIBIT THE ID IMPULSES AND PERSUADE THE EGO TO SUBSTITUTE MORALISTIC GOALS FOR REALISTIC GOALS
  8. 8. THE THREE COMPONENTS ARE PRESUMED TO WORK IN UNISON UNDER THE ORGANIZATION OF THE EGO. Interpersonal conflict – involves the interaction of the ID, EGO and SUPER EGO
  9. 9.  Has five (5) psychosexual stages 1. ORAL (first 2 years of life)  Infant finds gratification through stimulation of the lips and the mouth region as in sucking and nursing.  The oral (mouth) cavity is the zone of primary pleasure for the infant
  10. 10.  RECEPTIVE – involves taking food for the body use or pleasure  AGGRESSIVE – biting to represent displeasure
  11. 11. 2. ANAL (12 – 30 months)  The child receives primary pleasure from anal activities  Toilet training is related to this period  During the second year of life, the child is encouraged to “control” elimination of waste.
  12. 12.  REFLEXIVE – pleasurable stimulation from retaining feces  RETENTIVE – tension related to expelling waste
  13. 13. 3. PHALLIC – (3rd – 6th year of life)  Child develops instinctual attraction for the opposite sex parent  This results in fear of the same sex parents. The attraction and fear becomes/brings severe conflict.
  14. 14.  OEDIPUS COMPLEX – son mother relationship  ELECTRA COMPLEX – daughter father relationship
  15. 15. 4. LATENCY -period of repressed sexual activity between 6 y/o and puberty (11 y/o)  Increased activity with the same sex peers which corresponds with a decrease in heterosexual activity – activities like studying and sports dominate.  Period of repression of sexual desires
  16. 16. 5. GENITAL (stage of normal adulthood)  The child’s basic interest and sources of EROTIC SATISFACTION become CENTERED in heterosexual behavior.  This stage is characterized by ATTRACTION to the opposite sex.
  17. 17.  FIXATION – occurs when there is arrested development or inability to pass to the next stage. e.g. oral fixation – thumb sucking, nail biting, greediness anal fixation – excessive conformity and self control and compulsiveness
  18. 18.  The PHALLIC CHARACTER is reckless in behaviour and defines his sexual prowess without feelings of love.
  19. 19. Aims of the motivational and emotional components of personality. According to Sigmund Freud, man inherits the LIFE instinct and the DEATH instinct (LIBIDO and MORTIDO)
  20. 20.  CONSCIOUS – perception, thought and emotions that exist in the person’s awareness - social responsibility  PRECONSCIOUS – not currently in the person’s awareness, but can be called with some effort - just beneath the surface
  21. 21.  UNCONSCIOUS – realm of thoughts and feelings that motivate a person even though he/she is totally unaware of them.

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