NTFP Webinar, UMN Extension

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  • How are you coming to this…Background: Debate / dialogue about what is an NTFP
  • Plants
  • Animals
  • Services: shade, water, habitat recreation, etc.
  • In the Forest?
  • Agricultural contexts
  • Recognize the continuum.Outliers: wild rice, fishing, etc.
  • Change of direction…maybe a better question is:
  • Who we are
  • The things that we do.
  • And our strategies for getting by and earning a living
  • Do you harvest or have you harvested non-timber forest products? Y/NHow many…
  • Do you or have you made money from non timber forest products? Y/N

Transcript

  • 1. Non-timber forest products in Minnesota
    Dave Wilsey, PhD
    Assistant Extension Professor and Educator
    Extension Center for Food, Agriculture, and Natural Resource Sciences
  • 2. Non Timber Forest Products
  • 3. What is (or isn’t) a NTFP?
  • 4. What is (or isn’t) a NTFP?
  • 5. What is (or isn’t) a NTFP?
    What is (or isn’t) a NTFP?
  • 6. Where are NTFPs found?
  • 7. Where are NTFPs found?
  • 8. Where are NTFPs found?
    …to field
    From forest…
    And beyond???
  • 9. Why are we interested in NTFPs?
    Or: What makes NTFPs interesting?
  • 10. Minnesota Lives…
  • 11. Minnesota Lives…
  • 12. Minnesota Livelihoods…
  • 13. Today’s Roadmap
    1. DevelopingAwareness of Resources
    2. Utilization of Resources
    3. Management of Resources
  • 14. Quick poll…
  • 15. (What’s really out there?)
    Developing Awareness
    (And where exactly is it?)
  • 16. D.I.Y!
    Seasonal Calendars
    Awareness
    Activity or
    Phenology Journal
    Rainy Lake, May 2007, Unknown berries
    Photo-journaling
  • 17. Books & field guides
    How to do…
    How to find…
    Awareness
  • 18. Peer and professional networks
    Friends & Neighbors
    Find a Forester
    Awareness
    http://www.myminnesotawoods.umn.edu/minnesota-stewardship-plan-preparers/
  • 19. Local markets and institutions
    Goods from the Woods
    Awareness
    Farmers’ Markets
    Informal markets
  • 20. (Some of) Minnesota NTFPs
  • 21. Maple syrup
    Acer spp.
    Acerspecies
    • 2008 US production: 1.9 mil gallons valued at$77.5 million
    • 22. 14 US states produce; MN is not in top 5
    • 23. 2008 Canadian production valued at $209 million
  • Balsam boughs and wreaths
    Abies balsamea
    • $20 million industry in MN
    • 24. Estimated 4300 ton annual harvest
    • 25. Thousands of seasonal employees
    Source: “Estimation and Monitoring of balsam fir boughs in MN,”
    M. Hansen et al,
    Date unknown
    Photo: Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
  • 26. Manoomin(Wild rice)
    Zizaniapalustris
    • Minnesota native food crop
    • 27. An annual aquatic grass
    • 28. Harvest requires permit, if non-Native
    • 29. Related products include birch bark winnowing baskets, cedar knockers, and balsam push poles
    Photos: dwilsey, esagor (upper right)
  • 30. Birch bark
    Betula papyrifera
    • Traditional forest product with rich, multicultural tradition
    • 31. Non-destructive (properly harvested)
    • 32. Linked to harvest and processing of wild rice (Ojibwe)
  • Deer
    Odocoileusvirginianus
    In 2009: 586,000 licenses sold; 194,000 animals taken
    Recreational
    Important food source
  • 33. Countless others…
  • 34. Utilization
    “[NTFPs] are about getting outdoors, about being with your family.”
    “Balsam and trapping pay the bills; hunting gets the meat.”
    – Comments from Minnesota NTFP harvesters
  • 35. Enjoying what is there
    Utilization
    Photos: esagor, dwilsey (lower left)
  • 40. Consumption
    Utilization
  • Gifting & Exchange
    Utilization
  • 42. Commercial uses
    Tapping rubber trees in Mexico, dwilsey
    Utilization
    • Commercial ventures
    • 43. Hobby enterprise
    • 44. Seasonal income
    • 45. Extra cash
    Evergreen wreaths, jmiedtke
    Maple sap lines to pump house, dwilsey
  • 46. Quick poll…
  • 47. Management
    Image: www.cinram.umn.edu
  • 48. Sustainable harvesting practices
    • Harvest technique
    - Tools, transport, etc.
    • Harvest intensify
    - Timing of harvest
    - Frequency
    Management
    Images: carefulharvest, S.Thayer (calendar)
  • 49. Promotion via “best practices”
    Examples:
    Management
    Image: plantamnesty.org
    Images: forestsavers.com
  • 54. Enhancement
    Taking action to ensure that existing natural resource (NTFP) populations are sustained or increase
    Management
    Image:www.woolwich.ca
  • 55. Establishment & Conversion
    Management
    • Tree planting
    • 56. Understory planting
    • 57. Agroforestry applications
    - Silvi-pasture
    - Windbreaks and hedgerows
    - Riparian buffers
    • Etc.
    Silvi-pasture
    Windbreaks
    Images: www.cinram.umn.edu
  • 58. NTFP Enterprises & Markets
  • 59. NTFP Enterprises
    Enterprises & Marketing
    Most NTFP enterprises are:
    Small – having few employees
    Low visibility
    Easily displaced
    BUT,
    May be easier to start
    Relatively lower risk
    Images: IFCAE (L), dwilsey(R)
  • 60. NTFP Markets
    Time
    - seasonality
    - trends
    Enterprises & Marketing
    Structure
    Scale
    Formality
    Scope
    + locations
  • 61. Some additional resources…
    Online
    Print
    MyMinnesotaWoods.com
    Center for Integrated Natural Resource and Agricultural Management, (CINRAM.umn.edu)
    TrueNorthWoods.com
    Institute for Culture and Ecology, (IFCAE.org)
    The Overstory, (Agroforestry.net)
    Non-Wood News, (http://www.fao.org/forestry/nwfp/en)
    Non Timber Forest Products in the United States – E. Jones et al. 2002
    Tapping the Green Market: Certification and Management of Non-Timber Forest Products – P. Shanley et al. 2002
    Goods from the Woods: Developing your Non-Timber Forest Product Business – T. Brigham 1998
  • 62. “If American agroforestersextend their attention to micro-growers, such as backyard and community gardeners, other urban agriculturists, hobby farmers, and small acreage owners, they could both derive valuable know-how from these new collaborations and promote agroforestry concepts to the groups previously not associated with agroforestry.”
    -Sharashkin et al 2005
  • 63. © 2010, Regents of the University of Minnesota. All rights reserved
    University of Minnesota Extension is an equal opportunity educator and employer
    This material is available in alternative formats upon request.  Direct requests to 218-726-6464
    Thank you!
    Dave Wilsey
    dwilsey@umn.edu
    myminnesotawoods.umn.edu