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Common Business Nouns

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Common business nouns

Common business nouns

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  • 1. Common Business Nouns Andrew Ernest Ritz May 8, 2011Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 1 / 96
  • 2. advantage noun –1. (23) advantage, vantage – (the quality of having a superior or more favorable position; ”the experience gave him the advantage over me”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 2 / 96
  • 3. advertisement noun –. (2) ad, advertisement, advertizement, advertising, advertizing, advert – (a public promotion of some product or service) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 3 / 96
  • 4. advice noun –. (18) advice – (a proposal for an appropriate course of action) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 4 / 96
  • 5. agenda noun –1. (3) agenda, docket, schedule – (a temporally organized plan for matters to be attended to) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 5 / 96
  • 6. apology noun –1. (2) apology – (an expression of regret at having caused trouble for someone; ”he wrote a letter of apology to the hostess”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 6 / 96
  • 7. authorization noun –1. (5) mandate, authorization, authorisation – (a document giving an official instruction or command) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 7 / 96
  • 8. bill noun –1. (22) bill, measure – (a statute in draft before it becomes law; ”they held a public hearing on the bill”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 8 / 96
  • 9. brand noun –1. (7) trade name, brand name, brand, marque – (a name given to a product or service) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 9 / 96
  • 10. budget noun –1. (4) budget – (a sum of money allocated for a particular purpose; ”the laboratory runs on a budget of a million a year”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 10 / 96
  • 11. commission noun –1. (27) committee, commission – (a special group delegated to consider some matter; ”a committee is a group that keeps minutes and loses hours” - Milton Berle) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 11 / 96
  • 12. comparison noun –1. (16) comparison, comparing – (the act of examining resemblances; ”they made a comparison of noise levels”; ”the fractions selected for comparison must require pupils to consider both numerator and denominator”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 12 / 96
  • 13. competition noun –1. (17) competition – (a business relation in which two parties compete to gain customers; ”business competition can be fiendish at times”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 13 / 96
  • 14. competitor noun –. (7) rival, challenger, competitor, competition, contender – (the contestant you hope to defeat; ”he had respect for his rivals”; ”he wanted to know what the competition was doing”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 14 / 96
  • 15. confirmation noun –1. (4) confirmation, verification, check, substantiation – (additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct; ”fossils provided further confirmation of the evolutionary theory”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 15 / 96
  • 16. creditor noun –. creditor – (a person to whom money is owed by a debtor; someone to whom an obligation exists) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 16 / 96
  • 17. customer noun –. (25) customer, client – (someone who pays for goods or services) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 17 / 96
  • 18. deadline noun –. (2) deadline – (the point in time at which something must be completed) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 18 / 96
  • 19. debt noun –1. (3) debt – (the state of owing something (especially money); ”he is badly in debt”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 19 / 96
  • 20. debtor noun –. debtor, debitor – (a person who owes a creditor; someone who has the obligation of paying a debt) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 20 / 96
  • 21. decision noun –1. (25) decision, determination, conclusion – (the act of making up your mind about something; ”the burden of decision was his”; ”he drew his conclusions quickly”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 21 / 96
  • 22. decrease noun –1. (5) decrease, lessening, drop-off – (a change downward; ”there was a decrease in his temperature as the fever subsided”; ”there was a sharp drop-off in sales”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 22 / 96
  • 23. deficit noun –1. (1) deficit, shortage, shortfall – (the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required; ”new blood vessels bud out from the already dilated vascular bed to make up the nutritional deficit”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 23 / 96
  • 24. delivery noun –1. (3) delivery, bringing – (the act of delivering or distributing something (as goods or mail); ”his reluctant delivery of bad news”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 24 / 96
  • 25. department noun –1. (28) department, section – (a specialized division of a large organization; ”you’ll find it in the hardware department”; ”she got a job in the historical section of the Treasury”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 25 / 96
  • 26. description noun –1. (27) description, verbal description – (a statement that represents something in words) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 26 / 96
  • 27. difference noun –1. (73) difference – (the quality of being unlike or dissimilar; ”there are many differences between jazz and rock”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 27 / 96
  • 28. disadvantage noun –. (3) disadvantage – (the quality of having an inferior or less favorable position) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 28 / 96
  • 29. distribution noun –1. (23) distribution, statistical distribution – ((statist ics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 29 / 96
  • 30. employee noun –. (57) employee – (a worker who is hired to perform a job) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 30 / 96
  • 31. employer noun –. (14) employer – (a person or firm that employs workers) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 31 / 96
  • 32. enquiry noun –1. question, inquiry, enquiry, query, interrogation – (an instance of questioning; ”there was a question about my training”; ”we made inquiries of all those who were present”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 32 / 96
  • 33. environment noun –1. (21) environment – (the totality of surrounding conditions; ”he longed for the comfortable environment of his living room”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 33 / 96
  • 34. equipment noun –. (48) equipment – (an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 34 / 96
  • 35. estimate noun –1. (13) estimate, estimation, approximation, idea – (an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth; ”an estimate of what it would cost”; ”a rough idea how long it would take”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 35 / 96
  • 36. experience noun –1. (52) experience – (the accumulation of knowledge or skill that results from direct participation in events or activitie s; ”a man of experience”; ”experience is the best teacher”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 36 / 96
  • 37. explanation noun –1. (28) explanation, account – (a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.; ”the explanation was very simple”; ”I expected a brief account”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 37 / 96
  • 38. facilities noun –1. (35) facility, installation – (a building or place that provides a particular service or is used for a particular industry; ”the assembly plant is an enormous facility”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 38 / 96
  • 39. factory noun –. (18) factory, mill, manufacturing plant, manufactory – (a plant consisting of one or more buildings with facilities for manufacturing) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 39 / 96
  • 40. feedback noun –1. (1) feedback – (the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 40 / 96
  • 41. goal noun –1. (34) goal, end – (the state of affairs that a plan is intended to achieve and that (when achieved) terminates behavior intended to achieve it; ”the ends justify the means”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 41 / 96
  • 42. growth noun –1. (37) growth, growing, maturation, development, ontogeny, ontogenesis – ((biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level; ”he proposed an indicator of osseous development in children”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 42 / 96
  • 43. guarantee noun –1. (2) guarantee, warrant, warrantee, warranty – (a written assurance that some product or service will be provided or will meet certain specifications) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 43 / 96
  • 44. improvement noun –1. (7) improvement, betterment, advance – (a change for the better; progress in development) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 44 / 96
  • 45. increase noun –1. (49) addition, increase, gain – (a quantity that is added; ”there was an addition to property taxes this year”; ”they recorded the cattle’s gain in weight over a period of weeks”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 45 / 96
  • 46. industry noun –1. (56) industry – (the people or companies engaged in a particular kind of commercial enterprise; ”each industry has its own trade publications”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 46 / 96
  • 47. instructions noun –1. (1) instruction manual, instructions, book of instructio ns, operating instructions – (a manual usually accompanying a technical device and explaining how to install or operate it) Overview of noun instruction The noun instruction has 4 senses (first 3 from tagged texts) 1. (11) direction, instruction – (a message describing how something is to be done; ”he gave directions faster than she could follow them”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 47 / 96
  • 48. interest noun –1. (62) interest, involvement – (a sense of concern with and curiosity about someone or something; ”an interest in music”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 48 / 96
  • 49. inventory noun –1. (5) inventory, stock list – (a detailed list of all the items in stock) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 49 / 96
  • 50. invoice noun –. bill, account, invoice – (an itemized statement of money owed for goods shipped or services rendered; ”he paid his bill and left”; ”send me an account of what I owe”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 50 / 96
  • 51. knowledge noun –. (45) cognition, knowledge, noesis – (the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 51 / 96
  • 52. limit noun –1. (24) limit, bound, boundary – (the greatest possible degree of something; ”what he did was beyond the bounds of acceptable behavior”; ”to the limit of his ability”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 52 / 96
  • 53. loss noun –1. (16) loss – (something that is lost; ”the car was a total loss”; ”loss of livestock left the rancher bankrupt”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 53 / 96
  • 54. margin noun –1. (6) margin, border, perimeter – (the boundary line or the area immediately inside the boundary) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 54 / 96
  • 55. market noun –1. (12) market, marketplace, market place – (the world of commercial activity where goods and services are bought and sold; ”without competition there would be no market”; ”they were driven from the marketplace”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 55 / 96
  • 56. message noun –1. (20) message – (a communication (usually brief) that is written or spoken or signaled; ”he sent a three-word message”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 56 / 96
  • 57. mistake noun –1. (13) mistake, error, fault – (a wrong action attributab le to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention; ”he made a bad mistake”; ”she was quick to point out my errors”; ”I could understand his English in spite of his grammatical faults”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 57 / 96
  • 58. objective noun –1. (38) aim, object, objective, target – (the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable); ”the sole object of her trip was to see her children”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 58 / 96
  • 59. offer noun –1. (2) offer, offering – (the verbal act of offering; ”a generous offer of assistance”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 59 / 96
  • 60. opinion noun –1. (21) opinion, sentiment, persuasion, view, thought – (a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty; ”my opinion differs from yours”; ”I am not of your persuasion”; ”what are your thoughts on Haiti?”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 60 / 96
  • 61. option noun –1. option – (the right to buy or sell property at an agreed price; the right is purchased and if it is not exercised by a stated date the money is forfeited) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 61 / 96
  • 62. order noun –1. (26) order – ((often plural) a command given by a superior (e.g., a military or law enforcement officer) that must be obeyed; ”the British ships dropped anchor and waited for orders from London”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 62 / 96
  • 63. output noun –1. (5) end product, output – (final product; the things produced) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 63 / 96
  • 64. payment noun –1. (32) payment – (a sum of money paid or a claim discharg ed) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 64 / 96
  • 65. penalty noun –1. (6) punishment, penalty, penalization, penalisation – (the act of punishing) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 65 / 96
  • 66. permission noun –1. (5) permission – (approval to do something; ”he asked permission to leave”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 66 / 96
  • 67. possibility noun –1. (21) possibility – (a future prospect or potential; ”this room has great possibilities”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 67 / 96
  • 68. product noun –1. (52) merchandise, ware, product – (commodities offered for sale; ”good business depends on having good merchandise”; ”that store offers a variety of products”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 68 / 96
  • 69. production noun –1. (36) production – (the act or process of producing something; ”Shakespeare’s production of poetry was enormous”; ”the production of white blood cells”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 69 / 96
  • 70. profit noun –1. (6) net income, net, net profit, lucre, profit, profits, earnings – (the excess of revenues over outlays in a given period of time (including depreciation and other non-cash expenses)) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 70 / 96
  • 71. promotion noun –1. (4) promotion, publicity, promotional material, packagin g – (a message issued in behalf of some product or cause or idea or person or institution; ”the packaging of new ideas”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 71 / 96
  • 72. purchase noun –1. (8) purchase – (the acquisition of something for payment; ”they closed the purchase with a handshake”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 72 / 96
  • 73. reduction noun –1. (16) decrease, diminution, reduction, step-down – (the act of decreasing or reducing something) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 73 / 96
  • 74. refund noun –1. (7) refund – (money returned to a payer) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 74 / 96
  • 75. reminder noun –1. (3) reminder – (a message that helps you remember something; ”he ignored his wife’s reminders”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 75 / 96
  • 76. repair noun –1. (5) repair, fix, fixing, fixture, mend, mending, reparation – (the act of putting something in working order again) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 76 / 96
  • 77. report noun –1. (50) report, study, written report – (a written document describing the findings of some individual or group; ”this accords with the recent study by Hill and Dale”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 77 / 96
  • 78. responsibility noun –1. (17) duty, responsibility, obligation – (the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force; ”we must instill a sense of duty in our children”; ”every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty”- John D.Rockefeller Jr) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 78 / 96
  • 79. result noun –1. (83) consequence, effect, outcome, result, event, issue, upshot – (a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon; ”the magnetic effect was greater when the rod was lengthwise”; ”his decision had depressing consequences for business”; ”he acted very wise after the event”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 79 / 96
  • 80. retailer noun –. (5) retailer, retail merchant – (a merchant who sells goods at retail) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 80 / 96
  • 81. rise noun –1. (8) rise – (a growth in strength or number or importanc e) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 81 / 96
  • 82. risk noun –1. (4) hazard, jeopardy, peril, risk, endangerment – (a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune; ”drinking alcohol is a health hazard”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 82 / 96
  • 83. salary noun –. (10) wage, pay, earnings, remuneration, salary – (something that remunerates; ”wages were paid by check”; ”he wasted his pay on drink”; ”they saved a quarter of all their earnings”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 83 / 96
  • 84. sale noun –1. (29) sale – (a particular instance of selling; ”he has just made his first sale”; ”they had to complete the sale before the banks closed”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 84 / 96
  • 85. schedule noun –1. (11) agenda, docket, schedule – (a temporally organized plan for matters to be attended to) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 85 / 96
  • 86. share noun –1. (29) share, portion, part, percentage – (assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group; ”he wanted his share in cash”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 86 / 96
  • 87. signature noun –1. (1) signature – (your name written in your own handwrit ing) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 87 / 96
  • 88. stock noun –1. (28) stock – (the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity); ”he owns a controlling share of the company’s stock”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 88 / 96
  • 89. success noun –1. (36) success – (an event that accomplishes its intended purpose; ”let’s call heads a success and tails a failure”; ”the election was a remarkable success for the Whigs”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 89 / 96
  • 90. suggestion noun –1. (13) suggestion – (an idea that is suggested; ”the picnic was her suggestion”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 90 / 96
  • 91. supply noun –1. (21) supply – (an amount of something available for use) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 91 / 96
  • 92. support noun –1. (15) support – (the activity of providing for or maintaining by supplying with money or necessities; ”his support kept the family together”; ”they gave him emotional support during difficult times”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 92 / 96
  • 93. target noun –1. (6) target, mark – (a reference point to shoot at; ”his arrow hit the mark”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 93 / 96
  • 94. transport noun –1. (3) conveyance, transport – (something that serves as a means of transportation) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 94 / 96
  • 95. turnover noun –1. (2) employee turnover, turnover rate, turnover – (the ratio of the number of workers that had to be replaced in a given time period to the average number of workers) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 95 / 96
  • 96. wholesaler noun –. (1) jobber, middleman, wholesaler – (someone who buys large quantities of goods and resells to merchants rather than to the ultimate customers) Andrew Ernest Ritz () Common Business Nouns May 8, 2011 96 / 96

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