Sound

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Words associated with the sense of hearing

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Sound

  1. 1. The Sense Of Sound Andrew Ernest Ritz May 8, 2011Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 1 / 197
  2. 2. babble noun –. babble, babbling, lallation – (gibberish resembling the sounds of a baby) verb –1. (3) babble – (utter meaningless sounds, like a baby, or utter in an incoherent way; ”The old man is only babbling–don’t pay attention”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 2 / 197
  3. 3. bang noun –1. (2) knock, bash, bang, smash, belt – (a vigorous blow; ”the sudden knock floored him”; ”he took a bash right in his face”; ”he got a bang on the head”) verb –1. (3) slam, bang – (strike violently; ”slam the ball”) adv –. (1) bang, slap, slapdash, smack, bolt – (directly; ”he ran bang into the pole”; ”ran slap into her”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 3 / 197
  4. 4. bark noun –1. (4) bark – (tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants) verb –1. (1) bark – (speak in an unfriendly tone; ”She barked into the dictaphone”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 4 / 197
  5. 5. bawl verb –1. (8) bawl, bellow – (shout loudly and without restraint) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 5 / 197
  6. 6. bay noun –1. (7) bay, embayment – (an indentation of a shoreline larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf) verb –1. (1) bay – (utter in deep prolonged tones) adj –. bay – ((used of animals especially a horse) of a moderate reddish-brown color) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 6 / 197
  7. 7. beat noun –1. (1) beat, round – (a regular route for a sentry or policeman; ”in the old days a policeman walked a beat and knew all his people by name”) verb –1. (18) beat, beat out, crush, shell, trounce, vanquish – (come out better in a competition, race, or conflict; ”Agassi beat Becker in the tennis championship”; ”We beat the competition”; ”Harvard defeated Yale in the last football game”) adj –. all in, beat, bushed, dead – (very tired; ”was all in at the end of the day”; ”so beat I could flop down and go to sleep anywhere”; ”bushed after all that exercise”; ”I’m dead after that long trip”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 7 / 197
  8. 8. bell noun –1. (9) bell – (a hollow device made of metal that makes a ringing sound when struck) verb –. bell – (attach a bell to; ”bell cows”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 8 / 197
  9. 9. bellow noun –1. (2) bellow, bellowing, holla, holler, hollering, hollo, holloa, roar, roaring, yowl – (a very loud utterance (like the sound of an animal); ”his bellow filled the hallway”) verb –1. (10) bawl, bellow – (shout loudly and without restraint ) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 9 / 197
  10. 10. blab verb –1. (1) spill the beans, let the cat out of the bag, talk, tattle, blab, peach, babble, sing, babble out, blab out – (divulge confidential information or secrets; ”Be careful–his secretary talks”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 10 / 197
  11. 11. blabbermouth noun –. tattletale, tattler, taleteller, talebearer, telltale, blabbermouth – (someone who gossips indiscreetly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 11 / 197
  12. 12. blare noun –. (1) blare, blaring, cacophony, clamor, din – (a loud harsh or strident noise) verb –1. (1) blast, blare – (make a strident sound; ”She tended to blast when speaking into a microphone”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 12 / 197
  13. 13. blast noun –1. (2) blast – (a very long fly ball) verb –1. (3) blast, blare – (make a strident sound; ”She tended to blast when speaking into a microphone”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 13 / 197
  14. 14. blubber noun –1. blubber – (an insulating layer of fat under the skin of whales and other large marine mammals; used as a source of oil) verb –1. (1) snivel, sniffle, blubber, blub, snuffle – (cry or whine with snuffling; ”Stop snivelling–you got yourself into this mess!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 14 / 197
  15. 15. boom noun –1. (2) boom, roar, roaring, thunder – (a deep prolonged loud noise) verb –1. (5) boom, din – (make a resonant sound, like artillery; ”His deep voice boomed through the hall”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 15 / 197
  16. 16. bray noun –. bray – (the cry of an ass) verb –1. hee-haw, bray – (braying characteristic of donkeys) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 16 / 197
  17. 17. buzz noun –1. (1) buzz, bombilation, bombination – (sound of rapid vibration; ”the buzz of a bumble bee”) verb –1. (4) buzz, bombinate, bombilate – (make a buzzing sound; ”bees were buzzing around the hive”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 17 / 197
  18. 18. cackle noun –1. cackle – (the sound made by a hen after laying an egg) verb –1. (2) cackle – (talk or utter in a cackling manner; ”The women cackled when they saw the movie star step out of the limousine”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 18 / 197
  19. 19. caw noun –. caw – (the sound made by corvine birds) verb –. (1) caw – (utter a cry, characteristic of crows, rooks, or ravens) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 19 / 197
  20. 20. chant noun –. chant – (a repetitive song in which as many syllables as necessary are assigned to a single tone) verb –1. (6) chant, intone, intonate, cantillate – (recite with musical intonation; recite as a chant or a psalm; ”The rabbi chanted a prayer”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 20 / 197
  21. 21. chatter noun –1. (2) yak, yack, yakety-yak, chatter, cackle – (noisy talk) verb –1. (1) chatter, click – (click repeatedly or uncontrollabl y; ”Chattering teeth”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 21 / 197
  22. 22. cheep noun –. cheep, peep – (the short weak cry of a young bird) verb –. peep, cheep, chirp, chirrup – (make high-pitched sounds; ”the birds were chirping in the bushes”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 22 / 197
  23. 23. cheer noun –1. (14) cheer – (a cry or shout of approval) verb –1. (1) cheer, hearten, recreate, embolden – (give encourag ement to) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 23 / 197
  24. 24. chime noun –. chime, bell, gong – (a percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned bells that are struck with a hammer; used as an orchestral instrument) verb –. chime – (emit a sound; ”bells and gongs chimed”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 24 / 197
  25. 25. chirp noun –. chirp – (a sharp sound made by small birds or insects) verb –1. (1) peep, cheep, chirp, chirrup – (make high-pitched sounds; ”the birds were chirping in the bushes”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 25 / 197
  26. 26. chuckle noun –. (1) chortle, chuckle – (a soft partly suppressed laugh) verb –. (8) chuckle, chortle, laugh softly – (laugh quietly or with restraint) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 26 / 197
  27. 27. clack noun –1. clack, clap – (a sharp abrupt noise as if two objects hit together; may be repeated) verb –1. clatter, clack, brattle – (make a rattling sound; ”clattering dishes”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 27 / 197
  28. 28. clamor noun –1. (5) blare, blaring, cacophony, clamor, din – (a loud harsh or strident noise) verb –1. (5) clamor, clamour – (make loud demands; ”he clamored for justice and tolerance”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 28 / 197
  29. 29. clang noun –. (1) clang, clangor, clangour, clangoring, clank, clash, crash – (a loud resonant repeating noise; ”he could hear the clang of distant bells”) verb –. (3) clang, clangor – (make a loud noise; ”clanging metal”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 29 / 197
  30. 30. clank noun –. clang, clangor, clangour, clangoring, clank, clash, crash – (a loud resonant repeating noise; ”he could hear the clang of distant bells”) verb –. (1) clank – (make a clank; ”the train clanked through the village”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 30 / 197
  31. 31. clink noun –1. chink, click, clink – (a short light metallic sound) verb –1. (1) clink – (make a high sound typical of glass; ”champagne glasses clinked to make a toast”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 31 / 197
  32. 32. cluck noun –. (2) cluck, clucking – (the sound made by a hen (as in calling her chicks)) verb –. (3) cluck, click, clack – (make a clucking sounds, characteristic of hens) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 32 / 197
  33. 33. converse noun –. converse – (a proposition obtained by conversion) verb –. (5) converse, discourse – (carry on a conversation) adj –1. converse – (of words so related that one reverses the relation denoted by the other; ”‘parental’ and ‘filial’ are converse terms”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 33 / 197
  34. 34. coo noun –. coo – (the sound made by a pigeon) verb –1. coo – (speak softly or lovingly; ”The mother who held her baby was cooing softly”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 34 / 197
  35. 35. crackle noun –1. (2) crackle, crackling, crepitation – (the sharp sound of snapping noises) verb –1. (2) crepitate, crackle – (make a crackling sound; ”My Rice Krispies crackled in the bowl”) adj –. crackle – (having the surface decorated with a network of fine cracks, as in crackleware; ”a crackle glaze”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 35 / 197
  36. 36. crash noun –1. (9) clang, clangor, clangour, clangoring, clank, clash, crash – (a loud resonant repeating noise; ”he could hear the clang of distant bells”) verb –1. (9) crash – (fall or come down violently; ”The branch crashed down on my car”; ”The plane crashed in the sea”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 36 / 197
  37. 37. creak noun –. creak, creaking – (a squeaking sound; ”the creak of the floorboards gave him away”) verb –. (9) whine, squeak, screech, creak, screak, skreak – (make a high-pitched, screeching noise; ”The door creaked when I opened it slowly”; ”My car engine makes a whining noise”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 37 / 197
  38. 38. croak noun –. croak, croaking – (a harsh hoarse utterance (as of a frog)) verb –1. (1) die, decease, perish, go, exit, pass away, expire, pass, kick the bucket, cash in one’s chips, buy the farm, conk, give-up the ghost, drop dead, pop off, choke, croak, snuff it – (pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life; ”She died from cancer”; ”The children perished in the fire”; ”The patient went peacefully”; ”The old guy kicked the bucket at the age of 102”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 38 / 197
  39. 39. croon verb –. (4) croon – (sing softly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 39 / 197
  40. 40. crow noun –1. (2) crow – (black birds having a raucous call) verb –1. (2) gloat, triumph, crow – (dwell on with satisfaction) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 40 / 197
  41. 41. crunch noun –1. (1) crunch – (the sound of something crunching; ”he heard the crunch of footsteps on the gravel path”) verb –1. (1) crunch, scranch, scraunch, crackle – (make a crushing noise; ”his shoes were crunching on the gravel”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 41 / 197
  42. 42. cry noun –1. (13) cry, outcry, call, yell, shout, vociferation – (a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition; ”the speaker was interrupted by loud cries from the rear of the audience”) verb –1. (17) shout, shout out, cry, call, yell, scream, holler, hollo, squall – (utter a sudden loud cry; ”she cried with pain when the doctor inserted the needle”; ”I yelled to her from the window but she couldn’t hear me”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 42 / 197
  43. 43. deaf noun –. (2) deaf – (people who have severe hearing impairments; ”many of the deaf use sign language”) verb –. deafen, deaf – (make or render deaf; ”a deafening noise”) adj –1. (7) deaf – (lacking or deprived of the sense of hearing wholly or in part) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 43 / 197
  44. 44. deafening verb –1. deafen – (be unbearably loud; ”a deafening noise”) adj –. (1) deafening, earsplitting, thunderous, thundery – (loud enough to cause (temporary) hearing loss) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 44 / 197
  45. 45. din noun –1. (9) blare, blaring, cacophony, clamor, din – (a loud harsh or strident noise) verb –1. (1) boom, din – (make a resonant sound, like artillery; ”His deep voice boomed through the hall”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 45 / 197
  46. 46. drawl noun –. (1) drawl – (a slow speech pattern with prolonged vowels) verb –. (1) drawl – (lengthen and slow down or draw out; ”drawl one’s vowels”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 46 / 197
  47. 47. drone noun –1. (2) drone – (stingless male bee in a colony of social bees (especially honeybees) whose sole function is to mate with the queen) verb –1. drone – (make a monotonous low dull sound; ”The harmonium was droning on”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 47 / 197
  48. 48. dumb adj –1. (9) dense, dim, dull, dumb, obtuse, slow – (slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity; ”so dense he never understands anything I say to him”; ”never met anyone quite so dim”; ”although dull at classical learning, at mathematics he was uncommonly quick”- Thackeray; ”dumb officials make some really dumb decisions”; ”he was either normally stupid or being deliberately obtuse”; ”worked with the slow students”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 48 / 197
  49. 49. eavesdrop verb –. listen in, eavesdrop – (listen without the speaker’s knowledge; ”the jealous man was eavesdropping on his wife’s conversati ons”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 49 / 197
  50. 50. echo noun –1. (5) echo, reverberation, sound reflection, replication – (the repetition of a sound resulting from reflection of the sound waves; ”she could hear echoes of her own footsteps”) verb –1. (5) repeat, echo – (to say again or imitate; ”followers echoing the cries of their leaders”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 50 / 197
  51. 51. fizz noun –. fizz – (an effervescent beverage (usually alcoholic)) verb –. foam, froth, fizz, effervesce, sparkle, form bubbles – (become bubbly or frothy or foaming; ”The boiling soup was frothing ”; ”The river was foaming”; ”Sparkling water”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 51 / 197
  52. 52. gab noun –. chitchat, chit-chat, chit chat, small talk, gab, gabfest, gossip, tittle-tattle, chin wag, chin-wag, chin wagging, chin-wagging, causerie – (light informal conversation for social occasions) verb –. yak, gab – (talk profusely; ”she was yakking away about her grandchildren”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 52 / 197
  53. 53. gabble noun –. jabber, jabbering, gabble – (rapid and indistinct speech) verb –. (1) chatter, piffle, palaver, prate, tittle-tattle, twaddle, clack, maunder, prattle, blab, gibber, tattle, blabber, gabble – (speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 53 / 197
  54. 54. giggle noun –. (1) giggle – (a foolish or nervous laugh) verb –. (4) giggle, titter – (laugh nervously; ”The girls giggled when the rock star came into the classroom”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 54 / 197
  55. 55. gobble noun –. gobble – (the characteristic sound made by a turkey cock) verb –1. (2) gobble, bolt – (eat hastily without proper chewing; ”Don’t bolt your food!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 55 / 197
  56. 56. gong noun –1. gong, tam-tam – (a percussion instrument consisting of a metal plate that is struck with a softheaded drumstick) verb –. gong – (sound a gong) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 56 / 197
  57. 57. gossip noun –1. (3) chitchat, chit-chat, chit chat, small talk, gab, gabfest, gossip, tittle-tattle, chin wag, chin-wag, chin wagging, chin-wagging, causerie – (light informal conversation for social occasions) verb –1. dish the dirt, gossip – (wag one’s tongue; speak about others and reveal secrets or intimacies; ”She won’t dish the dirt”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 57 / 197
  58. 58. groan noun –. (2) groan, moan – (an utterance expressing pain or disapproval) verb –. (7) groan, moan – (indicate pain, discomfort, or displeasure; ”The students groaned when the professor got out the exam booklets”; ”The ancient door soughed when opened”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 58 / 197
  59. 59. growl noun –. (1) growl, growling – (the sound of growling (as made by animals)) verb –. (4) grumble, growl, rumble – (to utter or emit low dull rumbling sounds; ”he grumbled a rude response”; ”Stones grumbled down the cliff”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 59 / 197
  60. 60. gruff adj –1. (1) crusty, curmudgeonly, gruff, ill-humored, ill-humoure d – (brusque and surly and forbidding; ”crusty remarks”; ”a crusty old man”; ”his curmudgeonly temper”; ”gruff manner”; ”a gruff reply”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 60 / 197
  61. 61. grumble noun –1. (1) rumble, rumbling, grumble, grumbling – (a loud low dull continuous noise; ”they heard the rumbling of thunder”) verb –1. (5) grouch, grumble, scold – (show one’s unhappiness or critical attitude; ”He scolded about anything that he thought was wrong”; ”We grumbled about the increased work load”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 61 / 197
  62. 62. grunt noun –1. (2) grunt, oink – (the short low gruff noise of the kind made by hogs) verb –. (11) grunt – (issue a grunting, low, animal-like noise; ”He grunted his reluctant approval”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 62 / 197
  63. 63. gurgle noun –. gurgle – (the bubbling sound of water flowing from a bottle with a narrow neck) verb –1. ripple, babble, guggle, burble, bubble, gurgle – (flow in an irregular current with a bubbling noise; ”babbling brooks”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 63 / 197
  64. 64. harmony noun –1. (6) harmony, harmoniousness – (compatibility in opinion and action) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 64 / 197
  65. 65. hear verb –1. (275) hear – (perceive (sound) via the auditory sense) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 65 / 197
  66. 66. hiss noun –1. hiss, hissing, hushing, fizzle, sibilation – (a fricative sound (especially as an expression of disapproval); ”the performers could not be heard over the hissing of the audience”) verb –1. (1) hiss, siss, sizz, sibilate – (make a sharp hissing sound, as if to show disapproval) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 66 / 197
  67. 67. hoarse adj –. (7) gruff, hoarse, husky – (deep and harsh sounding as if from shouting or illness or emotion; ”gruff voices”; ”the dog’s gruff barking”; ”hoarse cries”; ”makes all the instruments sound powerful but husky”- Virgil Thomson) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 67 / 197
  68. 68. honk noun –. honk – (the cry of a goose (or any sound resembling this)) verb –1. honk, blare, beep, claxon, toot – (make a loud noise; ”The horns of the taxis blared”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 68 / 197
  69. 69. hoot noun –1. (1) hoot – (a loud raucous cry (as of an owl)) verb –1. (3) hoot – (to utter a loud clamorous shout; ”the toughs and blades of the city hoot and bang their drums, drink arak, play dice, and dance”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 69 / 197
  70. 70. howl noun –1. (10) howl, howling, ululation – (a long loud emotional utterance; ”he gave a howl of pain”; ”howls of laughter”; ”their howling had no effect”) verb –1. (3) howl, ululate, wail, roar, yawl, yaup – (emit long loud cries; ”wail in self-pity”; ”howl with sorrow”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 70 / 197
  71. 71. hubbub noun –. (1) hubbub, uproar, brouhaha, katzenjammer – (loud confused noise from many sources) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 71 / 197
  72. 72. hullabaloo noun –. agitation, excitement, turmoil, upheaval, hullabaloo – (disturbance usually in protest) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 72 / 197
  73. 73. hum noun –1. busyness, hum – (the state of being or appearing to be actively engaged in an activity; ”they manifested all the busyness of a pack of beavers”; ”there is a constant hum of military preparation”) verb –1. (4) hum – (sing with closed lips; ”She hummed a melody”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 73 / 197
  74. 74. hush noun –. (1) hush, stillness, still – ((poetic) tranquil silence; ”the still of the night”) verb –1. (2) hush – (become quiet or still; fall silent; ”hush my baby!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 74 / 197
  75. 75. jabber noun –. jabber, jabbering, gabble – (rapid and indistinct speech) verb –. (2) rant, mouth off, jabber, spout, rabbit on, rave – (talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 75 / 197
  76. 76. jangle noun –. jingle, jangle – (a metallic sound; ”the jingle of coins”; ”the jangle of spurs”) verb –. (1) jingle, jingle-jangle, jangle – (make a sound typical of metallic objects; ”The keys were jingling in his pocket”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 76 / 197
  77. 77. jaw noun –1. (9) jaw – (the part of the skull of a vertebrate that frames the mouth and holds the teeth) verb –1. (1) chew the fat, shoot the breeze, chat, confabulate, confab, chitchat, chit-chat, chatter, chaffer, natter, gossip, jaw, claver, visit – (talk socially without exchanging too much information; ”the men were sitting in the cafe and shooting the breeze”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 77 / 197
  78. 78. jeer noun –. jeer, jeering, mockery, scoff, scoffing – (showing your contempt by derision) verb –. (3) jeer, scoff, flout, barrack, gibe – (laugh at with contempt and derision; ”The crowd jeered at the speaker”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 78 / 197
  79. 79. jingle noun –1. jingle, jangle – (a metallic sound; ”the jingle of coins”; ”the jangle of spurs”) verb –. (1) jingle, jingle-jangle, jangle – (make a sound typical of metallic objects; ”The keys were jingling in his pocket”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 79 / 197
  80. 80. knock noun –1. (2) knock, knocking – (the sound of knocking (as on a door or in an engine or bearing); ”the knocking grew louder”) verb –1. (7) knock, strike hard – (deliver a sharp blow or push :”He knocked the glass clear across the room”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 80 / 197
  81. 81. laugh noun –1. (16) laugh, laughter – (the sound of laughing) verb –. (64) laugh, express joy, express mirth – (produce laughter) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 81 / 197
  82. 82. laughter noun –1. (15) laugh, laughter – (the sound of laughing) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 82 / 197
  83. 83. lecture noun –1. (8) lecture, public lecture, talk – (a speech that is open to the public; ”he attended a lecture on telecommunications”) verb –1. (4) lecture, talk – (deliver a lecture or talk; ”She will talk at Rutgers next week”; ”Did you ever lecture at Harvard?”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 83 / 197
  84. 84. lisp noun –1. lisp – (a speech defect that involves pronouncing ‘s’ like voiceless ‘th’ and ‘z’ like voiced ‘th’) verb –. lisp – (speak with a lisp) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 84 / 197
  85. 85. listen verb –1. (60) listen – (hear with intention; ”Listen to the sound of this cello”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 85 / 197
  86. 86. loud adj –1. (50) loud – (characterized by or producing sound of great volume or intensity; ”a group of loud children”; ”loud thunder”; ”her voice was too loud”; ”loud trombones”) adv –. (1) loudly, loud, aloud – (with relatively high volume; ”the band played loudly”; ”she spoke loudly and angrily”; ”he spoke loud enough for those at the back of the room to hear him”; ”cried aloud for help”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 86 / 197
  87. 87. low noun –1. low, depression – (an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation; ”a low moved in over night bringing sleet and snow”) verb –. moo, low – (make a low noise, characteristic of bovines) adj –1. (55) low – (less than normal in degree or intensity or amount; ”low prices”; ”the reservoir is low”) adv –. (3) low – (in a low position; near the ground; ”the branches hung low”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 87 / 197
  88. 88. melody noun –1. (8) tune, melody, air, strain, melodic line, line, melodic phrase – (a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; ”she was humming an air from Beethoven”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 88 / 197
  89. 89. melodious adj –1. (1) tuneful, melodious – (having a musical sound; especially a pleasing tune) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 89 / 197
  90. 90. mew noun –1. meow, mew, miaou, miaow, miaul – (the sound made by a cat (or any sound resembling this)) verb –1. (1) meow, mew – (cry like a cat; ”the cat meowed”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 90 / 197
  91. 91. moan noun –. (1) groan, moan – (an utterance expressing pain or disapproval) verb –. (3) groan, moan – (indicate pain, discomfort, or displeasure; ”The students groaned when the professor got out the exam booklets”; ”The ancient door soughed when opened”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 91 / 197
  92. 92. monotone noun –1. (1) monotone, drone, droning – (an unchanging intonatio n) adj –1. (2) monotonic, monotone – (of a sequence or function; consistently increasing and never decreasing or consistently decreasin g and never increasing in value) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 92 / 197
  93. 93. monotonous adj –1. (2) humdrum, monotonous – (tediously repetitious or lacking in variety; ”a humdrum existence; all work and no play”; ”nothing is so monotonous as the sea”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 93 / 197
  94. 94. moo noun –. moo – (the sound made by a cow or bull) verb –. (1) moo, low – (make a low noise, characteristic of bovines) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 94 / 197
  95. 95. mum noun –1. florist’s chrysanthemum, florists’ chrysanthemum, mum, Dendranthema grandifloruom, Chrysanthemum morifolium – (of China) adj –. (1) mum, silent – (failing to speak or communicate etc when expected to; ”the witness remained silent”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 95 / 197
  96. 96. mumble noun –. mumble – (a soft indistinct utterance) verb –1. (6) mumble, mutter, maunder, mussitate – (talk indistin ctly; usually in a low voice) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 96 / 197
  97. 97. murmur noun –1. (2) mutter, muttering, murmur, murmuring, murmuration, mussitation – (a low continuous indistinct sound; often accompanied by movement of the lips without the production of articulate speech) verb –1. (15) murmur – (speak softly or indistinctly; ”She murmured softly to the baby in her arms”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 97 / 197
  98. 98. mute noun –1. mute, deaf-mute, deaf-and-dumb person – (a deaf person who is unable to speak) verb –. muffle, mute, dull, damp, dampen, tone down – (deaden (a sound or noise), especially by wrapping) adj –1. (3) mute, tongueless, unspoken, wordless – (expressed without speech; ”a mute appeal”; ”a silent curse”; ”best grief is tongueless”- Emily Dickinson; ”the words stopped at her lips unsounded”; ”unspoken grief”; ”choking exasperation and wordless shame”- Thomas Wolfe) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 98 / 197
  99. 99. mutter noun –1. mutter, muttering, murmur, murmuring, murmuration, mussitation – (a low continuous indistinct sound; often accompanied by movement of the lips without the production of articulate speech) verb –1. (19) mumble, mutter, maunder, mussitate – (talk indistinctly; usually in a low voice) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 99 / 197
  100. 100. neigh noun –. neigh, nicker, whicker, whinny – (the characteristic sounds made by a horse) verb –. neigh, nicker, whicker, whinny – (make a characteristic sound, of a horse) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 100 / 197
  101. 101. noise noun –1. (43) noise – (sound of any kind (especially unintelligi ble or dissonant sound); ”he enjoyed the street noises”; ”they heard indistinct noises of people talking”; ”during the firework display that ended the gala the noise reached 98 decibels”) verb –. make noise, resound, noise – (emit a noise) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 101 / 197
  102. 102. noisy adj –1. (4) noisy – (full of or characterized by loud and nonmusical sounds; ”a noisy cafeteria”; ”a small noisy dog”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 102 / 197
  103. 103. overhear verb –. (8) catch, take in, overhear – (hear, usually without the knowledge of the speakers; ”We overheard the conversation at the next table”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 103 / 197
  104. 104. patter noun –1. (2) spiel, patter, line of gab – (plausible glib talk (especially useful to a salesperson)) verb –1. sprinkle, spit, spatter, patter, pitter-patter – (rain gently; ”It has only sprinkled, but the roads are slick”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 104 / 197
  105. 105. peal noun –. (1) peal, pealing, roll, rolling – (a deep prolonged sound (as of thunder or large bells)) verb –1. peal – (ring recurrently; ”bells were pealing”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 105 / 197
  106. 106. peep noun –1. cheep, peep – (the short weak cry of a young bird) verb –1. (1) peep – (look furtively; ”He peeped at the woman through the window”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 106 / 197
  107. 107. pitch noun –1. (5) pitch – (the property of sound that varies with variation in the frequency of vibration) verb –1. (6) flip, toss, sky, pitch – (throw or toss with a light motion; ”flip me the beachball”; ”toss me newspaper”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 107 / 197
  108. 108. plunk noun –1. plunk – (a hollow twanging sound) verb –1. (1) clop, clump, clunk, plunk – (make or move along with a sound as of a horse’s hooves striking the ground) adv –. plop, plunk – (with a short hollow thud; ”plop came the ball down to the corner of the green”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 108 / 197
  109. 109. pop noun –1. (1) dad, dada, daddy, pa, papa, pappa, pop – (an informal term for a father; probably derived from baby talk) verb –1. (3) start, protrude, pop, pop out, bulge, bulge out, bug out, come out – (bulge outward; ”His eyes popped”) adj –. popular, pop – ((of music or art) new and of general appeal (especially among young people)) adv –. pop – (like a pop or with a pop; ”everything went pop”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 109 / 197
  110. 110. prattle noun –. prate, prattle, idle talk, blether, chin music – (idle or foolish and irrelevant talk) verb –. (1) chatter, piffle, palaver, prate, tittle-tattle, twaddle, clack, maunder, prattle, blab, gibber, tattle, blabber, gabble – (speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 110 / 197
  111. 111. preach verb –1. (9) preach, prophesy – (deliver a sermon; ”The minister is not preaching this Sunday”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 111 / 197
  112. 112. purr noun –. purr – (a low vibrating sound typical of a contented cat) verb –1. whizz, whiz, whirr, whir, birr, purr – (make a soft swishing sound; ”the motor whirred”; ”the car engine purred”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 112 / 197
  113. 113. quack noun –1. (14) quack – (an untrained person who pretends to be a physician and who dispenses medical advice) verb –1. (1) quack – (utter quacking noises; ”The ducks quacked” ) adj –. (4) quack – (medically unqualified; ”a quack doctor”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 113 / 197
  114. 114. quiet noun –1. (1) lull, quiet – (a period of calm weather; ”there was a lull in the storm”) verb –1. (1) quieten, hush, quiet, quiesce, quiet down, pipe down – (become quiet or quieter; ”The audience fell silent when the speaker entered”) adj –1. (13) quiet – (characterized by an absence or near absence of agitation or activity; ”a quiet life”; ”a quiet throng of onlookers”; ”quiet peace-loving people”; ”the factions remained quiet for almost 10 years”) adv –. (1) quietly, quiet – (with little or no activity or no agitation (‘quiet’ is a nonstandard variant for ‘quietly’); ”her hands rested quietly in her lap”; ”the rock star was quietly led out the back door”; ”sit here as quiet as you can”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 114 / 197
  115. 115. racket noun –1. (3) racket – (a loud and disturbing noise) verb –1. revel, racket, make whoopie, make merry, make happy, whoop it up, jollify, wassail – (celebrate noisily, often indulging in drinking; engage in uproarious festivities; ”The members of the wedding party made merry all night”; ”Let’s whoop it up–the boss is gone!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 115 / 197
  116. 116. rant noun –1. harangue, rant, ranting – (a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion) verb –. rant, mouth off, jabber, spout, rabbit on, rave – (talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 116 / 197
  117. 117. rap noun –1. (1) blame, rap – (a reproach for some lapse or misdeed; ”he took the blame for it”; ”it was a bum rap”) verb –1. (5) rap, knap – (strike sharply; ”rap him on the knuckles”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 117 / 197
  118. 118. rasp noun –1. (1) rasp, rasping – (uttering in an irritated tone) verb –1. rasp – (scrape with a rasp) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 118 / 197
  119. 119. rattle noun –1. (3) rattle, rattling, rale – (a rapid series of short loud sounds (as might be heard with a stethoscope in some types of respiratory disorders); ”the death rattle”) verb –1. (4) rattle – (make short successive sounds) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 119 / 197
  120. 120. rave noun –1. rave – (a dance party that lasts all night and electron ically synthesized music is played; ”raves are very popular in Berlin”) verb –1. rave – (participate in an all-night techno dance party) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 120 / 197
  121. 121. recite verb –1. (2) declaim, recite – (recite in elocution) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 121 / 197
  122. 122. rhythm noun –1. (7) rhythm, beat, musical rhythm – (the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music; ”the piece has a fast rhythm”; ”the conducto r set the beat”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 122 / 197
  123. 123. ring noun –1. (4) ring – (a characteristic sound; ”it has the ring of sincerity”) verb –1. (15) ring, peal – (sound loudly and sonorously; ”the bells rang”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 123 / 197
  124. 124. ripple noun –1. (4) ripple, rippling, riffle, wavelet – (a small wave on the surface of a liquid) verb –1. (2) ripple, ruffle, riffle, cockle, undulate – (stir up (water) so as to form ripples) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 124 / 197
  125. 125. roar noun –1. (13) boom, roar, roaring, thunder – (a deep prolonged loud noise) verb –1. (15) roar, howl – (make a loud noise, as of wind, water, or vehicles; ”The wind was howling in the trees”; ”The water roared down the chute”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 125 / 197
  126. 126. roll noun –1. (2) axial rotation, axial motion, roll – (rotary motion of an object around its own axis; ”wheels in axial rotation”) verb –1. (22) roll, turn over – (move by turning over or rotating; ”The child rolled down the hill”; ”turn over on your left side”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 126 / 197
  127. 127. rumble noun –1. (4) rumble, rumbling, grumble, grumbling – (a loud low dull continuous noise; ”they heard the rumbling of thunder”) verb –1. (3) rumble, grumble – (make a low noise; ”rumbling thunder”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 127 / 197
  128. 128. rustle noun –. (1) rustle, rustling, whisper, whispering – (a light noise, like the noise of silk clothing or leaves blowing in the wind) verb –1. (7) rustle – (make a dry crackling sound; ”rustling silk”; ”the dry leaves were rustling in the breeze”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 128 / 197
  129. 129. say noun –. say – (the chance to speak; ”let him have his say”) verb –1. (1861) state, say, tell – (express in words; ”He said that he wanted to marry her”; ”tell me what is bothering you”; ”state your opinion”; ”state your name”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 129 / 197
  130. 130. scream noun –1. (6) scream, screaming, shriek, shrieking, screech, screeching – (sharp piercing cry; ”her screaming attracted the neighbors”) verb –1. (25) shout, shout out, cry, call, yell, scream, holler, hollo, squall – (utter a sudden loud cry; ”she cried with pain when the doctor inserted the needle”; ”I yelled to her from the window but she couldn’t hear me”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 130 / 197
  131. 131. screech noun –1. (1) screech, screeching, shriek, shrieking, scream, screaming – (a high-pitched noise resembling a human cry; ”he ducked at the screechings of shells”; ”he heard the scream of the brakes”) verb –1. (5) whine, squeak, screech, creak, screak, skreak – (make a high-pitched, screeching noise; ”The door creaked when I opened it slowly”; ”My car engine makes a whining noise”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 131 / 197
  132. 132. shriek noun –1. (4) scream, screaming, shriek, shrieking, screech, screeching – (sharp piercing cry; ”her screaming attracted the neighbors”) verb –. (4) shriek, shrill, pipe up, pipe – (utter a shrill cry) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 132 / 197
  133. 133. shrill verb –. (2) shriek, shrill, pipe up, pipe – (utter a shrill cry) adj –1. (9) shrill, sharp – (having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones ; ”a shrill whistle”; ”a shrill gaiety”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 133 / 197
  134. 134. shout noun –. (3) cry, outcry, call, yell, shout, vociferation – (a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition; ”the speaker was interrupted by loud cries from the rear of the audience”) verb –1. (39) shout – (utter in a loud voice; talk in a loud voice (usually denoting characteristic manner of speaking); ”My grandmother is hard of hearing–you’ll have to shout”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 134 / 197
  135. 135. silent adj –1. (18) silent, soundless, still – (marked by absence of sound; ”a silent house”; ”soundless footsteps on the grass”; ”the night was still”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 135 / 197
  136. 136. silence noun –1. (12) silence – (the state of being silent (as when no one is speaking); ”there was a shocked silence”; ”he gestured for silence”) verb –1. (4) hush, quieten, silence, still, shut up, hush up – (cause to be quiet or not talk; ”Please silence the children in the church!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 136 / 197
  137. 137. sing verb –1. (46) sing – (deliver by singing; ”Sing Christmas carols”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 137 / 197
  138. 138. singsong noun –1. (1) singsong – (a regular and monotonous rising and falling intonation) verb –1. (1) singsong – (speak, chant, or declaim in a singsong) adj –. chantlike, intoned, singsong – (uttered in a monotonous cadence or rhythm as in chanting; ”their chantlike intoned prayers”; ”a singsong manner of speaking”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 138 / 197
  139. 139. siren noun –1. Siren – (a sea nymph (part woman and part bird) supposed to lure sailors to destruction on the rocks where the nymphs lived; ”Odysseus ordered his crew to plug their ears so they would not hear the Siren’s fatal song”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 139 / 197
  140. 140. sizzle noun –. sizzle – (a sizzling noise) verb –1. (1) sizzle – (make a sound like frying fat) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 140 / 197
  141. 141. slam noun –1. slam, sweep – (winning all or all but one of the tricks in bridge) verb –1. (8) slam, bang – (close violently; ”He slammed the door shut”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 141 / 197
  142. 142. smack noun –1. slap, smack – (a blow from a flat object (as an open hand)) verb –1. (2) smack, thwack – (deliver a hard blow to; ”The teacher smacked the student who had misbehaved”) adv –. bang, slap, slapdash, smack, bolt – (directly; ”he ran bang into the pole”; ”ran slap into her”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 142 / 197
  143. 143. snarl noun –1. (1) snarl – (a vicious angry growl) verb –1. (6) snap, snarl – (utter in an angry, sharp, or abrupt tone; ”The sales clerk snapped a reply at the angry customer”; ”The guard snarled at us”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 143 / 197
  144. 144. snort noun –1. snicker, snort, snigger – (a disrespectful laugh) verb –1. (3) snort – (indicate contempt by breathing noisily and forcefully through the nose; ”she snorted her disapproval of the proposed bridegroom”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 144 / 197
  145. 145. snuffle noun –. snuffle, sniffle, snivel – (the act of breathing heavily through the nose (as when the nose is congested)) verb –1. snuff, snuffle – (sniff or smell inquiringly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 145 / 197
  146. 146. song noun –1. (46) song, vocal – (a short musical composition with words; ”a successful musical must have at least three good songs”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 146 / 197
  147. 147. sound noun –1. (36) sound – (the particular auditory effect produced by a given cause; ”the sound of rain on the roof”; ”the beautiful sound of music”) verb –1. (38) sound – (appear in a certain way; ”This sounds interesting”) adj –1. (8) sound – (financially secure and safe; ”sound investments”; ”a sound economy”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 147 / 197
  148. 148. soundless adj –. silent, soundless, still – (marked by absence of sound; ”a silent house”; ”soundless footsteps on the grass”; ”the night was still”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 148 / 197
  149. 149. speak verb –1. (86) talk, speak, utter, mouth, verbalize, verbalise – (express in speech; ”She talks a lot of nonsense”; ”This depressed patient does not verbalize”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 149 / 197
  150. 150. speech noun –1. (16) address, speech – (the act of delivering a formal spoken communication to an audience; ”he listened to an address on minor Roman poets”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 150 / 197
  151. 151. speechless adj –. speechless, dumb – (temporarily incapable of speaking; ”struck dumb”; ”speechless with shock”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 151 / 197
  152. 152. splash noun –1. (1) splash, plash – (the sound like water splashing) verb –1. (2) sprinkle, splash, splosh – (cause (a liquid) to spatter about, especially with force; ”She splashed the water around her”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 152 / 197
  153. 153. splutter noun –1. (1) spatter, spattering, splatter, splattering, sputter, splutter, sputtering – (the noise of something spattering or sputteri ng explosively; ”he heard a spatter of gunfire”) verb –1. sputter, splutter – (utter with a spitting sound, as if in a rage) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 153 / 197
  154. 154. squall noun –. squall – (sudden violent winds; often accompanied by precipitation) verb –1. (1) squall, waul, wawl – (make high-pitched, whiney noises) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 154 / 197
  155. 155. squawk noun –1. squawk – (the noise of squawking; ”she awoke to the squawk of chickens”; ”the squawk of car horns”) verb –1. (3) squawk, screak, skreak, skreigh, screech – (utter a harsh abrupt scream) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 155 / 197
  156. 156. squeak noun –1. (1) squeak – (a short high-pitched noise; ”the squeak of shoes on powdery snow”) verb –. (3) whine, squeak, screech, creak, screak, skreak – (make a high-pitched, screeching noise; ”The door creaked when I opened it slowly”; ”My car engine makes a whining noise”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 156 / 197
  157. 157. squeal noun –. (1) squeal – (a high-pitched howl) verb –1. (2) squeal, oink – (utter a high-pitched cry, character istic of pigs) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 157 / 197
  158. 158. stammer noun –. stammer, stutter – (a speech disorder involving hesitati ons and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds) verb –. (6) bumble, stutter, stammer, falter – (speak haltingly; ”The speaker faltered when he saw his opponent enter the room”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 158 / 197
  159. 159. stereophonic adj –. (1) stereophonic, stereo, two-channel – (designating sound transmission from two sources through two channels) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 159 / 197
  160. 160. swish noun –. swish – (a brushing or rustling sound) verb –. (1) lap, swish, swosh, swoosh – (move with or cause to move with a whistling or hissing sound; ”The bubbles swoshed around in the glass”; ”The curtain swooshed open”) adj –. classy, posh, swish – (elegant and fashionable; ”classy clothes”; ”a classy dame”; ”a posh restaurant”; ”a swish pastry shop on the Rue du Bac”- Julia Child) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 160 / 197
  161. 161. tap noun –1. (3) pat, rap, tap – (the sound made by a gentle blow) verb –1. (6) tap – (cut a female screw thread with a tap) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 161 / 197
  162. 162. tattle noun –. tattle, singing, telling – (disclosing information or giving evidence about another) verb –1. chatter, piffle, palaver, prate, tittle-tattle, twaddle, clack, maunder, prattle, blab, gibber, tattle, blabber, gabble – (speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 162 / 197
  163. 163. thud noun –. (1) thump, thumping, clump, clunk, thud – (a heavy dull sound (as made by impact of heavy objects)) verb –1. (1) thud, thump – (make a dull sound; ”the knocker thudded against the front door”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 163 / 197
  164. 164. thump noun –1. thump, thumping, clump, clunk, thud – (a heavy dull sound (as made by impact of heavy objects)) verb –1. (3) beat, pound, thump – (move rhythmically; ”Her heart was beating fast”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 164 / 197
  165. 165. thunder noun –1. (8) boom, roar, roaring, thunder – (a deep prolonged loud noise) verb –1. (2) thunder – (move fast, noisily, and heavily; ”The bus thundered down the road”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 165 / 197
  166. 166. tick noun –1. (2) tick, ticking – (a metallic tapping sound; ”he counted the ticks of the clock”) verb –1. (2) click, tick – (make a clicking or ticking sound; ”The clock ticked away”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 166 / 197
  167. 167. tinkle noun –. (1) ting, tinkle – (a light clear metallic sound as of a small bell) verb –. (2) tinkle, tink, clink, chink – (make or emit a high sound; ”tinkling bells”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 167 / 197
  168. 168. tool noun –1. (15) tool – (an implement used in the practice of a vocation) verb –1. (1) tool – (drive; ”The convertible tooled down the street”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 168 / 197
  169. 169. tone noun –1. (24) tone, tone of voice – (the quality of a person’s voice; ”he began in a conversational tone”; ”he spoke in a nervous tone of voice”) verb –1. tone, chant, intone – (utter monotonously and repetitiv ely and rhythmically; ”The students chanted the same slogan over and over again”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 169 / 197
  170. 170. toot noun –1. toot – (a blast of a horn) verb –. honk, blare, beep, claxon, toot – (make a loud noise; ”The horns of the taxis blared”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 170 / 197
  171. 171. tread noun –1. (2) pace, stride, tread – (a step in walking or running) verb –1. (3) step, tread – (put down or press the foot, place the foot; ”For fools rush in where angels fear to tread”; ”step on the brake”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 171 / 197
  172. 172. trill noun –1. (3) trill, shake – (a note that alternates rapidly with another note a semitone above it) verb –1. trill – (pronounce with a trill, of the phoneme ‘r’; ”Some speakers trill their r’s”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 172 / 197
  173. 173. trumpet noun –. (1) cornet, horn, trumpet, trump – (a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone; has a narrow tube and a flared bell and is played by means of valves) verb –1. (1) trumpet – (proclaim on, or as if on, a trumpet; ”Liberals like to trumpet their opposition to the death penalty”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 173 / 197
  174. 174. tune noun –1. (12) tune, melody, air, strain, melodic line, line, melodic phrase – (a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; ”she was humming an air from Beethoven”) verb –1. (1) tune, tune up – (adjust for (better) functioning; ”tune the engine”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 174 / 197
  175. 175. twang noun –1. twang – (a sharp vibrating sound (as of a plucked string)) verb –1. twang – (cause to sound with a twang; ”He twanged the guitar string”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 175 / 197
  176. 176. twitter noun –. chirrup, twitter – (a series of chirps) verb –. chitter, twitter – (make high-pitched sounds, as of birds) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 176 / 197
  177. 177. undertow noun –1. undertow – (an inclination contrary to the strongest or prevailing feeling; ”his account had a poignant undertow of regret”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 177 / 197
  178. 178. uproar noun –1. (4) tumult, tumultuousness, uproar, garboil – (a state of commotion and noise and confusion) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 178 / 197
  179. 179. vocal noun –1. vocal music, vocal – (music intended to be performed by one or more singers, usually with instrumental accompaniment) adj –1. (1) vocal – (relating to or designed for or using the singing voice; ”vocal technique”; ”the vocal repertoire”; ”organiz ed a vocal group to sing his compositions”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 179 / 197
  180. 180. voice noun –1. (78) voice – (the distinctive quality or pitch or condition of a person’s speech; ”A shrill voice sounded behind us”) verb –1. (4) voice – (give voice to; ”He voiced his concern”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 180 / 197
  181. 181. volume noun –1. (25) volume – (the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object; ”the gas expanded to twice its original volume”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 181 / 197
  182. 182. wail noun –. (2) lament, lamentation, plaint, wail – (a cry of sorrow and grief; ”their pitiful laments could be heard throughout the ward”) verb –1. (7) howl, ululate, wail, roar, yawl, yaup – (emit long loud cries; ”wail in self-pity”; ”howl with sorrow”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 182 / 197
  183. 183. warble noun –. warble – (a lumpy abscess under the hide of domestic mammals caused by larvae of a botfly or warble fly) verb –1. (1) warble, trill, quaver – (sing or play with trills, alternating with the half note above or below) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 183 / 197
  184. 184. weep verb –. (20) cry, weep – (shed tears because of sadness, rage, or pain; ”She cried bitterly when she heard the news of his death”; ”The girl in the wheelchair wept with frustration when she could not get up the stairs”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 184 / 197
  185. 185. whimper noun –. whimper, whine – (a complaint uttered in a plaintive whining way) verb –. (1) wail, whimper, mewl, pule – (cry weakly or softly; ”she wailed with pain”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 185 / 197
  186. 186. whine noun –. whimper, whine – (a complaint uttered in a plaintive whining way) verb –1. (1) whine – (move with a whining sound; ”The bullets were whining past us”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 186 / 197
  187. 187. whiney adj –. fretful, querulous, whiney, whiny – (habitually complaini ng; ”a whiny child”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 187 / 197
  188. 188. whinny noun –. neigh, nicker, whicker, whinny – (the characteristic sounds made by a horse) verb –. (2) neigh, nicker, whicker, whinny – (make a characteris tic sound, of a horse) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 188 / 197
  189. 189. whisper noun –1. (6) whisper, whispering, susurration, voicelessness – (speaking softly without vibration of the vocal cords) verb –. (22) whisper – (speak softly; in a low voice) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 189 / 197
  190. 190. whistle noun –1. whistle, whistling – (the sound made by something moving rapidly or by steam coming out of a small aperture) verb –1. (3) whistle – (make whistling sounds; ”He lay there, snoring and whistling”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 190 / 197
  191. 191. whoop noun –. whoop – (a loud hooting cry of exultation or excitement) verb –1. (3) whoop – (shout, as if with joy or enthusiasm; ”The children whooped when they were led to the picnic table”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 191 / 197
  192. 192. yap noun –. trap, cakehole, hole, maw, yap, gob – (informal terms for the mouth) verb –. (1) yelp, yip, yap – (bark in a high-pitched tone; ”the puppies yelped”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 192 / 197
  193. 193. yell noun –1. (7) cry, outcry, call, yell, shout, vociferation – (a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition; ”the speaker was interrupted by loud cries from the rear of the audience”) verb –1. (18) shout, shout out, cry, call, yell, scream, holler, hollo, squall – (utter a sudden loud cry; ”she cried with pain when the doctor inserted the needle”; ”I yelled to her from the window but she couldn’t hear me”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 193 / 197
  194. 194. yelp noun –. (1) yip, yelp, yelping – (a sharp high-pitched cry (especially by a dog)) verb –. (3) yelp, yip, yap – (bark in a high-pitched tone; ”the puppies yelped”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 194 / 197
  195. 195. yip noun –. yip, yelp, yelping – (a sharp high-pitched cry (especial ly by a dog)) verb –. yelp, yip, yap – (bark in a high-pitched tone; ”the puppies yelped”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 195 / 197
  196. 196. yodel noun –. yodel – (a songlike cry in which the voice fluctuates rapidly between the normal voice and falsetto) verb –. yodel, warble, descant – (sing by changing register; sing by yodeling; ”The Austrians were yodeling in the mountains”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 196 / 197
  197. 197. yowl noun –. bellow, bellowing, holla, holler, hollering, hollo, holloa, roar, roaring, yowl – (a very loud utterance (like the sound of an animal); ”his bellow filled the hallway”) verb –1. howl, wrawl, yammer, yowl – (cry loudly, as of animals; ”The coyotes were howling in the desert”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 197 / 197

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