Lesson 2 Early Farmers
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Lesson 2 Early Farmers

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Lesson 2 Early Farmers Lesson 2 Early Farmers Presentation Transcript

  • Lesson 2: Early Farmers Page 18-23
  • Objective:
    • To learn about domestication and how farming changed the way of life for the Stone Age people.
  • Question of the Day
    • Put the following events in chronological order: ~ Beringia forms , ~ Ice Age ends , ~ people leave artifacts in Clovis, NM , ~ migration to North America
    • Beringia forms
    • Migration to North America
    • People leave artifacts in Clovis, NM
    • Ice Age ends
  • Vocabulary
    • Domesticate
    • Harvest
    • Agriculture
    • Technology
    • Nomad
    • Carbon dating
    • Excavation site
    The way humans produce the items they use (hint: Mr. Klumper’s SMARTboard) Method of estimating the age of something after it has died. To Tame To Gather Site where archaeologist uncover artifacts Raising of plants and animals for human use Person who travels from place to place, without permanent home
  • Excavation Site
  • Technology
  • Harvest
  • Nomad
  • Surplus
  • Domesticate
  • Stone Age
  • Old Stone Age
    • Lasted 3,490,000 Years
    • Very Little Progress Made
    • Technology slow in Old Stone Age
    • Technology Today?
  • Old Stone Age Tools
  • Then……. and Now…. 3,490,000 Years 20 years
  • New Stone Age
    • What Caused the Transition from Old Stone Age to New Stone Age?
    • Ended 5,000 years ago b/c of Metal Working
    • New Stone Age Begins:
    • Advances in Stone working
    • Polished Rock tools
    • Glaciers gone—Wild plants and food crops
    • Domesticated animals and Plants
      • Continues today
  • Early Farming: 1 st Plants
  • Early Farming
    • 1 st Plants: wheat, rice, barley (grains)
    • Seeds don’t spread
    • “Jute”: strong fibers used for
    • rope and nets
  • First Animals to be Domesticated
    • Animals produce milk and wool—Sell items
    • Animals plow fields—sell the surplus
    • Sell for What?
    Change in lifestyle
  • Skara Brae
  • Skara Brae
    • 50 people
    • Scotland
    • Raised sheep and cattle
    • Farmed
    Traded Surplus Social Division
  •  
  • How does surplus create a social division? What is a social division?