Larawan ng mga ninuno sa Pilipinas: Callao Man
Bukod sa mga Taong Tabon at mga Negritos, may
mas nauna pang ninuno ang mga Pilipino na
kamakailan lamang nadiskubre: ang mga Taong
Callao (Callao Man). [Callao = prun. "kal - lao";
Noon lamang taong 2007 ay natagpuan ang Taong
Callao sa kweba (Callao cave) ng Peñablanca,
Cagayan Valley (Region 2).
-early Homo sapiens
(the species to which
belong) that lived
about 40,000 years
Role of Artifacts
• Let us know more
about ancient cultures
• Somewhat limited –
theories have formed
to attempt to explain
• The Old Stone Age or the Paleolithic Era,
was a period of time that lasted until about
12,000 to 70,000 years ago.
•Man survived by hunting
animals and gathering roots,
berries, leaves, and seeds.
•Old Stone Age (Paleolithic Era) people
eventually began to hunt in groups.
•These antlers may have been used
as a disguise during the hunt.
•Cave Art showing
men hunting in groups
and bone tools
during the Old
Bow found in Denmark
Flint Blades used to sharpen tools
•using a flint blade to skin
•using a flint blade to butcher
There was another important
development – the discovery of
•There was another important
development – the discovery of
Many Stone Age people were Nomads,
or people who had no settled home.
• The New Stone
Age or The
about 6,000 to
• During the
settle in one
•Man began to change his diet and
eat grains and small animals.
• Agriculture is the
raising of crops and
• The development of
over a long period of
time and in more
than one place.
• People no longer
needed to travel
great distances to
• People learned how to
domesticate plants and
• To domesticate means
to train something to
be useful to people.
• Early people learned to
care for plants such as
wheat, barley, peas,
• The first farmers also
goats, cattle, and
• Man domesticated wild wheat.
wheat grains are
shown in the
• Thousands of years
ago, an ear of corn
did not make much
of a meal. (top)
• It took thousands of
years of careful
breeding for ears of
corn to reach their
present size. (bottom)
• People still used
stone, bone, and
wooden tools, but
some new tools
were added by
using copper and
•These early farming tools date back to around 8,000 years
ago. The axe, bottom, was used for clearing; flint sickles,
left, were used for harvesting cereal crops; a flat rock and
rounded stone, center, were used for grinding flour; and
perforated clay slabs, upper right, were probably used to
ventilate bread ovens.
I.I. Paleolithic Age – Old Stone Age (Est. 2 mil BC-9000 BC)Paleolithic Age – Old Stone Age (Est. 2 mil BC-9000 BC)
1.1. Hunters & GatherersHunters & Gatherers
A.A. Nomad: Moving from place to place in search for food.Nomad: Moving from place to place in search for food.
B.B. MenMen hunted & fished.hunted & fished.
C.C. WomanWoman gathered fruits, nuts, etc.gathered fruits, nuts, etc.
2. Way of Life
A. Cave paintings
B. Stone tools & pottery
C. Domesticated dogs
II.II. Neolithic Age – New Stone Age (9000 BC – 3000 BC)Neolithic Age – New Stone Age (9000 BC – 3000 BC)
1.1. FarmingFarming Neolithic RevolutionNeolithic Revolution
A.A. People could remain in one place.People could remain in one place.
B.B. Herding of animals – goats, sheep & cattle.Herding of animals – goats, sheep & cattle.
2. Community –
A. Council of Elders/Chief – made important decisions.
B. Warrior class
C. Kept possessions.
Section 1: Studying the Distant Past
• Archaeologists study prehistoric times by
examining things that early peoples left
• The study of fossils has helped
archaeologists learn about the lives of the
• Archaeological studies suggest that the
Section 2: Hunter-Gatherer Societies
• Hunter-gatherer societies moved from place
to place, hunting small animals and
gathering plants for food.
• The development of tools and the use of
fire helped the people in hunter gatherer
societies improve their lives.
• Modern humans developed the ability to
use language, which helped them to
Section 3: Populating the Earth
• By about 12,500 years ago, modern
humans had spread to many regions of the
world, including Africa, Asia, Europe,
Australia, North America, and South
• Modern humans adapted to Ice Age
conditions by building shelters and making
• By forming larger groups, modern humans
adapted in order to better hunt and defend
The Beginning of Civilization
Section 1: Early Agriculture
• Over a long time, hunter-gatherers
domesticated plants and animals, and most
groups became farmers.
• Although the Middle East was the first
center of agriculture, farming appeared in
several other parts of the world.
• Permanent farming settlements developed,
and surplus food allowed some people to
become crafts workers.