Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Q2 03 - Modern Models and Prevalence

363

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
363
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Modern Perspectives
  • 2. Modern Models
    Biological
    Psychological
    Sociocultural
    Diathesis-Stress
  • 3. Biological
    Emphasises role of:i) nervous system in mental disordersii) brain malfunctioniii) neurotransmitter imbalanceiv) genetic factors
    Many mental disorders show a high degree of concordance amongst close relatives.
    Techniques for observing brain functions have improved (MRI, PET)
  • 4. Psychological
    Often, disorders occur without any apparent underlying biological cause.
    Psychological model emphasises the role of basic psychological processes, cognitive factors, and unconscious forces and conflicts within the individual
  • 5. Sociocultural
    Emphasis on the role of social variables (external factors) as potential causes of mental disorders.
    E.g. poverty, unemployment, education, prejudice.
  • 6. How do you think living in this environment would influence your psychological health?
  • 7. Diathesis-Stress Model
    Suggests disorders result from the joint effects of:i) a predisposition for a given disorder, termed a diathesisii) stressors in an individual’s environment that tend to activate or stimulate the predisposition or vulnerability
    Other words – for various reasons, individuals show varying degrees of vulnerability to specific disorders and whether (and to what extent) it surfaces depends on the environment.
    E.g. PTSD
  • 8. Assessment and Diagnosis
    Assessment – When the psychologist gather information on a new patient (kind of problems, current conditions, responses to various psychological tests).
    Diagnosis – identification of the person’s problem(s).
    Psychologists and other mental health professionals have an agreed-upon system for describing and classifying mental disorders.
    Most widely used – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – IV (DSM-IV)
  • 9. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – IV (DSM-IV)
    Published by the American Psychiatric Association (1994).
    Designed to help all mental health practitioners correctly diagnose specific disorders.
    Describes about 250 disorders that are divided along five different categories, called axes.
    Psychologist/Psychiatrist then assesses the person on each of these axes
  • 10.
  • 11. Prevalence in Australia
    The National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing by ABS (2007)
    Sample of 8,841 respondents aged between 16 and 85.
    Women were more likely than men to have experienced symptoms of a mental disorder (22% of women compared to 18% of men) and young women reported the highest rates (30% for those women aged 16 to 24).
    Young people were much more likely to report a mental disorder in the previous twelve-months (26%) and there was a steady reduction in this rate with increasing age.
  • 12. PREVALENCE OF 12 MONTH DISORDERS
  • 13.
  • 14. SERVICE USE BY DISORDER TYPE
  • 15. SERVICE USE BY AGE AND SEX
  • 16. MEDICATION USE BY DISORDER TYPE

×