Web 2.0 - Continuing impact on Library Catalogues “Teaching the Pig to Sing” Dave Pattern, Library Systems Manager Univers...
preamble <ul><li>Presentation available at: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.slideshare.net/daveyp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Please ...
table of contents <ul><li>Does your OPAC “suck”? </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences at Huddersfield </li></ul><ul><li>Other lib...
does your OPAC “suck”?
 
2007 OPAC survey <ul><li>On a scale of 1 to 10 (where 1 is extremely unhappy and 10 is extremely happy), how happy are you...
2007 OPAC survey <ul><li>One criticism of OPACs is that they rarely have cutting edge features that our users expect from ...
the OPAC as a “pig” <ul><li>“After all, you can put lipstick on a pig, but it's still very much a pig.”    (Roy Tennant di...
pig ugly?
“kissy, kissy?”
 
experiences at Huddersfield <ul><li>Definitely not OPAC 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancements to the existing OPAC </li></ul>...
spell checker <ul><li>All OPAC keyword searches were monitored over a six month period </li></ul><ul><li>Approx  23%  of s...
spell checker
keyword suggestions (1) <ul><li>Failed keyword searches are cross referenced with answers.com to provide new search sugges...
keyword suggestions (2)
keyword suggestions (2) <ul><li>Automated suggestions can sometimes raise issues – are these suggestions inappropriate? </...
borrowing suggestions
personalised suggestions
ratings and comments
other editions <ul><li>Uses FRBR-like web services provided by OCLC and LibraryThing to locate other editions and related ...
other editions
email alerts
RSS feeds
RSS feeds
was it worth doing?
was it worth doing? <ul><li>376 active email alerts </li></ul><ul><li>113 active RSS feeds </li></ul><ul><li>846 ratings <...
other libraries
Ann Arbor District Library
 
North Carolina State University
LibraryThing for Libraries
Plymouth State University
Topeka and Shawnee County
University of Warwick
Hennepin County Library
lipstick on the pig <ul><li>“We need to focus more energy on important, systemic changes rather than cosmetic ones. If you...
doing it yourself <ul><li>Encourage suggestions from staff </li></ul><ul><li>Include users in decision making process </li...
Open Source OPACs <ul><li>Scriblio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plymouth State University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>uses WordPre...
Open Source OPACs <ul><li>fac-back-opac </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laurentian University Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>use...
web services & APIs <ul><li>Talis Platform </li></ul><ul><li>LibraryThing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>thingISBN, thingTitle, thi...
Amazon Associates Web Service <ul><li>Cover scans, reviews, recommendations, sales commission, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Alrea...
Google Book Search API <ul><li>Launched 13/Mar/2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Typically client-side implementation (rather than se...
the “traditional” vendors <ul><li>Talis Platform </li></ul><ul><li>Bowker “AquaBrowser” </li></ul><ul><li>Ex Libris “Primo...
play and  experimentation
it’s okay to play! <ul><li>“We don’t stop playing because we grow old; we grow old because we stop playing.” </li></ul><ul...
admit it, haven’t you wanted to do this in your library…
somewhere over the rainbow?
Huddersfield Public Library
never judge a book by it’s cover <ul><li>“ I borrowed a book 3 years ago that had an orange cover… can I borrow it again?”...
keyword search visualisations
eye candy
OPAC 2.0 next generation library catalogues
OPAC 2.0 <ul><li>Shopping list of features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>spell checking (“did you mean?”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
OPAC 2.0 <ul><li>Shopping list of features (cont): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>improve serendipity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ex...
2007 OPAC Survey – Features <ul><li>Please rate how important you feel the following features are to your users in a moder...
implementation of features
feature importance
importance – UK respondents
thank you! www.slideshare.net/daveyp [email_address]
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Web 2.0 - Continuing impact on Library Catalogues

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Library & Information Show presentation (24/Apr/2008)

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    http://www.daveyp.com/blog/index.php/archives/category/opac-survey/

    Also, there's an article about the survey that appeared in CILIP Update:
    http://www.cilip.org.uk/NR/exeres/CC89E0D5-77DF-44E2-989E-98D76B809B77
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  • Web 2.0 - Continuing impact on Library Catalogues

    1. 1. Web 2.0 - Continuing impact on Library Catalogues “Teaching the Pig to Sing” Dave Pattern, Library Systems Manager University of Huddersfield [email_address]
    2. 2. preamble <ul><li>Presentation available at: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.slideshare.net/daveyp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Please remix and reuse this presentation! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0 </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. table of contents <ul><li>Does your OPAC “suck”? </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences at Huddersfield </li></ul><ul><li>Other libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source and Web services </li></ul><ul><li>OPAC 2.0 </li></ul>
    4. 4. does your OPAC “suck”?
    5. 6. 2007 OPAC survey <ul><li>On a scale of 1 to 10 (where 1 is extremely unhappy and 10 is extremely happy), how happy are you with your OPAC? </li></ul><ul><li>5.1 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
    6. 7. 2007 OPAC survey <ul><li>One criticism of OPACs is that they rarely have cutting edge features that our users expect from a modern web site. </li></ul><ul><li>On a scale of 1 to 10, how well do you think your OPAC meets the needs and expectations of your users? </li></ul><ul><li>4.5 </li></ul>
    7. 8. the OPAC as a “pig” <ul><li>“After all, you can put lipstick on a pig, but it's still very much a pig.” (Roy Tennant discussing the OPAC, Library Journal , 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>“Never try to teach a pig to sing; it wastes your time and it annoys the pig.” (attrib. Robert Heinlein, author) </li></ul>
    8. 9. pig ugly?
    9. 10. “kissy, kissy?”
    10. 12. experiences at Huddersfield <ul><li>Definitely not OPAC 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancements to the existing OPAC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>user suggestions from surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“2.0” inspired features </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>borrowing good ideas from other web sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>new features launched with no/low publicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“perpetual beta” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Required staff buy-in and a willingness to experiment and take risks! </li></ul>
    11. 13. spell checker <ul><li>All OPAC keyword searches were monitored over a six month period </li></ul><ul><li>Approx 23% of searches gave zero results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>74 people entered “renew” as a keyword(!) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Users expect suggestions and prompts, not “dead end” pages that tell you to “check your spelling” </li></ul>
    12. 14. spell checker
    13. 15. keyword suggestions (1) <ul><li>Failed keyword searches are cross referenced with answers.com to provide new search suggestions </li></ul>
    14. 16. keyword suggestions (2)
    15. 17. keyword suggestions (2) <ul><li>Automated suggestions can sometimes raise issues – are these suggestions inappropriate? </li></ul>
    16. 18. borrowing suggestions
    17. 19. personalised suggestions
    18. 20. ratings and comments
    19. 21. other editions <ul><li>Uses FRBR-like web services provided by OCLC and LibraryThing to locate other editions and related works within local holdings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.oclc.org/research/projects/xisbn/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.librarything.com/api </li></ul></ul>
    20. 22. other editions
    21. 23. email alerts
    22. 24. RSS feeds
    23. 25. RSS feeds
    24. 26. was it worth doing?
    25. 27. was it worth doing? <ul><li>376 active email alerts </li></ul><ul><li>113 active RSS feeds </li></ul><ul><li>846 ratings </li></ul><ul><li>53 comments </li></ul><ul><li>personalised suggestions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>116 clicks per month (average) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>combined keyword suggestions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>753 clicks per month (average) </li></ul></ul>
    26. 28. other libraries
    27. 29. Ann Arbor District Library
    28. 31. North Carolina State University
    29. 32. LibraryThing for Libraries
    30. 33. Plymouth State University
    31. 34. Topeka and Shawnee County
    32. 35. University of Warwick
    33. 36. Hennepin County Library
    34. 37. lipstick on the pig <ul><li>“We need to focus more energy on important, systemic changes rather than cosmetic ones. If your system is more difficult to search and less effective than Amazon.com, then you have work to do. </li></ul><ul><li>After all, you can put lipstick on a pig, but it's still very much a pig.” (Roy Tennant, Library Journal , 2005) </li></ul>
    35. 38. doing it yourself <ul><li>Encourage suggestions from staff </li></ul><ul><li>Include users in decision making process </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage play and experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t be afraid to make mistakes! </li></ul><ul><li>Look widely for ideas </li></ul><ul><li>“Build crappy prototypes fast” </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor usage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>if usage is poor, rethink it or get rid of it </li></ul></ul>
    36. 39. Open Source OPACs <ul><li>Scriblio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plymouth State University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>uses WordPress blog software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>VuFind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Falvey Memorial Library, Villanova University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>uses PHP & MySQL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LibraryFind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oregon State University Libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>uses Ruby on Rails </li></ul></ul>
    37. 40. Open Source OPACs <ul><li>fac-back-opac </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laurentian University Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>uses Lucene & Solr </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project Blacklight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Virginia Libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>uses Lucene & Solr </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Source ILS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Koha </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evergreen </li></ul></ul>
    38. 41. web services & APIs <ul><li>Talis Platform </li></ul><ul><li>LibraryThing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>thingISBN, thingTitle, thingLang, data feeds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OCLC WorldCat Grid Services </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon Web Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rebranded as “Amazon Associates Web Service” with new conditions of use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google Book Search API </li></ul>
    39. 42. Amazon Associates Web Service <ul><li>Cover scans, reviews, recommendations, sales commission, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Already used by many libraries </li></ul><ul><li>However, recent change to conditions of use (19/Mar/2008) may preclude libraries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5.1.3. You are not permitted to use Amazon Associates Web Service with any Application or for any use that does not have, as its principal purpose, driving traffic to the Amazon Website and driving sales of products and services on the Amazon Website. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( AWS Customer Agreement ) </li></ul></ul>
    40. 43. Google Book Search API <ul><li>Launched 13/Mar/2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Typically client-side implementation (rather than server-side) </li></ul><ul><li>Link to GBS content: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>via ISBN, LCCNs, and OCLC numbers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>front cover thumbnails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>preview pages </li></ul></ul>
    41. 44. the “traditional” vendors <ul><li>Talis Platform </li></ul><ul><li>Bowker “AquaBrowser” </li></ul><ul><li>Ex Libris “Primo” </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative Interfaces “Encore” </li></ul><ul><li>SirsiDynix “???” </li></ul>
    42. 45. play and experimentation
    43. 46. it’s okay to play! <ul><li>“We don’t stop playing because we grow old; we grow old because we stop playing.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>attrib: George Bernard Shaw </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2007 Library & Information Show Workshop on Library 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Q: I don’t get paid to play, I get paid to work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A: So, don’t call it “play”, call it “professional development”! </li></ul></ul>
    44. 47. admit it, haven’t you wanted to do this in your library…
    45. 48. somewhere over the rainbow?
    46. 49. Huddersfield Public Library
    47. 50. never judge a book by it’s cover <ul><li>“ I borrowed a book 3 years ago that had an orange cover… can I borrow it again?” </li></ul>
    48. 51. keyword search visualisations
    49. 52. eye candy
    50. 53. OPAC 2.0 next generation library catalogues
    51. 54. OPAC 2.0 <ul><li>Shopping list of features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>spell checking (“did you mean?”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>search all library resources (inc. e-resources) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>relevancy ranking, search refining, and facets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>manual recommendations (“best bets”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>automated suggestions (based on both global and user-specific data) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>user participation (“read-write OPAC”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>foster communities of interest </li></ul></ul>
    52. 55. OPAC 2.0 <ul><li>Shopping list of features (cont): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>improve serendipity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expose hidden links between items </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APIs and Web Services to expose data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>promote unintended uses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>user personalisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>embed external data (e.g. Wikipedia, LibraryThing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS feeds and OpenSearch </li></ul></ul>
    53. 56. 2007 OPAC Survey – Features <ul><li>Please rate how important you feel the following features are to your users in a modern OPAC. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>embedding the OPAC in external sites (e.g. portals) 8.7 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ did you mean” spelling suggestions 8.6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enriched content (book covers, ToCs, etc) 8.4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RSS feeds (e.g. new books, searches, etc) 7.8 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>facetted browsing (e.g. like NCSU Library) 7.4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ people who borrowed this” suggestions 6.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>user tagging of items (i.e. folksonomy) 6.1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>user added comments and reviews 6.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>personalised suggestions (e.g. like Amazon) 5.9 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>user added ratings for items 5.7 </li></ul></ul>
    54. 57. implementation of features
    55. 58. feature importance
    56. 59. importance – UK respondents
    57. 60. thank you! www.slideshare.net/daveyp [email_address]
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