Coolfields Consulting www.coolfields.co.uk
@coolfields
What is this thing called Love?
Graham Armfield
Web Accessibility C...
What I’m going to cover
• What is WordPress?
• How WordPress Works
• Adding content to your WordPress website
• How to get...
3
What is WordPress?
What is WordPress?
Some history
• Created by Matt Mullenweg and Mike Little
in 2003 as a development of b2/cafelog.
4
What is WordPress?
Some history contd
• Received a boost when Movable Type
started restricting free use.
• For years WordP...
An Early WordPress Site
6
More Features
Extra features added, so the possibilities are
now almost endless.
WordPress can now support many types of
w...
Increasingly the World's Choice
You can allow others to contribute content to your site.
8
Increasingly the World's Choice
WordPress now 'powers' 20% of all websites
9
from builtwith.com
10
How WordPress Works
Core
Themes
Plugins
WordPress is a CMS
All content is stored in a
database…
… not in separate HTML files.
Which makes things very flexible.
11
WordPress Core
12
The WordPress core is what makes the site go
from prewarminor.com
WordPress Core
• Built with PHP
• Open source
• Maintained by volunteers, and developers
from Automattic
• Updated regular...
WordPress Themes
Themes govern the look of a WordPress website
14
https://www.flickr.com/photos/woolymatt/
WordPress Themes
• Only ever 1 theme active at any time
• Handles layout of site and styles – so, the
overall look and fee...
WordPress Themes
16
https://www.flickr.com/photos/woolymatt/
WordPress Plugins
Plugins are your optional extras
17
https://www.flickr.com/photos/etheltheaardvark/ https://www.flickr.c...
WordPress Plugins
• A site can (in theory) have any number of
plugins active at any time
• Plugins are available for many ...
The Whole Picture
19
http://mysite.com/about-us
20
Adding Content into WordPress
WordPress Admin Screens
21
Posts vs Pages
22
Posts
• Time sensitive
• Blog entries, articles
• News about something, events,
assignments
• Can be cat...
List of Posts/Pages
23
Add a New Page or Post
24
Adding an Image
25
Image and Categories Added
26
Published Post
27
28
How to Get a WordPress Website
Two Versions of WordPress 1
wordpress.com
• Hosted by WordPress
• Free and quick to signup
• Basic choice of themes + plug...
Two Versions of WordPress 2
wordpress.org
• Self hosted – need a hosting area
• Own the domain name
• Free to download
• U...
Choosing a Theme
For wordpress.org version
• Free themes -
http://wordpress.org/themes/
• Premium themes -
http://wordpres...
Choosing Plugins
For wordpress.org version
• http://wordpress.org/plugins/
For wordpress.com version
• Very limited but in...
Getting a Developer Involved
For wordpress.org version
• To design and build a theme for you
• To create extra functionali...
WordPress and Accessibility
Front end is as accessible as:
• Chosen theme
• Chosen plugins
• What your content authors do
...
35
Maintaining a WordPress Site
Upgrading Versions
WordPress core
• Automated updates for
minor releases
Themes
Plugins
36
Comments and User Accounts
37
Comments
• You can manage all the comments
you've received
• Edit, delete
Users
• Guest auth...
Choosing a New Theme
Your content is still intact, but…
• You may need to reattach
menus
• You may need to rebuild
your wi...
Choosing New Plugins
Useful ones include:
39
• Akismet
• WordPress SEO
• Relevanssi
• Cyclone Slider 2
• Tablepress
• WP t...
Spam
Should you allow comments on your site?
• Comments demonstrate that people are engaging
with your content
• The prese...
Site Security
Most WordPress sites will come under attack
at some time - usually 'brute force' attempts
to break in to the...
Security Plugins
Wordfence Security
• Blocks or throttles multiple page requests
• Blocks IP addresses for multiple logon
...
Security Plugins (Advanced)
Audit Trail
• Logs activity on the admin area of the
site
WordPress File Monitor Plus
• Spots ...
Thanks for listening
graham.armfield@coolfields.co.uk
@coolfields
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So What is This Thing Called WordPress?

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Presentation delivered to ISTC (Institute of Scientific and Technical Communicators) Southern Area Group on May 13th 2014.

The presentation is an introduction to using WordPress, and how it can work for you if you need a website, for your business or your own personal blog.

I cover a bit about the history of WordPress, how it works, adding content, getting a WordPress website, and general maintenance when you've got one.

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So What is This Thing Called WordPress?

  1. 1. Coolfields Consulting www.coolfields.co.uk @coolfields What is this thing called Love? Graham Armfield Web Accessibility Consultant WordPress Developer graham.armfield@coolfields.co.uk @coolfields
  2. 2. What I’m going to cover • What is WordPress? • How WordPress Works • Adding content to your WordPress website • How to get a WordPress website • Maintaining a WordPress website 2
  3. 3. 3 What is WordPress?
  4. 4. What is WordPress? Some history • Created by Matt Mullenweg and Mike Little in 2003 as a development of b2/cafelog. 4
  5. 5. What is WordPress? Some history contd • Received a boost when Movable Type started restricting free use. • For years WordPress was primarily a blogging platform 5
  6. 6. An Early WordPress Site 6
  7. 7. More Features Extra features added, so the possibilities are now almost endless. WordPress can now support many types of website. For example: 7 • consumer review sites • job boards • membership sites (inc with subscription) • business websites • community portals • e-commerce websites • classified ads
  8. 8. Increasingly the World's Choice You can allow others to contribute content to your site. 8
  9. 9. Increasingly the World's Choice WordPress now 'powers' 20% of all websites 9 from builtwith.com
  10. 10. 10 How WordPress Works Core Themes Plugins
  11. 11. WordPress is a CMS All content is stored in a database… … not in separate HTML files. Which makes things very flexible. 11
  12. 12. WordPress Core 12 The WordPress core is what makes the site go from prewarminor.com
  13. 13. WordPress Core • Built with PHP • Open source • Maintained by volunteers, and developers from Automattic • Updated regularly 13
  14. 14. WordPress Themes Themes govern the look of a WordPress website 14 https://www.flickr.com/photos/woolymatt/
  15. 15. WordPress Themes • Only ever 1 theme active at any time • Handles layout of site and styles – so, the overall look and feel • Most themes are free and developed by volunteers • Themes can be swapped in and out fairly easily (in theory) 15
  16. 16. WordPress Themes 16 https://www.flickr.com/photos/woolymatt/
  17. 17. WordPress Plugins Plugins are your optional extras 17 https://www.flickr.com/photos/etheltheaardvark/ https://www.flickr.com/photos/mikecogh/
  18. 18. WordPress Plugins • A site can (in theory) have any number of plugins active at any time • Plugins are available for many different needs: Improve SEO, protecting against spam, social media, membership, forums, handling images, improve usability of admin, improve site security • Most plugins are free and developed by volunteers 18
  19. 19. The Whole Picture 19 http://mysite.com/about-us
  20. 20. 20 Adding Content into WordPress
  21. 21. WordPress Admin Screens 21
  22. 22. Posts vs Pages 22 Posts • Time sensitive • Blog entries, articles • News about something, events, assignments • Can be categorised • May be presented in a list Pages • Non time sensitive • More permanent content • Could have hierarchical structure • Examples: Home Page, About Me, Contact Me
  23. 23. List of Posts/Pages 23
  24. 24. Add a New Page or Post 24
  25. 25. Adding an Image 25
  26. 26. Image and Categories Added 26
  27. 27. Published Post 27
  28. 28. 28 How to Get a WordPress Website
  29. 29. Two Versions of WordPress 1 wordpress.com • Hosted by WordPress • Free and quick to signup • Basic choice of themes + plugins • URL format: mysite.wordpress.com • Paid for features 29
  30. 30. Two Versions of WordPress 2 wordpress.org • Self hosted – need a hosting area • Own the domain name • Free to download • Unlimited choice of themes + plugins • Bespoke themes possible 30
  31. 31. Choosing a Theme For wordpress.org version • Free themes - http://wordpress.org/themes/ • Premium themes - http://wordpress.org/themes/commercial/ For wordpress.com version • Integrated into admin area 31
  32. 32. Choosing Plugins For wordpress.org version • http://wordpress.org/plugins/ For wordpress.com version • Very limited but integrated into admin 32
  33. 33. Getting a Developer Involved For wordpress.org version • To design and build a theme for you • To create extra functionality as required • Install and configure more advanced plugins • Tailor the site to your needs 33
  34. 34. WordPress and Accessibility Front end is as accessible as: • Chosen theme • Chosen plugins • What your content authors do Admin screens: • Not fully accessible • But getting better 34
  35. 35. 35 Maintaining a WordPress Site
  36. 36. Upgrading Versions WordPress core • Automated updates for minor releases Themes Plugins 36
  37. 37. Comments and User Accounts 37 Comments • You can manage all the comments you've received • Edit, delete Users • Guest authors • Co-authors • Editors • Administrators
  38. 38. Choosing a New Theme Your content is still intact, but… • You may need to reattach menus • You may need to rebuild your widgets • Some functionality may stop working 38
  39. 39. Choosing New Plugins Useful ones include: 39 • Akismet • WordPress SEO • Relevanssi • Cyclone Slider 2 • Tablepress • WP to Twitter • Subscribe 2
  40. 40. Spam Should you allow comments on your site? • Comments demonstrate that people are engaging with your content • The presence of comments encourages more comments and engagement • BUT you will start to get spam comments • Ensure you use a spam protection plugin • Akismet comes with WordPress but it's not free for anything other than a personal site 40
  41. 41. Site Security Most WordPress sites will come under attack at some time - usually 'brute force' attempts to break in to the admin screens. Usernames and Passwords • Never use 'admin' or 'administrator' • Always ensure passwords are strong – you can use letters (uppercase and lowercase), numbers and some punctuation symbols 41
  42. 42. Security Plugins Wordfence Security • Blocks or throttles multiple page requests • Blocks IP addresses for multiple logon failures • Scans website for latest version of core, themes and plugins. • Also scans for malware in your WordPress folders 42
  43. 43. Security Plugins (Advanced) Audit Trail • Logs activity on the admin area of the site WordPress File Monitor Plus • Spots changes to any files on the site Rename wp-login • Moves your login page to a different place 43
  44. 44. Thanks for listening graham.armfield@coolfields.co.uk @coolfields

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