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Steps to academic_success

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Transcript

  • 1. Steps to Academic Success
  • 2. How do you learn?
    Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic
  • 3. Visual Learner
    Prefers to see and write down information as a picture or diagram
    Improves retention of information if its explained with the use of visual aids
    Prefers face to face contact
    Expresses thoughts through expressions
    “See what I mean?”
    Enjoys the use of hands-on experimentation and body language
    Often has difficulty sitting still and focusing for long periods of time
    Becomes distracted easily (“day dreamers”)
  • 4. Visual learners should…
    Get clear view of instructor to see facial expression and body language (SIT UP FRONT!!)
    Use pictures, maps, graphs
    Use color to highlight important text
    Take notes or ask for handouts
    Illustrate ideas/notes/answers as a picture
    Visualize an event in your mind while taking tests
  • 5. Auditory Learners
    Improves memorization through repeating words aloud
    Enjoys lectures or any spoken activity rather than reading assignments
    Easily recalls what you or others have said and writing about it
    Prefers spoken directions
    Seldom takes notes or writes things down
    Often repeats what has just been said
    Sits where they can hear but needn't pay attention to what is happening in front
  • 6. Auditory Learners should…
    • Sit near the side or back of the classroom where there is less visual stimulation
    • 7. Participate in class discussion or debates
    • 8. Read text aloud
    • 9. Create musical jingles to aid memorization
    • 10. Discuss ideas or repeat notes verbally
  • Kinesthetic Learner
    Learn best by using your hands to explain or touch things
    Having an idea demonstrated
    Mostly athletic
    Difficulty sitting still for very long periods of time
    May become distracted by their need for activity and exploration
    Sits near the door or someplace else where they can easily get up and move around
    Needs to be active and take frequent breaks
    Finds reasons to fidget or move when bored
  • 11. Kinesthetic Learners should…
    Get physically involved – move and think
    Write notes
    Jog/exercise to aid memorization
    Take frequent study breaks and vary your activities
    Make studying more physical
    work at a standing desk, chew gum, pace while memorizing, read while on an exercise bike, mold a piece of clay, squeeze a tennis ball
    Use bright colors to highlight reading material
  • 12. Note taking
  • 13. Note taking tips
    Know where to sit according to your learning skills
    Be particular
    Focus on the main idea
    Keep in mind important people, phrases, dates
    Determine instructor’s habits
    If it goes on the board, write it down
    If it’s repeated, write it down
  • 14. How do I take notes?
    • Date and label all notes
    • 15. Use an organized format (Cornell/Outline/Mapping)
    • 16. Label all diagrams
    • 17. Use abbreviations!
    • 18. Complete sentences for definitions only!
    • 19. Don’t crowd notes – use white space
    • 20. Don’t write on back of page
  • Cornell Method
    Questions and other info. here
    Notes here
  • 21. Outline Method
    I. Main idea here
    a. supporting idea
    b. supporting idea
    II. New main idea here
    a. supporting idea
    b. supporting idea
  • 22. Mapping Method
  • 23. What if I miss something?
    If you miss information draw a box to signal you need to return to complete notes
    Raise your hand, ask questions, don’t give up
    Talk to instructor/classmate after class
    Don’t wait too long to review
    (we forget approximately 50% of what we learn within 24 hours)
  • 24. Reading Your Textbook Effectively
  • 25. Getting Started
    Start with chapter reviews (important to find out the most vital information to look for while reading)
    Skim chapter first before reading text
    Use headings, titles, sub-headings as note-taking guides
    Write questions before getting started
    (leave plenty of white space on paper to fill in the blanks!)
  • 26. While Reading….
    Look for Bold, Italics, and other visuals
    these are text-book “alerts” that lets reader know that information is worth noting
    Read in sections or segments (length and time)
    Stay conscious
    If your mind wanders, take a short break from reading
  • 27. When the reading gets tough…
    Read it again!
    Hold a mini-review (after each reading session)
    Stand up and read aloud
    Get help! (instructor/tutor)
  • 28. Studying/Memorization and Test taking
  • 29. Memory Banks
    • Repetition moves information from memory bank to another
  • STUDYING
    Study daily
    Establish study schedule
    Carve out “quiet space”
    Be aware of comfort level (don’t get too comfortable!)
    Lying on bed
    Too hot, too cold
    Two-hour study blocks
    Use “30-3-2 schedule”
    Study 30 minutes
    Take a 3 minute break
    Two minute mental review of previous material
    Repeat study block 2 or 3 times
  • 30. Memorization
    Use Memory Tricks
    Visualize (Visual Learner exercises)
    Verbalize (Auditory learner exercises)
    7 is the Magic Number (repeating information seven times)
    Write it out
  • 31. Preparing for Tests
  • 32. Open Book Tests
    Open Book Tests  are often the most difficult tests to take since instructors have higher expectations of student preparedness and performance.
    Suggested Preparation:
    Requires more advance preparation than any other exam:
    Write all formulas, terms, dates, and definitions on a single page for easy referral
    Number your note pages and create a table of contents for better access
    Tab key areas for quick reference
    Practice good note taking skills – the better your notes, the better your test resources.
    Practice good study habits – you won't have time to look to your notes for every question (you should approach the test just as you would if unable to refer to your notes).
     
  • 33. Objective Tests
    (matching, multiple choice, true-false) are used by instructors to test your understanding and retention of details rather than general concepts
    Suggested Preparation:
    Requires a light review of a large amount of material; use regular recitation to help memorize terms, dates, definitions, etc.
    Multiple Choice Strategy:
    Read the question carefully.
    Try to answer the question in your mind before looking at the choices.
    Read all of the choices; in some cases, you will be looking for the best answer.
    If you cannot answer the question, use the process of elimination to "weed out" all choices you know to be incorrect.
    Choose the best response; if you are still unsure of the answer, guess (unless there is a penalty for guessing).
  • 34. Objective tests…
    Tips:
    Answer questions you know first.
    Don't get hung up on tough questions – leave them and move on – you may find answers in other test questions.
    Watch the meaning of sentences with double negatives – try crossing out both negatives before answering the question.
    Rephrase a question in your own words to simplify a difficult question.
    Circle key words to help untangle confusing questions.
    If you're sure of a correct answer, choose it, and don't look for traps or over-interpret the question.
  • 35. Answering the questions…
    Guessing:
    Your first instinct is usually correct.
    If two answer choices are similar, choose one of these.
    If two answer choices have opposite meanings, choose one of these.
    Choose the longest answer (correct answers are frequently longer than other choices and offer more explanation)
    All-inclusive terms like all, never, and always are more likely to be incorrect.
    Qualifying words such as sometimes, maybe, usually, and generally often signal correct answers.
    All of the above and None of the above are seldom correct answers.
     
  • 36. Essay tests…
    Writing the essay:
    Start with a brief introduction; this is often accomplished by restating the question
    Use short and simple sentences (sentences that ramble may be hard to follow and tend to reflect unclear thinking)
     Make your points in a logical and clear manner
     state your best point early
     Use specific details or examples to support broad or generalized statements
     use new paragraphs to highlight shifts in thought
     Use transitional words to help your instructor follow your train of thought
     Proofread and review; correct any spelling or grammatical errors
  • 37. Don’t forget to ask for help!
    Academic Support Center
    Writing Center
    Drop-in tutoring
    Student Support Services
    One-on-one scheduled tutoring
    Calculators
    Lap tops
    Retention grants