Career presentation


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This presentation illustrates tips on reading skills and not taking in a university/college setting.

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Career presentation

  1. 1. Reading Skills and Note Taking<br />Presented By: Meghan <br />
  2. 2. Reading skills- overview<br />Muscle Reading<br />Phase 1: Before you Read<br />Phase 2: While you read<br />Phase 3: After you read<br />Read with a Dictionary<br />Styles of Reading<br />Scanning<br />Skimming<br />Detailed Reading<br />Reading Fast<br />When Reading is Tough<br />
  3. 3. Muscle Reading<br />A technique used to avoid mental mini-vacations and reduce the number of unscheduled naps during study time, even after a hard day (3 Phase technique)<br />
  4. 4. Phase 1: Before you read<br />Step 1 Preview: preview the entire assignment. Keep an eye out for familiar concepts, facts, or ideas. <br />Step 2 Outline: Spend some time reading outlines and headings.<br />Step 3 Question: Determine what you want to take away from the reading or assignment. Write down a list of questions.<br />
  5. 5. Phase 2: While you read<br />Step 4 Reflect: Take a few moments to reflect on what you already know about the subject. Schedule breaks and reward yourself on the break.<br />Step 5 Underline: Deface your books. Underlining can save a lot of time when studying for tests.<br />Step 6 Answer: As you read seek out the answers to your questions. <br />
  6. 6. Phase 3: After you read<br />Step 7 Recite: Talk to someone else or yourself about what you have read. <br />Step 8 Review: Plan to do your first complete review within 24 hours of reading the material. This moves the information from your short-term memory to your long-term memory.<br />Step 9 Review Again: Do weekly and monthly reviews<br />
  7. 7. Read with a dictionary in your lap<br />Strengthen your vocabulary by taking delight in words, look up unfamiliar words<br />Anytime you hear an unfamiliar word, write it down and look it up<br />Another suggestion is to divide an unfamiliar word into syllables and look for familiar parts<br />
  8. 8. Styles of reading: 3 styles<br />Scanning for a specific focus: The technique you use when you’re looking up a name in the phone book: you move you eye quickly over the page to find particular words that are relevant to the task you are doing.<br />Skimming- For getting the gist of something: Use when your going through a newspaper or magazine. You read quickly to get the main points.<br />Detailed Reading – For extracting information accurately: Where you read every word, and work to learn from the text. <br />
  9. 9. Reading Fast<br />Get your body ready: gear up for reading faster. Get off the couch, sit up straight at a desk or table, on the edge of your chair, with your feet flat on the floor<br />Read faster then normal. You might be surprised to find out how well you comprehend material even at dramatically increased speed<br />
  10. 10. When reading is tough<br />Read it again<br />Look for essential words<br />Hold a mini review<br />Read it out loud<br />Talk to your instructor/find a tutor<br />Pretend you understand then explain the material<br />
  11. 11. Note taking- overview<br />Five important reasons to take notes<br />Set the stage<br />“Be Here Now” in class<br />Watch for clues<br />General techniques for note taking<br />The Cornell Format<br />Mind Mapping<br />Outlining<br />Improving your handwriting<br />Your instructor<br />When your instructor talks fast<br />
  12. 12. Five important reasons to take notes<br />It triggers basic lecturing processes and helps you to remember information<br />It helps you to concentrate in class<br />It helps you prepare for tests<br />Your notes are often a source of valuable clues for what information the instructor thinks most important (i.e., what will show up on the next test)<br />Your notes often contain information that cannot be found elsewhere (i.e., in your textbook)<br />
  13. 13. Set the Stage<br />Complete outside assignments: The more familiar you are with a subject, the more easily you can absorb information during class lectures<br />Bring the right materials: Pen, pencil, textbook, notebook<br />Sit front and centre: The closer you sit to the lecturer, the harder it is to fall asleep, become distracted by other classmates, and easier to read the board<br />Conduct a short pre-class review: Arrive early and review your notes from previous days<br />Clarify your intention: Write a short Intention Statement<br />
  14. 14. “Be Here Now” in class<br />Accept your wandering mind: Don’t fight daydreaming. Look at it as an opportunity to refocus your attention<br />Notice your writing: Pay attention to the act of writing. This can bring you back to the here and now<br />Be with the instructor: Imagine that its just a personal conversation between you and the instructor<br />Notice your environment: Room temperature, the sound of chalk, feel of your chair...<br />
  15. 15. Continued...<br />Postpone debate: When you hear something you disagree with, observe the material and let it go<br />Let of judgements about lecture styles: Don’t let your attitude about your instructors lecture style, habits or appearance get in the way of your education<br />Participate in class activities: Ask questions and volunteer<br />Relate the class to your goals: Write down how a class relates to a specific goal<br />
  16. 16. Watch For Clues<br />Be alert for repetition<br />Listen for introductory, concluding, and transition words and phrases<br />Watch the board or overhead projector<br />Watch the instructors eyes<br />Highlight the obvious clues<br />Notice the instructors interest level<br />
  17. 17. General Techniques for Note Taking<br />Use key words<br />Use pictures and diagrams<br />Write notes in paragraphs<br />Copy material from the board<br />Use 3 ring binder<br />Use only one side of piece of paper<br />Use index cards<br />Keep your own thoughts separated<br />Use an “I’m lost” signal<br />Label, number and date all notes<br />Use standard abbreviations<br />Leave blank spaces<br />Take notes in different colours<br />Use graphic signals<br />Use recorders effectively<br />
  18. 18. The Cornell Format<br />Developed by Walter Pauk at Cornell University during the 1950’s<br />How to use the Cornell Format:<br />Format your paper<br />Take notes, leave the cue column blank<br />Condense your notes in the cue column<br />
  19. 19. Mind Mapping<br />Give yourself plenty of room<br />Determine the main concept of lecture<br />Use key words only<br />Jazz it up!<br />Create links<br />
  20. 20. Outlining<br />Technically, each word, phrase, or sentence that appears in an outline is called a heading.<br />These are arranged in different levels:<br />
  21. 21. Improving Your Handwriting<br />Use the first step technique<br />Use creative visualization<br />Notice the shape of individual letters<br />Keep your eyes on the tip of the pen<br />Demonstrate your excellence<br />Revise sloppy writing immediately<br />Practice with the best materials<br />Take a calligraphy course<br />Dot all i’s and cross all t’s<br />Insure that holes exist for a’s, e’s, and o’s<br />Notice problem letters<br />Print when understanding is critical<br />Appreciate the value of legible writing<br />
  22. 22. Your Instructor<br />Show interest in class<br />Take responsibility for your actions<br />Get to know your instructor better<br />Open up to diversity<br />Avoid excuses<br />Accept criticism<br />Use course evaluations<br />Separate liking from learning <br />
  23. 23. When Your Instructor Talks Fast<br />Take more time to prepare for class<br />Exchange photocopies of notes with classmates<br />Leave large empty spaces in your notes<br />See the instructor after class<br />Use a voice recorder<br />Go to lecture again (or class)<br />Ask questions even if your totally lost<br />Ask he or she to slow down<br />
  24. 24. Taking Notes on Your Journey (Journal Writing)<br />Make lists<br />Play with learning styles<br />Re-read your journal<br />Use a journal to manage stress<br />Use a journal to increase writing skills<br />Use a journal for personal growth<br />
  25. 25. any questions?<br />