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5 themes of geography 2012


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  • 1. 5 Themes of GeographyNotes:Mrs. Miles’ Social Studies Class
  • 2.  What is Geography?
  • 3. What is Geography? Geography is the study of Earth’s surface, lands, features and people.
  • 4. What are the five themes of Geography? The five themes of geography are location, place, region, human environmental interaction (HEI) and movement.
  • 5.  Why were the 5 themes of Geography created?
  • 6. Why were the 5 themes of Geographycreated? The five themes of geography were created by Geographers to help them organize information.
  • 7. The First Theme: Location How would you define the word location? Give me some examples of locations.
  • 8. Location Location answers the question “Where are we?” In the 5 themes of Geography there are two types of locations: Relative and Absolute locations.
  • 9. Absolute Location: Absolute location: describes an exact place on earth. It requires latitude and longitude coordinates. It can give you a global location (using latitude and longitude) or a local location (street address).
  • 10. Relative Location: Relative location describes the position of a place in relation to another place. The position can be described using landmarks, directions, time or distance from one place to another. With your neighbor, describe the relative location of Durant Road Middle School. Be prepared to share with the class your description
  • 11. Relative vs. Absolute Location:Relative Location Absolute Location Relative location: locations  Absolute location: gives a described specific form of location. directions, time, landmarks or distance.  Example:  The White House is Example: located at 1600  Tennessee is west of North Pennsylvania Ave. Carolina Washington D.C. 20500
  • 12. Place: Place is defined as an area that has features that distinguish them from other places. Places are unique. Place describes the human and physical characteristics of a location.
  • 13. Place – Physical FeaturesLandforms, climate, wildlife, natural resources, architecture, mountains, rivers and other factors that make a place unique.
  • 14. Place – Human FeaturesLanguage, food, religion, ethnicity, clothing, customs, government and other factors
  • 15. Critical Thinking: What is the difference between location and place?
  • 16. Human Environmental Interaction(HEI): HEI looks at the relationship between people and their environment. 3 categories of HEI: depend, adapt and modify What are some examples of how we depend upon, adapt and modify our environment?
  • 17. HEI Activity: Get out a sheet of paper. You are going to listen to the story The Lorax by Dr. Seuss. You are going to write down examples of HEI.
  • 18. Region: A region is an area that is defined by certain similar characteristics. Those similar characteristics can be physical, natural, human or cultural. Have you heard about or can you name any examples of regions? Regions are a way to describe and compare places
  • 19. Region:Regions can be defined in many different ways. For example:1.) Language type2.)Landform groups (Piedmont, Coastal plain, mountains)3.)Government or political regions
  • 20. Regions
  • 21. Movement:Movement describes how people, products/goods, information and ideas move from in between countries. (or from one place to another)*How do ideas and information move?*How do products/good move?*How do people move?
  • 22. Movement of goods/products