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WHAT WILL HAPPEN IF WE DO NOT HAVEENOUGH WATER?• An average human will survive up to 3 days without water• We will not be able to do the activities previously mentioned• We will fall sick more easily• We will have to rely on other sources of water, which might be contaminated
SICKNESSES DUE TO LACK OF WATER ORDRINKING CONTAMINATED WATER• Not drinking enough• Headache, dizziness• Dry mouth• Slowed motor movements• May lead to death• Drinking contaminated water• Diarrhoea• Fever• Stomach ache• May lead to death
TUVALU, TINY ISLANDS IN THE SEA• Tuvalu (pronounced as too-vah-loo) are tiny islandssurrounded by sea water• It is the fourth smallest country in the world• Home to around 10,000 people (that’s less than thenumber of people you find in Yishun!)• Citizens of Tuvalu are called Tuvaluans
WHY DOES TUVALU ONLY RELY ON RAINWATERFOR FRESH WATER SUPPLIES?• Despite Tuvalu being surrounded bywater, Tuvaluans cannot use the sea waterother than to bathe or wash dishes• Fresh water in Tuvalu usually comes fromrain• Tuvaluans will leave empty buckets outso that it can collect rainwater when itrains• Tuvalu used to have fresh watersupplies, but those were destroyed whenthe British army built an airline base on topof it
WHAT IS THE GOVERNMENT DOING TO HELPTUVALU WITH ITS WATER CRISIS?• Seek help from neighbouring countries, like Australia and New Zealand• Build a desalination plant• Rationing supplies when a drought hits• Find alternate ways to provide fresh and clean water to its citizensDid you know?During a drought in2011, Tuvaluan schools had to beclosed so that they could turn intowater ration stations, wherefamilies could pick up watersupplies? Students had to helpdistribute water to the families.
LOOKING AT SINGAPORE…WHAT ARE SOME WAYS SINGAPORE ENSURESCLEAN WATER FOR ALL?Singapore is similar to Tuvalu. We are small in land size, andhave to rely on rainwater to supply us with fresh water.However, we have some strategies to ensure enough freshwater for all Singaporeans:1. Local rainwater catchment areas (reservoirs)2. Desalination plants3. Reclaimed water plant (NEWater)4. Imported water (from Johor Bahru)