Fractures

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Camille Calhoun Chapter 4 Presentation

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Fractures

  1. 1. Fractures
  2. 2. FRACTURES: an injury to a bone that causes It to break.
  3. 3. There are different types of fractures: <ul><li>Closed Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Colles’ Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Comminuted fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Compound Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Compression Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Greenstick Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Impacted Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Oblique Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Pathologic Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Spiral Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Stress Fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Transverse Fracture </li></ul>
  4. 4. CLOSED FRACTURES <ul><li>Is a fracture which there is no open skin wound </li></ul><ul><li>Also called simple fracture </li></ul>
  5. 5. Spiral Fractures <ul><li>This is a fracture where the fracture line spirals around the shaft of the bone </li></ul><ul><li>Can be caused by twisting injury </li></ul><ul><li>Often slower to heal than other types of fractures </li></ul>
  6. 6. greenstick fractures
  7. 7. Greenstick Fracture Cont. <ul><li>This is a fracture where there is an incomplete break. </li></ul><ul><li>One side of the bone is broken and he other side is bent. </li></ul><ul><li>This type of fracture is commonly found in children due to their softer and more pliable bone structures. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Greenstick Fracture cont.
  9. 9. TREATMENTS FOR FRACTURES (based on severity): <ul><li>placing the broken bone in a cast, often after a little pulling and tugging to achieve improved alignment. </li></ul><ul><li>surgery with fixation of the bone with pins, plates, screws or rods. </li></ul><ul><li>Splints-padded pieces of plaster or fiberglass are placed over the injured limb and wrapped with gauze and an elastic wrap to immobilize the break. </li></ul><ul><li>Immobilization will be very helpful with initial pain control </li></ul>

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