FRACTURE CHAPTER 4 PRESENTATION

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FRACTURE CHAPTER 4 PRESENTATION

  1. 1. URE<br />FR<br />S<br />T<br />AC<br />Presented by Sara Hurtuk<br />
  2. 2. FRACTUREˈfrak-chər, -shər<br />Fracture is defined as a break in the bone or cartilage<br />A few of the reasons fractures occur are because of:<br />Trauma <br />Osteoporosis<br />Osteogenesis Imperfecta (brittle bone disease)<br />
  3. 3. TYPES OF FRACTURES<br /> There are many types of fractures. Some are: closed, Colles’, comminuted , compound, compression, greenstick, impacted, oblique, pathologic, spiral, stress and transverse.<br />I will be describing the following three types:<br />Comminuted<br />Greenstick<br />Transverse<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. COMMINUTED FRACTURE<br />This is the type of fracture in which the bone is:<br />Shattered<br />Splintered<br />Crushed into many pieces<br />
  6. 6. GREENSTICK FRACTURE<br />Is a fracture with an incomplete break. One side is broken and the other is bent.<br />Found in children because they have a softer and more pliable bone structure than adults.<br />
  7. 7. TRANSVERSE FRACTURE<br />Is a complete fracture that goes straight across the bone<br />The fracture is at a right angle to the long axis of the bone<br />
  8. 8. TREATMENT OF FRACTURES<br />The treatment of fractures could include the following procedures:<br />Immobilization of fractured body part<br />A splint to immobilize the fracture and the joints surrounding it may be the next step in treatment<br />After a few days then a cast may be applied. It usually takes a few days to cast the area because of the swelling around the fracture would build too much pressure under the cast<br />Finally depending on the severity, surgery may be required<br />
  9. 9. STATISTICS ON FRACTURES<br />One out of two women over 50 will experience an osteoporosis related fracture<br />Fractures are the most common of orthopedic problems. About 6.8 million Americans seek medical attention for fractures every year. 1.5 million of those is osteoporosis related.<br />The yearly death rate is USA for fractures is 11,696.<br />Statistics courtesy of http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/f/fractures/stats.htm<br />

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