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Berlin 6 Open Access Conference: Theodore Papazoglou

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  • 1. Theodore Papazoglou, PhD Unit S1, Strategic matters and relations with the ERC Scientific Council Directorate S, DG RTD [email_address] European Commission Implementing the ERC’s Open Access Policy
  • 2. ERC Open Access Policy
            • Policy Principles
            • Guidelines
            • Implementation
            • Last technical steps
  • 3. Policy Principles (1)
    • ERA and free movement of researchers, technology and knowledge
    • “ Sharing knowledge" (ERA Green paper Public Consultation): Over 70% of responses call for open access to scientific raw data from publicly funded research and 84% call for immediate and improved access and dissemination of publicly funded peer-reviewed scientific publications (**).
    • March 2008: Open access as a way of achieving “fifth freedom” (free movement of knowledge) within European knowledge economy (European Council conclusions).
    • Policies towards access to scientific research must guarantee the ability of the system to continue to deliver high-quality certification services (ERC ScC).
  • 4. Policy Principles (2)
    • Significant worries concerning the ability of the system to deliver wide access and therefore efficient dissemination of research results, with the resulting risk of stifling further scientific progress (ERC ScC communication in December 2006).
  • 5. Policy Principles (3)
    • Main parameters:
    • the speed of ‘obsolescence’ of knowledge in different domains/disciplines
    • Availability of open access repositories in different domains/disciplines
    • Coordination between research funders (at EU level, across parts of the FP for example, but also at the level of Member States and their regions)
  • 6. Policy Principles (4)
    • December 2006 proposal:
    • “… . a task force including representatives from the various FP7 programmes (Cooperation, Ideas, People, ...) to develop an operational FP7 policy on open access by the end of 2007 (which takes in particular into account disciplinary differences and technological constraints)
  • 7. Guideline (I)
    • The ERC requires that all peer-reviewed publications from ERC-funded research projects be deposited on publication into an appropriate research repository where available, such as PubMed Central, ArXiv or an institutional repository, and subsequently made Open Access within 6 months of publication.
  • 8. Guideline (II)
    • The ERC considers essential that primary data - which in the life sciences for example could comprise data such as nucleotide/protein sequences, macromolecular atomic coordinates and anonymized epidemiological data - are deposited to the relevant databases as soon as possible, preferably immediately after publication and in any case not later than 6 months after the date of publication.
  • 9. Implementation (1)
    • “… ..make best effort to ensure that the ERC guidelines on Open Access will be followed ”
    • In line with
    • “… the beneficiary shall ensure that the foreground of which it has ownership is disseminated as swiftly as possibly ”
  • 10. Implementation (2)
    • Manuscripts that are accepted for publication during the funding period (typically 5 years) should be deposited in at least one appropriate repository/archive.
    • Publications resulting from ERC funded work but appearing after the formal termination of the ERC supported activity are also expected to be deposited in at least one appropriate repository/archive.
  • 11. Implementation (3)
    • The same approach should be followed with primary data underlying manuscripts/articles whenever this is possible (e.g. DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank nucleotide sequence database, RSCB-PDB/MSD-EBI/PDB protein structure database, data from the atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere and solid earth in Earth-prints Repository , high quality spectral data from well characterised minerals in RRUFF, astronomical data at VizieR Catalogue Service etc.)
  • 12. Implementation (4)
    • Acceptable manuscript format:
        • Final peer-reviewed manuscript
        • Final published article
  • 13. Implementation (5)
    • Priority to “green”* open access
    • Exceptionally (e.g. exclusivity of journal, targeted scientific community): “golden”* open access
  • 14. Implementation (6)
    • Where to start (articles)?
    • The Principal investigator (author) should review the open access policy of the target journal (see for example in http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/index.php the list of journals with their respective copyright and archiving policies as well as their compatibility with the ERC policy of maximum 6 months embargo).
  • 15. Implementation (6)
    • Future options:
    • Scientific Information Repository supporting the FP7 Research Programme
  • 16. Implementation (8)
    • Where to start (data)?
    • There are over 60 data repositories worldwide according to the directory of open access repositories ( Open DOAR: http://www.opendoar.org/ )
    • or
    • Institutional repositories
  • 17. Next technical steps
        • Revision of ERC Model Grant Agreement
        • (delay, expected to cover ERC-2009-StG and on)
        • Vademecum
  • 18.
    • Danke!
    • Merci!
    • Thank you!
    • Gracie!
    • Gracias!
    • Ευχαριστώ!