ERA and free movement of researchers, technology and knowledge
“ Sharing knowledge" (ERA Green paper Public Consultation): Over 70% of responses call for open access to scientific raw data from publicly funded research and 84% call for immediate and improved access and dissemination of publicly funded peer-reviewed scientific publications (**).
March 2008: Open access as a way of achieving “fifth freedom” (free movement of knowledge) within European knowledge economy (European Council conclusions).
Policies towards access to scientific research must guarantee the ability of the system to continue to deliver high-quality certification services (ERC ScC).
Significant worries concerning the ability of the system to deliver wide access and therefore efficient dissemination of research results, with the resulting risk of stifling further scientific progress (ERC ScC communication in December 2006).
“… . a task force including representatives from the various FP7 programmes (Cooperation, Ideas, People, ...) to develop an operational FP7 policy on open access by the end of 2007 (which takes in particular into account disciplinary differences and technological constraints)
The ERC requires that all peer-reviewed publications from ERC-funded research projects be deposited on publication into an appropriate research repository where available, such as PubMed Central, ArXiv or an institutional repository, and subsequently made Open Access within 6 months of publication.
The ERC considers essential that primary data - which in the life sciences for example could comprise data such as nucleotide/protein sequences, macromolecular atomic coordinates and anonymized epidemiological data - are deposited to the relevant databases as soon as possible, preferably immediately after publication and in any case not later than 6 months after the date of publication.
The same approach should be followed with primary data underlying manuscripts/articles whenever this is possible (e.g. DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank nucleotide sequence database, RSCB-PDB/MSD-EBI/PDB protein structure database, data from the atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere and solid earth in Earth-prints Repository , high quality spectral data from well characterised minerals in RRUFF, astronomical data at VizieR Catalogue Service etc.)
The Principal investigator (author) should review the open access policy of the target journal (see for example in http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/index.php the list of journals with their respective copyright and archiving policies as well as their compatibility with the ERC policy of maximum 6 months embargo).