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Open Research and Archaeology


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Talk on open research and archaeology given by Dr. Lisa Lodwick at Oxford OpenCon satellite event, November 2018.

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Open Research and Archaeology

  1. 1. Open Research and Archaeology Dr Lisa Lodwick, All Souls College University of Oxford @LisaLodwick
  2. 2. Why Open Research in Archaeology? • Archaeology is destructive – responsibility to record and share • Many archaeologist are not within academia – developer- funded archaeology, museums, community archaeologists, the public • Research funding source • Reproducibility based upon access to primary data
  3. 3. 1.Open Access in Archaeology
  4. 4. Early e- publishing initiatives
  5. 5. Society Journals Commercial Journals
  6. 6. Open Access Journals
  7. 7. 2. Open Data in Archaeology
  8. 8. Archaeological data Is messy .xls .doc .tiff .dwg .prn .png .csv
  9. 9. Example of Contents of ADS
  10. 10. Example of Contents of ADS
  11. 11. Does primary data matter in archaeology? • FAIR in practice 2018 “For archaeological data, the final dataset is often stored with the Archaeological Data Services (ADS), in keeping with mandates linked to regulations about building and discovery of archaeological remains. The journal itself provides the “story” about the data, the layer that describes what the data is, how it was collected and what the author thinks it means. “
  12. 12. How much primary data is published? Marwick and Pilaar Birch 2018 Advances in Archaeological Practice 53% of 48 articles in Journal of Archaeological Science had open primary data in 2017 Can I have your data? Is the data available?
  13. 13. How much primary data is published? 182 Archaeobotanical primary data publications in 8 journals 2008-2019 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Arch Anth Sci Env Arch VHA Antiquity OJA JASR PNAS JAS Numberofarticles N Table .docx .pdf .xls Repo 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Numberofarticles N Table .docx .pdf .xls Repo Antiquity (CUP) Arch Anth Sci (Springer) Env Arch (T & F) J Arch Sci (Elsevier) J Arch Sci Reports (Elsevier) Oxford J Archaeology (Wiley) PNAS Veg Hist (Springer) – encourages data sharing Research policy available 51% without primary data
  14. 14. 3. ECR-driven initiatives
  15. 15. Proceedings of the Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference 1991 --> 2016 Mainly Oxbow (specialist archaeological publisher) no £ Motivations: widen access to knowledge, improve publishing option for authors, disrupt the sub-discipline.
  16. 16. - Charitable organization dedicated to OA publishing - Prof Martin Eve and Dr Caroline Edwards (Birkbeck) - Launched 2015 - publish 23 journals
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
  19. 19. • Registration (DOAJ, CCBY) • Certification (double-blind peer review) • Prestige • Archiving (CLOCKKS, LOCKKS) • Dissemination (open) • Discoverability (range of indexing google scholar, Web of Science (Emerging Sources Citation Index, social media share buttons) • Experimentation and innovation • Get to the ‘right’ people (29 year brand) Prof Susan Alcock (University of Michigan) Dr John Creighton (University of Reading) Dr Ben Croxford (Merseyside HER) Prof Hella Eckardt (University of Reading) Dr Andrew Gardner (UCL) Dr Elizabeth Greene (Western University) Prof Richard Hingley (Durham University) Prof David Mattingly (University of Leicester) Prof Martin Millett (University of Cambridge) Dr Louise Revell (University of Southampton) Dr Darrell Rohl (Canterbury Christ Church) Dr Eleanor Scott Prof Naomi Sykes (University of Nottingham) Prof Nicola Terrenato (University of Michigan) Dr Astrid van Oyen (Cornell University) Prof Miguel Versluys (Universiteit Leiden) Dr Jane Webster (University of Newcastle) Dr Robert Witcher (Durham University)
  20. 20. Who we usually talk with Who we probably should be talking with Archaeology
  21. 21. Biophysicist (Classical) Archaeobotanist
  22. 22. • Encourage colleagues (Phds, ECRs) to archive their post prints (and even pre prints). • Push for movements towards open access within scholarly societies. • Talk to people outside your disciplinary bubble. • Do something.