Responding to equity challenges in higher education (EDEN Version)


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A look at responding to equity challenges in higher education, targeted especially at institutions working with e- and distance learning.

The presentation frames the equity challenge as an innovation challenge, and asks universities how they can use technology to improve the situation.

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  • Confluence of events meaning that things will never be the same again.
  • Responding to equity challenges in higher education (EDEN Version)

    1. 1. Responding to Equity Challenges in Higher Education Some innovations in a lifelong learning perspective EDEN Annual Conference 2012 Anthony F. Camilleri Porto, Portugal – June
    2. 2. Our aspiration „We share the societal aspiration that the student body entering, participating in and completing higher education at all levels should reflect the diversity of our populations― London Ministerial
    3. 3. the aspiration visualised?
    4. 4. Vision of a Better
    5. 5. The factsThe EQUNET 2011 report found that accessacross the EHEA is inequitable. Countries so wide divergences on: Lower socioeconomic backgrounds - gender balance are: - net entry rates - less likely to attend Higher - entry via alternative routes Education - participation based on occupational - likely to choose different courses of / educational background study - income gap of students - more likely to work during studies - Ratios of foreign students - far less likely to have a mobility
    6. 6. How realistic? „we commit to securing the highest possible. level of public funding for higher education „ Bucharest Ministerial Declaration Do you think ‚equity‘ funding is crisis proof?
    7. 7. Solutions on Offer by Ministries• Provide adequate support to underrepresented groups• Promote flexible learning pathways / RPL• Involve students as active participants in their own learning• Higher Education should be an open
    8. 8. Current approaches areincrementalist 80 70 point of equity 60 50 2125 First stage secondary 40 Tertiary 30 Linear (First stage secondary) Linear (Tertiary) 20 10 0 55-64 45-54 35-44 25-34 1970-1980 2000-2010 Projection of percentage of students entering higher education based on father‘s
    9. 9. Failure of Current Approach Vision of a Better
    10. 10. The Consequences of an Equity
    11. 11. PARIS 2005 Barcelona London 2011
    12. 12. Financial consequences• Net private loss: $150,000• Net public loss: $100,000 per student not attending HE A solution to anaemic growth?
    13. 13. Labour consequences The ‚knowledge-society‘ is
    14. 14. Incentive to change Failure of Current Approach Vision of a Better
    15. 15. Innovating the Social
    16. 16. innovation - the OU model Remove Entry Requirementsresult:• Currently 260000+ students• 70% are able to work during studies, 5% are access
    17. 17. innovation – open textbooks Create licence-free textbooks• Average spent by US student on textbooks per year $981• Approx cost to produce textbook: $120000 - $150000 (estimates flat-world knowledge)• SB 1052 / 1053 (California) will create open source textbooks, free or $20 hardcopy• Estimated savings (overall): up to $ 1 participation
    18. 18. innovation – OERu Credentialise Open Learning• 15 anchor universities, supported by UNESCO and CoL• First pilots are underway right completion
    19. 19. innovation - MOOCs automate reproducable teaching• Piloted by Stanford ‚Intro to AI‘ – 100000+ students• MITx – limited certification for MOOC including virtual lab-work• EDx – MIT + Harvard $60 million
    20. 20. Educationis
    21. 21. unbundling: a vision flexibility Credit:
    22. 22. social entrepreneurship:education• 55000 social enterprises in the UK – generating 27 billion GBP per year (2005)• 15% of the market is in education• approx. equivalent to total yearly spend on HE of Austria a social enterprise is a business with primarily social objectives whose surpluses are principally reinvested for that purpose in the business or in the community, rather than being driven by the need to maximise profit for shareholders and owners (UK DTI, 2002)
    23. 23. A formula for: Incentive to change Failure of Tools are Current available Approach Vision of a Better future DISRUPTIVE INNOVATION
    24. 24. What else can we do?
    25. 25. Open Education means Increased access Increased participation Increased completion at lower cost and Higher
    26. 26. must HEIs can take the
    27. 27. How? Admit Failure Reward Ideas wherever they come from the status quo isn‘t working science / stakeholders Innovate Iterate Release Now find out what works through experience stop waiting for
    28. 28. Washing ones hands of the conflict between the powerful and the powerless means to side with the powerful, not to be neutral. Paulo
    29. 29. Thank-You for Your Attention Responding to Equity Challenges in Higher Education Anthony F. Camilleri Presentation available from: Feedback is welcome! Released under a Creative Commons Under the following conditions: Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 Belgium License Attribution — You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but You are free: not in any way that suggests that they endorse • to Share — to copy, distribute and transmit you or your use of the work). the work Share Alike — If you alter, transform, or build • to Remix — to adapt the work upon this work, you may distribute the work only under the same or similar license to this one.