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A European context on Open Recognition and Credentials

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The presentation gives an overview of how micro-credentials are essential tools towards promoting open education. It looks at initiatives to improve uptake of open education including MicroHE, OEPASS, ECCOE and Europass

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A European context on Open Recognition and Credentials

  1. 1. European context onOpen Recognition and Credentials Europass,MicroHE/OEPass/ECCOE Anthony F. Camilleri & Ildiko Mazar Knowledge InnovationCentre Open EducationWeek – 3 March 2020
  2. 2. Open Education…. "a way of carrying out education, often using digital technologies. Its aim is to widen access and participation to everyone by removing barriers and making learning accessible, abundant, and customisable for all. It offers multiple ways of teaching and learning, building and sharing knowledge. It also provides a variety of access routes to formal and non-formal education, and connects" (Opening up Education: A Support Framework for Higher Education Institutions, 2016)
  3. 3. A typical process model forOpen Education Input Process Output Open Educational Resources Open Educational Practices ? Educational Credentials
  4. 4. Customisabilit y Customisation requires a system of interoperable building blocks
  5. 5. Micro- Credentials MODULAR STACKABLE PORTABLE DIGITAL
  6. 6. Micro- Credentials MODULAR STACKABLE PORTABLE DIGITAL • Open Access • Standardised Unit of Measure • Learning Outcomes • ECTS • Small • (15 ECTS equivalents max?)
  7. 7. Micro- Credentials MODULAR STACKABLE PORTABLE DIGITAL Combining Vs Stacking
  8. 8. Micro- Credentials MODULAR STACKABLE PORTABLE DIGITAL • Standardised (in format) • Can be combined to create larger credentials • Not Too Small • (1 ECTS equivalent min?)
  9. 9. Micro- Credentials MODULAR STACKABLE PORTABLE DIGITAL • Recognised by Different Institutions • To give access • To stack across institutions • Quality Assured (content) • Secured (envelope) • Mapped / Harmonised
  10. 10. Micro- Credentials MODULAR STACKABLE PORTABLE DIGITAL 1000 Universities 50 Courses per Uni 50000 micro-credentials 2 sextillion possible combinations! (of 5-credential packages)
  11. 11. Micro- Credentials MODULAR STACKABLE PORTABLE DIGITAL • Earned in any mode but • Awarded digitally • Stacked digitally • Recognised digitally
  12. 12. Credentials are still not digital Limited Access to Underlying Information Not valid currencies on job market Lack of (Technical) Standards for Credential Information Closed Standards for Security &Verification Not recognised What’s wrong with (digital) micro- credentials?
  13. 13. Credentials are still not digital
  14. 14. LimitedAccess toUnderlying Information
  15. 15. Not valid currencies on job market Source: Career Arc If it costs an employer more to verify a credential than to test the skills, the credential is effectively worthless.
  16. 16. Lack of Technical Standards leads to exclusion Source: Career Arc
  17. 17. Closed Standards for Security and Verification
  18. 18. Closed Credentials  expensive and time consuming to acquire  hard to use and share  hinder Open Education by failing to evidence flexible learning pathways in a transparent manner  exclude the people who need them most  can be abused by networks of intermediaries  do not inform policy
  19. 19. Wehaveallthepiecesforan OpenCredentialSystem
  20. 20. EUStandards for Qualifications EU standards for qualifications European Qualifications Framework: gives an indication as to the level of various qualifications European Diploma Supplement: provides a standardised template to give additional information about a degree European CreditTransfer System: allows for individual learning units to be described in terms of knowledge, skills, responsibility and autonomy European Skill, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations database provides a standard terminology
  21. 21. EUStandards for Qualifications EU standards for qualifications European Qualifications Framework: gives an indication as to the level of various qualifications Not for non-formal education or microcredentials European Diploma Supplement: provides a standardised template to give additional information about a degree Only for degrees European CreditTransfer System: allows for individual learning units to be described in terms of knowledge, skills, responsibility and autonomy Only for Higher Education - not included fully in qualification European Skill, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations database provides a standard terminology Not used by the tools above
  22. 22. Working on open solutions... Create a digital standard format for documenting open education credentials based on ECTS oepass.eu Open Education Passport
  23. 23. The Learning Passport Comprehensive documentation of learning experiences in terms of: • Awarding body • Credential awarded • Holder of credential • Evidence of achievement
  24. 24. Technical Standards: OpenBadges too open to be useful for Higher Education
  25. 25. MicroHE Data Model / OEPASS Ontology
  26. 26. European framework for digitally-signed credentials The Europass Learning Model is available at: https://github.com/european-commission-europass/EDCI-Data-Model
  27. 27. European framework for digitally-signed credentials
  28. 28. WithBlockchainyoudon’tneedanintermediarytosigna documentatall the technology is still extremely young
  29. 29. Working on open solutions... Support Future Learning Excellence through Micro-Credentialling in Higher Education Create a model blockchain infrastructure for storing and automatically verifying credentials microcredentials.eu
  30. 30. The Credentials Clearinghouse
  31. 31. The Credentials Clearinghouse
  32. 32. Erasmus Agreements provide a template for credit mobility only apply to semester- based physical mobility
  33. 33. PilotingSemi- Automated agreements for Micro- Credit Mobility
  34. 34. www.microcredentials.eu Imagine a Future where recognition is universal automatic seamless
  35. 35. A typical process model forOpen Education Input Process Output Open Educational Resources Open Educational Practices ? Educational Credentials
  36. 36. A typical process model forOpen Education Input Process Output Open Educational Resources Open Educational Practices Open Educational Credentials
  37. 37. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION You can download this presentation at: Anthony F. Camilleri anthony@knowledgeinnovation.eu Ildiko Mazar ildiko@knowledgeinnovation.eu https://www.slideshare.net/anthonycamilleri
  38. 38. The European Commission support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the contents which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International License. You are free to: Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms. Under the following conditions: Attribution — You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use. ShareAlike — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original. No additional restrictions — You may not apply legal terms or technological

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