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Introduction to open educational resources


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Delivered at Vancouver Island University on August 28, 2012

Published in: Education, Technology

Introduction to open educational resources

  1. 1. Create Remix License ShareIntroduction to Open Educational Resources (OER) Michael Paskevicius Learning Technologies Application Developer Centre for Innovation and Excellence in Learning Ex. 2029 Room 511, Building 305 August 28, 2012
  2. 2. 2009-2012 University of Cape TownOER@UCT Project
  3. 3. by dkscullyWhat do open educationalresources (OER) mean to you?
  4. 4. Open Educational ResourcesOpen Content / Open educational resources (OER) / OpenCourseware are educational materials which are discoverableonline and openly licensed that can be: Shared freely and openly to … redistribute be… Shared and share again. Redistributed Used … used by … adapt / repurpose/ anyone to … improve under some Improved type of license in order to …
  5. 5. …sharing beyond the classroom Traditional sharing of Sharing educational teaching materials resources as OER Additional considerations: • Clearing of copyright issues • Formatting for web and accessibility for reuse • Addition of descriptive metadata • Publishing in repository, referatory or on the webEducator Creates Learning activity or resource Designated as OER on web Shares Available to other with students faculties, students and and other institutions. faculty Other educators can now discover and reuse. Adapted from Conole, G., McAndrew, P. & Dimitriadis, Y., 2010
  6. 6. What has enabled OER?• Change in • Affordances philosophy of the Internet Social Technical Financial Legal• A range of • Alternative financial copyright models Licensing
  7. 7. Change in philosophy towards an “Open Movement” Open Data Open Source SoftwareOpen Society Open Access The Open Movement Open Science Open Educational Resources Open Licences
  8. 8. Affordances of the InternetTitle : File:Internet map 1024.jpg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaSource : : Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported
  9. 9. Alternative copyright Licensing
  10. 10. Choosing a Creative Commons License
  11. 11. A range of financial models• Donor funding – e.g. Hewlett Foundation• Marketing budget – e.g. Open University• Commission – e.g. MIT and Amazon• Endowment – e.g. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy• Membership – e.g. Sakai Consortium, OCWC• Government – e.g. UK £7.8 million grant, US commitment to OER
  12. 12. Recap: What makes an OER?• Educational curriculum, materials or mixed media• Discoverable online as they are shared freely and openly• Openly licensed (usually Creative Commons)• Can be legally used by anyone to repurpose/ improve and redistribute
  14. 14. The origins of OER: MIT OpenCourseWare
  15. 15. Open Course Ware: Open University
  16. 16. Copyright CourseWare: Network Science
  17. 17. Open Video: The Khan Academy
  18. 18. Mostly closed video: YouTube
  19. 19. YouTube recently launched a Creative Commons licensing option
  20. 20. Open Encyclopedia: Wikipedia
  21. 21. Closed Encyclopedia: Encyclopedia Britannica
  23. 23. A good starting point: OER Commons
  24. 24. OCWC Search
  25. 25. Open learning object repository: Merlot
  26. 26. Open textbooks: Connexions
  27. 27. Open textbooks for K12: Siyavula
  28. 28. Aggregated video: Academic Earth
  29. 29. Mixed Media: Wikimedia
  30. 30. Collecting OER in Africa: OER Africa
  31. 31. OER from UCT: OpenContent
  32. 32. Open access research: DOAJ
  33. 33. A Creative Commons image by (ta)SOME TOOLS OF THE TRADE
  34. 34. Compfight image search
  35. 35. Creative Commons Search
  36. 36. Attribution made “easier” Add on available for Firefox, Chrome, Opera, Wordpress and Drupal Demo
  37. 37. by fdBEYOND OPEN CONTENT
  38. 38. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs): LAK11
  39. 39. MITx: MIT’s latest open education project
  40. 40. Stanford University: Introduction to AI
  41. 41. Coursera
  43. 43. CHED Computer Literacy Guides• IEEE UCT chapter use the openly licensed CHED computer literacy materials to support training in a computer lab donated to a high school
  44. 44. Creative Commons Licensing Screencast• Creative Commons licensing video is translated into Czechoslovakian, French, Italian and Spanish on YouTube
  45. 45. Studying at University: A guide for first year students• Used by multiple universities across South Africa• The guide has been accessed over 3800 times on the web and over 600 physical printed guides have been sold
  46. 46. OpenContent becomes a Journal Article• Materials published as OER selected for publishing in the Journal of Occupational Therapy of Galicia, an open access journal for occupational therapists in the Spanish speaking world
  47. 47. Measuring influence: Alternative metrics
  48. 48. Closing note:"When you learn transparently (and openly) you become a teacher“ Siemens, 2010Siemens, G. & Matheos, K. (2010). Open Social Learning in Higher Education: An African Context. VI International Seminar of the UNESCO chair in e-learning; open social learning. Available online:
  49. 49. Prepared by: Michael Paskevicius Learning Technologies Application Developer Centre for Innovation and Excellence in Learning Follow me: Blog: Presentations: work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Canada License. To view a copy of this license, visit