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Avoiding Plagiarism and Citing
BEN LIKIS AND ANA MORAL
What is plagiarism?
Plagiarism is stealing someone else’s words and
ideas without crediting them as a source
Example of Plagiarism
The Syrian civil war, also known as the Syrian
uprising or Syrian crisis, is an ongoing armed
conflict in Syria between forces loyal to the Ba’ath
government and those seeking to oust it.
Source: “Unless steps are taken to provide a
predictable and stable energy supply in the face of
growing demand, the nation may be in danger of sudden
power losses or even extended blackouts, thus damaging
our industrial and information-based economies.” (John
Doe, 1999, p.231)
Inadequate paraphrase: Doe (1999) recommends
that the government take action to provide a predictable
and stable energy supply because of constantly growing
demand. Otherwise, we may be in danger of losing
power or even experiencing extended blackouts. These
circumstances could damage our industrial and
information-based economy. (p.231).
What is wrong with plagiarism?
Stealing someone else’s intellectual property
Results in a failing grade
Types of Plagiarism
Copying a friend’s
Copying word for word
from an electronic or print
Forgetting to cite a source
Quote or paraphrase your sources
Always cite your sources!
Rephrasing an author’s thoughts in your own words
You must also cite your source
“Meanwhile, hyperinflation is rampant, as the Syrian
pound has dropped to one-sixth its prewar value,
and foreign currency reserves are estimated to be
between $2 and $5 billion, down from $18 billion.
The regime now relies on credit lines extended by its
few remaining allies: Iran, Russia, and China.”
(Council on Foreign Relations)
The hyperinflation in Syria caused by the civil war is
perhaps best exemplified by the Syrian pound
plummeting to one-sixth of its prewar value. The
Syrian government relies on financial support from
Iran, Russia, and China, its only remaining allies.
(Council on Foreign Relations.)
Paraphrase and Cite
“The conflict today has become a bloody nationwide
civil war, with no end in sight, and the numbers are
stark. More than 70,000 Syrians have died,
according to UN estimates [in February], and some
experts warn the numbers could be even higher. One
million Syrian refugees are being assisted by the UN.
Two million children face malnutrition, disease and
severe trauma, according to a report released by Save
the Children.” (PBS)
Paraphrase and Cite
“President Obama has steadfastly opposed arming
Syrian rebels out of concern that the weapons could
fall into the wrong hands, such as [terrorist] groups
on the ground. But in a shift from earlier policy, the
U.S. announced [in February] that it will provide
direct assistance to the rebels, including 200,000
ready-to-eat meals…and assistance with education
and sanitation services in rebel-controlled areas.”
Paraphrase and Cite
“Last month a UN panel accused both sides of
committing massacres of civilians and combatants…
and warned that ‘the destructive dynamics of the
civil war not only have an impact on the civilian
population but are also tearing apart the country’s
complex social fabric, jeopardizing future
generations and undermining peace and security in
the entire region.’” (PBS)
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