MIGRATION  B Day Block 7
Cyclic movement  <ul><li>Cyclic movement involves journeys that begin at our home base and bring us back to it. </li></ul>...
Periodic movement <ul><li>Like cyclic movement you return home , but involves a longer period of time away from home. </li...
Migration <ul><li>Is the continental movement from place to place </li></ul><ul><li>When a migrant leaves it is known as a...
What is migration? <ul><li>Is the continental movement from place to place </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 different types o...
Why do people migrate?
Why do people migrate? <ul><li>Atlantic Slave Trade- The vast majority of African Slaves were forced across the Atlantic a...
Push and Pull Factors <ul><li>Push and Pull factors- help attract or leave migrants leave a place </li></ul><ul><li>Laws o...
<ul><li>Push Factors </li></ul><ul><li>The island soils are thin and the land is rocky which makes living difficult, and m...
Economic conditions <ul><li>Poverty pushes people to move from their home lands </li></ul><ul><li>Power Relationships </li...
Political circumstances <ul><li>Uganda’s dictator Idi Amin expelled over 50,000 Asians and Ugandan’s of Asians descent fro...
WHERE DO PEOPLE MIGRATE? <ul><li>Global Migration Flows:   In the last five centuries global migration has reached a unpre...
<ul><li>Regional Migration Flows:   The main reason for regional migration flows is economic opportunities. Short-term job...
<ul><li>National Migration Flows:   Also know as Internal Migration Flows. In the U.S.A one of the major migration flows o...
Guest Workers <ul><li>What is a guest worker?  </li></ul><ul><li>- A guest worker is a labor worker who moves to another c...
Refugees <ul><li>What is a refugee? </li></ul><ul><li>- A refugee is someone that is forced to leave the country. </li></u...
Middle East   <ul><li>Many refugees like to come along in these areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the Muslims because of 9/...
Africa <ul><li>Africa about 8 million “official”  refugees. </li></ul><ul><li>Sudan which was in a big civil war fro two d...
Europe and Other Regions  <ul><li>In 1990 Yugoslavia collapsed causing the largest refugee crisis in Europe. </li></ul><ul...
North Africa And Southwest Asia <ul><li>Millions of refugees came from the Gulf War of 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>The current ...
South Asia and Southeast Asia  <ul><li>South Asia is the third ranking geographic realm </li></ul><ul><li>More than 3 mill...
How Do Governments Affect Migration?
Legal Restrictions  <ul><li>Immigration laws </li></ul><ul><li>“ Laws and regulations of a state designed to specifically ...
Post – September 11 <ul><li>“ Since September 11, 2001, government immigration policies have incorporated security concern...
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Migration B7

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Migration B7

  1. 1. MIGRATION B Day Block 7
  2. 2. Cyclic movement <ul><li>Cyclic movement involves journeys that begin at our home base and bring us back to it. </li></ul><ul><li>Nomadism is a type of cyclic movement </li></ul>
  3. 3. Periodic movement <ul><li>Like cyclic movement you return home , but involves a longer period of time away from home. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Migration <ul><li>Is the continental movement from place to place </li></ul><ul><li>When a migrant leaves it is known as a migrant (one who migrates out) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is migration? <ul><li>Is the continental movement from place to place </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 different types of movement: cyclic, periodic, and migration. </li></ul><ul><li>Migration involves permanence movement between two places </li></ul>
  6. 6. Why do people migrate?
  7. 7. Why do people migrate? <ul><li>Atlantic Slave Trade- The vast majority of African Slaves were forced across the Atlantic and into the southeastern U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>The largest and most devastating forced migration in the history of humanity was the Atlantic Slave trade </li></ul>
  8. 8. Push and Pull Factors <ul><li>Push and Pull factors- help attract or leave migrants leave a place </li></ul><ul><li>Laws of migration- Developed by British demographer Ernst and Ravenstein. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Push Factors </li></ul><ul><li>The island soils are thin and the land is rocky which makes living difficult, and move to the north where volcanic activity is not felt. </li></ul><ul><li>Fear that if they move their culture and traditions will be forced to change. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Economic conditions <ul><li>Poverty pushes people to move from their home lands </li></ul><ul><li>Power Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Gender, ethnicty, race and money are all </li></ul><ul><li>Factors in the decision to migrate. </li></ul><ul><li>Empolyers who hire migrant workers often have proceptions of what kind of migrants work best for them. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Political circumstances <ul><li>Uganda’s dictator Idi Amin expelled over 50,000 Asians and Ugandan’s of Asians descent from his country </li></ul><ul><li>Armed conflict of civil war : </li></ul><ul><li>conflict aroused and forced 3 million people to migrate from Yugoslavia </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental conditions: </li></ul><ul><li>Potato blight </li></ul>
  12. 12. WHERE DO PEOPLE MIGRATE? <ul><li>Global Migration Flows: In the last five centuries global migration has reached a unprecedented scale. European colonization has greatly influenced this. Mainly European to the Americas. </li></ul><ul><li>African slaves were among the first non-American Indian settlers in America. Brought here by the European slave trade. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Regional Migration Flows: The main reason for regional migration flows is economic opportunities. Short-term jobs lure young men from other countries. </li></ul><ul><li>They then send their money to their families back home. </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict and war is another main reason for regional migration. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>National Migration Flows: Also know as Internal Migration Flows. In the U.S.A one of the major migration flows occurred when the center of the </li></ul><ul><li>population moved west. In Russia people migrated east, near the pacific coast. Because of Mexican immigration to the United States legally and illegally, North Mexico is experiencing a labor shortage. Southern Mexicans are moving north to fill the shortage. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Guest Workers <ul><li>What is a guest worker? </li></ul><ul><li>- A guest worker is a labor worker who moves to another country to find short term work and sometimes permanent work. </li></ul><ul><li>- Guest Workers are completely legal with all of their documents and visas. </li></ul><ul><li>- Usually Guest Workers work long hours for low pay and in some situations, the government of the country can decline them and send them back to their home country. </li></ul><ul><li>In Western Europe, they would hire guest workers to fill the void after workers who volunteered to go to World War II left. Then once the workers got back from war, the Guest Workers would return back to their home countries, but many decided to stay. </li></ul><ul><li>The number of Guest Workers can even change the country by adding more stores, churches and other things especially for the Guest Workers. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Refugees <ul><li>What is a refugee? </li></ul><ul><li>- A refugee is someone that is forced to leave the country. </li></ul><ul><li>- Refugees have harsh conditions (low food, low water, poor shelter) </li></ul><ul><li>Internal displaced persons- Refugees that aren’t forced to leave the country, but instead move somewhere else inside the country (EX. Katrina refugees, move somewhere else inside the states. </li></ul><ul><li>Refugees are usually forced to move due to wars or conflicts that are taking place in their community. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Middle East <ul><li>Many refugees like to come along in these areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the Muslims because of 9/11 moved to Iraq and Afghanistan for safety. </li></ul><ul><li>And many of them go to Iraq and Afghanistan because of religion and beliefs. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Africa <ul><li>Africa about 8 million “official” refugees. </li></ul><ul><li>Sudan which was in a big civil war fro two decades has one of the biggest refugee problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Uganda was also affected by this because of some of the damage in Sudan 1.6 million go to Uganda. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Europe and Other Regions <ul><li>In 1990 Yugoslavia collapsed causing the largest refugee crisis in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a total of 6,056,600 refugees in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Columbia has a series displaced persons problem numbering between 2 and 3 million people. </li></ul><ul><li>People leave Columbia because they are vulnerable to armed attacks and don’t want to get shot </li></ul>
  20. 20. North Africa And Southwest Asia <ul><li>Millions of refugees came from the Gulf War of 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>The current war has generated 2 million refugees </li></ul><ul><li>The Taliban enforced strict Islamic rules </li></ul><ul><li>All the countries of Southwest Asia have to deal with refugees </li></ul>
  21. 21. South Asia and Southeast Asia <ul><li>South Asia is the third ranking geographic realm </li></ul><ul><li>More than 3 million refugees </li></ul>
  22. 22. How Do Governments Affect Migration?
  23. 23. Legal Restrictions <ul><li>Immigration laws </li></ul><ul><li>“ Laws and regulations of a state designed to specifically to regulate immigrating into certain states” </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration in The USA from 1820 – 2007 (millions) </li></ul><ul><li>Around the early 1900s the US congress put in place strict immigration laws which caused a substantial drop in immigrants </li></ul>
  24. 24. Post – September 11 <ul><li>“ Since September 11, 2001, government immigration policies have incorporated security concerns” </li></ul><ul><li>The US has enforced stricter laws to keep out asylum seekers/ illegal immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>New government policies affect illegal immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Worries have been increasing for the US Justice department due to illegal immigrants slipping trough US Borders. </li></ul>

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