Downshifting
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Downshifting

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Downshifting Downshifting Presentation Transcript

  • Las preguntas deberán ser respondidas en inglés II. CHOOSE ONLY TWO FROM THE THREE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS: Duración de la prueba: 1hora y 30 minutos Esta hoja NO SE ENTREGA A. LEXICON (1 point; 0.25 for each correct answer). Find words or phrases in the text that mean the same as these given.DOWNSHIFTING 1. Regularly travelling a long distance to go to work.While many are seeking to climb the material ladder in life, others have reached 2. Present.the upper rungs and found out it is not all its cracked up to be; some choose to set 3. Appropriate for.a different course - downshifting. 4. Suddenly.Downshifting is the concept of living in voluntary simplicity, usually withenvironmental sustainability in mind, although this is not necessarily the focus or B. PHONETICS. (1 point; 0.25 for each correct answer)primary motivator. People downshift their lives because of a desire for a better 1. Find a word in the text containing the diphthong /e /quality of life and a safer environment for their children. Many also said they were 2. Find a word in the text containing the diphthong / /unfulfilled by their current job and were tired of commuting. 3. Which of these words contain the same vowel as “course”?Downshifters for the most part dont drop out of society or the workforcealtogether; many high paid executives simply change their work focus from big a) work b) hour c) boredbusiness to lower-paying jobs in the non-profit sector. However, around two of the 4. Is the –ed ending in “reached” voiced /d/ or voiceless /t/?fourteen million European downshifters have given up the rat race completely andchosen to live and work in the country. That involves moving from their currenthome to purchase a house in an environment suited to their hobbies or need for III. USE OF ENGLISH. (3 points; 0.5 for each correct answer). Rewrite the following sentences starting with the words given.peace. 1. Specialists say that the company was The company ...Downshifters tend to reject items related to social status, plan spending carefully, profitable last year.eat out less and take less holidays away from home. This process to so-called 2. I’ll see him on Saturday. I look forward to it. I look forward ...“post-materialism” doesnt occur overnight, but is refined over a number of years 3. He started to teach at this school in June. He’s ... [Adapted from http://www.greenlivingtips.com/articles/118/1/What-is-downshifting.html] 4. Our house has just been painted. We ... QUESTIONS 5. It’s a pity you didn’t invite her to the party. You ...I. READING COMPREHENSION (2 points; 0.5 for each correct 6. Have they given you the news? Has ...answer). Add TRUE or FALSE and copy evidence from the text tosupport your answer. NO MARKS are given for only true or false. IV. COMPOSITION (3 points). Write a composition of between 100 and 1. Some people are disappointed with their lives in spite of their 125 words on ONE of the following topics. Specify your option. economic success.  Advantages and disadvantages of single-sex schools. 2. Downshifters are often ecologically-aware.  Are famous people treated unfairly by the media ? Should they be 3. Downshifting involves earning less money. given more privacy, or is an invasion into their private lives the 4. There are about 16 million downshifters in Europe. price of their fame?
  • QUESTIONS-ANSWER KEYI. READING COMPREHENSION (2 points; 0.5 for each correct answer). Add TRUE orFALSE and copy evidence from the text to support your answer. NO MARKS are given for onlytrue or false. 1. TRUE. “others have reached the upper rungs and found out it is not all it’s cracked up to be” 2. TRUE “Downshifting is the concept of living in voluntary simplicity, usually with environmental sustainability in mind” 3. TRUE “many high paid executives simply change their work focus from big business to lower-paying jobs in the non-profit sector” 4. FALSE “fourteen million European downshifters”II. LEXICON / PHONETICS:A. LEXICON (1 point; 0.25 for each correct answer). Find words or phrases in the text that mean the same as these given. 1. Regularly travelling a long distance to go to work. COMMUTING 2. Present. CURRENT 3. Appropriate for. SUITED TO 4. Suddenly. OVERNIGHTB. PHONETICS. (1 point; 0.25 for each correct answer) 1. Find a word in the text containing the diphthong /e / SUSTAINABILITY, SAFER, THEY, PAID, CHANGE, PAYING, RACE, PURCHASE, RELATED, STATUS, TAKE, HOLIDAYS, AWAY. 2. Find a word in the text containing the diphthong / / ALTHOUGH, FOCUS, MOTIVATOR, ALSO, MOST, DON’T, [LOWER/ә ә/], CHOSEN, HOME, SOCIAL, PROCESS, SO-CALLED, OVERNIGHT, OVER. 3. Which of these words contain the same vowel as “course”? a) work b) hour c) bored 4. Is the –ed ending in “reached” voiced /d/ or voiceless /t/? VOICELESS /t/III. USE OF ENGLISH. (3 points; 0.5 for each correct answer). Rewrite the followingsentences starting with the words given.1. Specialists say that the company was The company is said to have been profitable last year. profitable last year. I look forward to seeing him on2. I’ll see him on Saturday. I look forward to it. Saturday. He’s been teaching at this school since3. He started to teach at this school in June. June4. Our house has just been painted. We have just had our house painted. You should have invited her to the5. It’s a pity you didn’t invite her to the party. party.6. Have they given you the news? Has the news been given to you?