Choose one of the following options: How to start MS-DOS Important Tips DOS Commands - Quick Review Exit Tutorial
Starting MS-DOS Main Menu X Press [win+r] from your keyboard to pop-up Run window. Type [cmd] and press [Enter] Now a command prompt window will appear.
Important Tips Main Menu X In command prompt by default your are in system root drive (c:) with user account. for example C:Documents And Settings There are two types of commands External and Internal generally we use Internal commands. By default your active drive is C, any command you enter is for active drive. To have general help in command prompt type help and press enter or to get help for a specific command type the name of command added with /? for example tree/? To repeat a command press upward arrow from keyboard. To stop any processing command press Ctrl+C. To copy any information displayed in command prompt go to the top left corner of command prompt window and while clicking on it you get a menu, from there select Edit then Mark. Now highlight the area of text you want to copy and press Enter. After pressing Enter your selected text has been stored to clipboard. Now open any word processor or simply notepad and paste copied data here(Ctrl+V) Show Images Commands are always same whether you type in uppercase or lowercase. Press Alt+Enter to run command prompt in full screen.
DOS Commands Main Menu X Use all commands at your own risk. Only some basic and frequently used commands are listed here. Explanation and syntax of some commands is modified to make it simpler for non IT students. Click a command to view its usage and examples. ATTRIB CHKDSK DATE EDIT FORMAT HELP LABEL MD TIME CLS DEFRAG EXIT TREE COPY DEL DIRAll commands are tested on windowXP sp2with MS-DOS version 5.1.2600
ATTRIB Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Changes or displays the attributes of a file. SYNTAX attrib drive:pathfile(with file extension) /switches SWITCHES +R Changes specified file to read-only, which means the file cannot be overwritten or erased -R Changes specified file to read-write, which means the file may be overwritten or erased +A Changes file setting to archived. -A Changes file setting to not archived. +H Changes specified file to hidden, which means the file will not be visible in explorer. -H Makes hidden files visible again. +S Marks specified file as system files (super hidden). -S Removes system attributes from file. EXAMPLE attrib d:musicrehman.mp3 +s +h attrib e:bollywallpapershotkatrina.jpg +r -h +a
CHKDSK Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Analyzes, diagnoses, and optionally corrects common hard-disk errors. SYNTAX chkdsk drive: /switches SWITCHES /f Enables auto-correction mechanism. When lost clusters are found. EXAMPLE chkdsk c: /f chkdsk d:
CLS Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Clears the dos screen. SYNTAX cls SWITCHES There are no switches for this command.
COPY Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Copies and hence can overwrite files. SYNTAX Copy sourcedrive:pathfile targetdrive:path /switches SWITCHES /y Forces overwriting of existing files with same name, without prompting you to overwrite. /-y Force DOS to prompt for conformation before overwriting existing files. EXAMPLE copy h:musicairtel.mp3 d:ringtone /y copies airtel.mp3 from music folder in H drive to ringtone folder in D drive without asking you to overwrite if it already exist there. copy h:musicairtel.mp3 d:ringtone /-y copies airtel.mp3 from music folder in H drive to ringtone folder in D drive. It will prompt you for confirmation to overwrite existing file.
DATE Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Displays the current date and prompts you to enter another. To leave the date unchanged, press Enter. SYNTAX date SWITCHES This command have no switches. EXAMPLE Date Displays the current date and prompts you enter new.
DEFRAG Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Speeds up disk performance by reorganizing fragmented files. SYNTAX defrag sourcedrive: /switches SWITCHES -f Forces defragmentation -a Analyze only EXAMPLE defrag h: -a Only analyze H drive if there exists any fragmented files. defrag h: -f Force defragmentation on H drive.
DEL Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List This command can erase or overwrite your files. Delete Files SYNTAX del sourcedrive:pathfile SWITCHES This command do not have any switches. EXAMPLE del h:musicairtel.mp3 deletes airtel.mp3 from music folder in H drive to Use this command cautiously
DIR Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Displays a list of files and directories(folders) stored in a drive. SYNTAX dir sourcedrive:path /switches SWITCHES /a:d Displays all folders stored in the drive or path specified. /a:h Displays all hidden files and folders stored in the drive or path specified. /s Displays all folders with files contained in them in a sorted manner EXAMPLE dir h:music Shows all files and folders stored in music folder on H drive dir h:music /a:d Shows only folders stored in music folder on H drive dir h:music /a:h Shows all hidden files and folders stored in music folder on H drive dir h:music /s Shows all folders (in music folder on H drive) with files contained in them in a sorted manner
EDIT Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List It is a simple text editor for MS-DOS It can also open a text file from specified location for editing. (images) SYNTAX edit sourcedrive:pathfile SWITCHES This command do not have any switches. EXAMPLE edit opens the editor window. edit h:musicali.txt opens the editor window with the file ali.txt stored in music folder of H drive.
EXIT Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List It simply brings you out of the command prompt. Exits MS-DOS SYNTAX exit
FORMAT Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List This command can format your whole drive with a new file system. SYNTAX format sourcedrive: /switches SWITCHES /fs: Specify file system ntfs, fat or fat32. /v: Specify new volume label. /x Forces volume to dismount first if necessary. all opened handles to that volume will be inaccessible. EXAMPLE format h: /fs:ntfs /v:misc /x formats H drive by ntfs file system with new volume label as misc Use this command cautiously
HELP Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Displays help for various commands in MS-DOS. SYNTAX help SWITCHES There are no switches for this command.
LABEL Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Adds or modifies a disk volume label. SYNTAX label sourcedrive: SWITCHES There are no switches for this command. EXAMPLE label H:misc This will change volume label of H drive to misc.
MD Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Creates a new folder at specified path. SYNTAX md sourcedrive:path SWITCHES There are no switches for this command. EXAMPLE md H:musicali_new This will create a new folder in music folder of H drive by the name ali_new
TIME Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Display and allow changes to the system time. SYNTAX time SWITCHES There are no switches for this command. EXAMPLE time This will display the current time and prompt you to enter new time. If you do not want to change simply press Enter.
TREE Open BACK to X MS-DOS Command List Display the file-folder structure of the drive or folder specified. SYNTAX tree sourcedrive: /switches SWITCHES /f Includes the filenames in each subfolder. EXAMPLE tree h: displays all folders with there subfolders of H drive. tree h: /f displays all folders with there subfolders and files contained in them of H drive.
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