When The Earth Shook.
Grade - 5
Duration :- 35 min
By:- Avdhesh Kumar Lawania,
Natural Disaster / Calamity
• A natural disaster is a major adverse event
resulting from natural processes of, or
effecting, the Earth; ex. floods, severe
weather, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and
other geologic processes.
• A natural disaster can cause loss of life or
property damage, and typically leaves some
economic damage in its wake, the severity of
which depends on the affected
population's flexibility, or ability to recover.
Earthquake is a violent tremor in the earth’s crust,
sending out a series of shock waves in all directions
from its place of origin or epicenter.
For instance, if you throw stone in a pond of still
water, series of concentric waves are produced on
the surface of water, these waves spread out in all
directions from the point where the stone strikes
the water similarly, any sudden disturbances in the
earth’s crust may produce vibrations in the crust
which travel in all directions from point of
Causes of Earthquake
Earthquakes are caused by sudden release
of energy in rocks. Plates in the form of
rocks are moving very slowly and earthquake
occur when moving plates grind and scrape
against each other. The point at which an
earthquake originates is the focus or
hypocenter and the point on the earth’s
surface; directly above this is epicenter.
The study of earthquake is called
• Some time faults develop in the
plates of the Earth move,
shake and rub against each
other causing earthquakes in
• Earth’s crust. And the
dislocated parts of the earth’s
surface moves up and down or to
the sides. Due to the friction
the earth surface vibrate.
• During volcanic activity, due to
the internal movements the
earths surface receives tremors.
Date Place m Scale
Set.2 , 1993 Latur
6.3 Large areas of Maharashtra rocked.
10,000 people lost lives
May 22, 1997 Jabalpur
6.0 40 person killed and over 100 injured
March 29, 1999 Nandprayag 6.8 widespread destruction in chamoli ,
rudraprayag and other areas. Massive
loss of human life
Jan. 26 2001 Bhuj (gujrat) 7.8 Tremors left by India and its
neighboring countries. Over 1 lakh
people killed. Huge loss to property and
Oct. 8, 2005 Muzzaffarabad
7.4 Heavy damage to life and property.
Death toll about one lakh in Pakistan
and nearly 2000 in India
List of Major Earthquakes
Picture of search and rescue operation of
Latur Earthquake 1993
Post – disaster picture from
Kashmir earthquake 2005
Hazardous Effects of
- Loss of life and property
- Damage to infrastructure
- Topographical changes
- Damage to transport system i.e. roads, railways, highways,
- Chances of fire short-circuit.
- Chances of Floods – Dams and Embankments can develop
- Chances of outburst of epidemic
- Water pipes, sewers are disrupted
- Communications such as telephone wires are damaged.
- Economic activities like agriculture, industry, trade and
transport are severely affected.
- Unusual animal behavior
- Changes in water level
- Temperature change
- Large scale fluctuations of oil flow from oil wells
- Foreshocks or minor shocks before major
- Changes in seismic wave velocity.
Earthquake safety rules
If you are in a house
• don’t use lift for getting down from building
• be prepared to move with your family
If you are in shop, school, office or theater
• Don’t run for an exit. Stampede could prove fatal
• take cover under a desk/table
• move to corner or side walls
• move away from window glass
• Do not go near electric points and cable. Keep away from
weak portion of the building and false ceiling
If you are in high rise building
- Take protection under a desk/table
- Don’t rush for exits
- Stay in the building until the shaking stops
- Don’t use elevator
If you are outside
- Avoid high buildings, walls, power lines and other
objects that could fall and create block
- Don’t run through streets
- If possible, move on to an open area away from hazard
If you are in vehicle
- Stop in a safe and open place
- Remain inside vehicle
- Close windows, doors and vents
After an Earthquake
• Keep calm, switch on the transistor radio and obey
• Keep away from beaches and low banks of river. A huge
wave may sweep in
• Expect aftershocks
• Turn off the water, gas and electricity
• Do not smoke, light match or use a cigarette lighter
• Do not turn on switches there may be gas leak or short
• Use a torch
• If there is any fire, try to put it out or call fire brigade
• Immediately clean up any inflammable products that may
• If you aware of people have been buried, tell the rescue
team. Do not rush and try not to worsen the situation.
• Avoid places where there are loose electric wires and do
not come in contact with any metal object
• Do not drink water from open containers without having
• Eat something. You will better and more capable of
• Do not re enter badly damaged buildings and do not go
near damage structures
• Do not walk around the streets to see what is happening.
Keep the streets clear so rescue vehicles can access the
26th January 2001
1. Video of Survivor of Bhuj earthquake Victim.
2. Video Of Bhuj Disaster.
3. Video of Volunteer service in Bhuj.
A special thanks to Sh. Anuj Ajmeri for these Videos.
26th January 2001
On the morning of January 26, 2001, the Nation’s
52nd Republic Day, a devastating earthquake
occurred in the Kutch district of the state
The earthquake was felt as far away as Delhi in the
north, Kolkata in the east and Chennai in the south.
Bhuj town and the village Bhachau, 60 km east of
Bhuj, were the worst affected and many other areas
of Gujarat including its state headquarters
Ahmedabad, were badly affected
• There were more than 20,000 deaths and 167,000 people
• Four districts of Gujarat lay in ruin and altogether, 21 districts
• Around 300,000 families and at least 3 million children aged
14 and under were affected.
• Around 600,000 people were left homeless.
• In the city of Bhuj, more than 3,000 inhabitants of the city lost
their lives; the main hospital was crushed and close to 90% of
the buildings was destroyed.
• There was significant damage to infrastructure with facilities
such as hospitals, schools, electric power and water systems,
bridges and roads damaged or destroyed.
A homeless family waits for a ride amid ruined houses
and a funeral pyre in the village near Bhuj.
5 year old girl recovers at a hospital in Bhuj on
Monday after Friday's massive earthquake
Role of Local Community
• The response within India was immediate. The
national and state governments quickly provided
assistance in many forms including cash, medical
supplies, communications teams, shelters, food,
clothing, transport and relief workers.
• There were more than 185 non-government
organizations (NGOs), mostly Indian charities,
which undertook earthquake-related activities
International Help in
Search and Rescue teams soon arrived from
Switzerland, United Kingdom, Russia and
Turkey to find and rescue survivors buried
Relief teams and supplies soon followed from
38 countries as well as United Nations agencies
and many international NGOs such as the Red