Chapter 14 The Human Genome By Heidi Erdenetsogt
Human Heredity The human body is made up of chromosomes which all contain at least one X chromosome .
<ul><li>There are 23 X chromosomes and 23 Y chromosomes in males. </li></ul><ul><li>In females, there  </li></ul><ul><li>a...
Male Chromosomes <ul><li>In males, since there is only 1 X chromosome the X-linked alleles are expressed in males although...
Nondisjunction <ul><li>When gametes are caused to have an abnormal chromosomes count, causing a chromosomes number disorde...
Human Genome Project <ul><li>The Human Genome Project is the attempt to sequence all human DNA. </li></ul>
Gene Therapy <ul><li>Gene therapy is the process in which a missing or not working gene is replaced with a good gene. </li...
DNA Fingerprinting <ul><li>DNA fingerprinting is a method which can be used to determine the identification of a specific ...
Karyotype <ul><li>It is the picture formed after cutting and arranging chromosomes into a photograph which is then called ...
Pedigree <ul><li>A pedigree is a diagram that is used to show the relationships within a family. </li></ul>
Genetic Disorders <ul><li>A small change in DNA of one cell can effect protein structures thus causing a genetic disorder ...
THE END! (;
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4chapter14

  1. 1. Chapter 14 The Human Genome By Heidi Erdenetsogt
  2. 2. Human Heredity The human body is made up of chromosomes which all contain at least one X chromosome .
  3. 3. <ul><li>There are 23 X chromosomes and 23 Y chromosomes in males. </li></ul><ul><li>In females, there </li></ul><ul><li>are 46 X chromosomes. </li></ul>The Chromosomes
  4. 4. Male Chromosomes <ul><li>In males, since there is only 1 X chromosome the X-linked alleles are expressed in males although recessive . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Nondisjunction <ul><li>When gametes are caused to have an abnormal chromosomes count, causing a chromosomes number disorder . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Human Genome Project <ul><li>The Human Genome Project is the attempt to sequence all human DNA. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gene Therapy <ul><li>Gene therapy is the process in which a missing or not working gene is replaced with a good gene. </li></ul>
  8. 8. DNA Fingerprinting <ul><li>DNA fingerprinting is a method which can be used to determine the identification of a specific individual. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Karyotype <ul><li>It is the picture formed after cutting and arranging chromosomes into a photograph which is then called a karyotype. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Pedigree <ul><li>A pedigree is a diagram that is used to show the relationships within a family. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Genetic Disorders <ul><li>A small change in DNA of one cell can effect protein structures thus causing a genetic disorder such as cystic fibrosis or sickle cell disease. </li></ul>
  12. 12. THE END! (;
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