Goals of interviewer training To increase sensi+vity of par+cipants to gender issues; To develop a basic understanding of gender-‐ based violence, its characteris+cs, causes and impact on the health of women and children; To understand the goals of the study/module; To learn skills for interviewing, taking into account safety and ethical guidelines; To become familiar with the ques+onnaire / module (and protocol) martes 5 de julio de 2011
Example of training schedule Day 1 Sensi+za+on to concepts of gender and violence Presenta+ons from advocacy groups/NGOs Exposure to support op+ons for women living with violence Aim and overview of the study ques+onnaire Interviewing techniques and safety measures martes 5 de julio de 2011
Day 2 Detailed ques+on by ques+on explana+on of ques+onnaire Role-‐plays on approaching the household and using the complete ques+onnaire, prac+ce how to respond if interview interrupted or if respondent becomes distressed and other diﬃcult situa+onsmartes 5 de julio de 2011
Day 3-‐5 Sampling procedures, including repeated visits to reduce non-‐response Pilot tes+ng of ques+onnaire/module and all ﬁeld procedures, including logis+cs, safety measures, supervisory procedures, debrieﬁng and feedback sessions Final adjustments to ques+onnaire and ﬁeld procedures Separate sessions for supervisors on supervisory proceduresmartes 5 de julio de 2011
Interviewer training Use mul+ple training techniques: Group work, brainstorming, presenta+ons, discussion, role plays, games, energizers, ﬁlm, demonstra+on, involving others (‘vic+ms’, psychologists/councellers)martes 5 de julio de 2011
Practical recommendations Importance of good planning -‐ pays oﬀ in the end Allow suﬃcient +me for training of ﬁeld supervisors Use pilot study (ﬁeld prac+ce) also prac+ce training for the ﬁeld supervisors/editors and data entry staﬀ Start with the easy area -‐ oVen rural loca+on Start slow, need to have ongoing training/brieﬁngs in par+cular in ﬁrst weeksmartes 5 de julio de 2011
Lessons learned Training and ﬁeldwork Ensure opportuni+es during training to interview vic+ms of violence Training and pilot essen+al phases for ﬁnalizing ques+onnaire Imagina+ve strategies to reduce non-‐response Privacy is hard to ensure -‐ share strategies Provide opportuni+es (e.g. phone number) for respondents to check legi+macy of interview Issues around random selec+on eligible womenmartes 5 de julio de 2011
Reducing non-response Importance of working with gate-‐keepers to communi+es such as health workers Importance of geXng to eligible women (once started, most will ﬁnish) Will oVen need to hold interviews in evening and weekends More than three return visits may be needed, especially in urban sitesmartes 5 de julio de 2011
Evidence of importance of training: Special training vs professional interviewers (dedicated survey, Serbia, 2003) Inexperienced, Professional, 3 week training 1 day training Response rate 93% 86% Disclosure rate 26% 21% Respondent satisfaction – with 46% 29% violence Respondent satisfaction – without 46% 38% violencemartes 5 de julio de 2011
“... I hardly could pull myself together not to cry. I wanted to get out of the house as soon as possible and cry out loud.... I hardly made it to the car; as soon as I told my whole team they all burst out in tears. The most painful thing for me was not being able to do anything. At the end I thought that this very research is about hope, and I have done my part.” (interviewer)martes 5 de julio de 2011
“Maybe I was media+ng by listening to her for half an hour, and it was worth the world when at the end she thanks me and tells me she felt worthy.” (interviewer)martes 5 de julio de 2011
Research as social action For interviewers: a life-‐changing experience, with many going on working on women issues For respondents: their awareness was raised, they were listened to, and they were made to feel worthy martes 5 de julio de 2011
Field work – immediately following the training!martes 5 de julio de 2011
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