1 Company Overview Dr. Richard Colgren Vice President and Chief Scientist January 2012Viking Aerospace, LLC This presentation contains no company proprietary materials and isIndependence, OR 97371 composed of information freely available in the public domain.
2 Outline• Company Purpose and Background• Customers and Uses• Flight Control Systems• Ground Stations / Support Equipment• Sensors / Sensor Integration• Air Vehicles• Training• Discussion
3Viking Aerospace - Mission and Objectives • Viking Aerospace develops and markets fixed- wing and rotary-wing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and systems (UASs) achieving customer needs by combining modern design tools and system theory with advanced sensor technologies and state-of-the-art embedded computing. • Viking Aerospace strives for a leading role as an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) provider of unmanned aerial vehicles and systems for the world-wide civil and defense UAV market. Furthermore, we aim to achieve strategic partnerships with synergetic impact for development and sale. US developer, integrator, support and sales for weControl autopilot systems since 2005 & aeroscout since 2008.
4 Customers – Partial List • Large Aerospace Companies (Lockheed Martin, Honeywell)• Small Companies (AGNC, Heliboyz and other aerial photographers)• National Laboratories (SRNL/DOE, NSF, USGS)• State Highway Patrol, DEA, FBI• Air Force Research Laboratory• Universities (Carnegie Mellon, Cal Poly SLO, Cal Poly Pomona, KU, K- State, SDSU)
5 Civilian GovernmentState Highway Patrol: Photo software for accident re-construction.Police and SWAT: Quickly assess potential threats. Our UAVs excel inphysically challenging environments, daytime or night.Fire and Rescue: Prevent simple fire scenes from expanding.Border Patrol: Operate twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week inharsh weather and over extreme temperature ranges.Security: Antiterrorism, crowd management, hostages, search & rescue.Emergency Response: Manage disasters with real time observations.Facilities Protection: Operate constantly in a surveillance and datagathering mode to review perimeters, identify potential threats, andrespond quickly if an intrusion does occur.National Parks and Wildlife Management: Managing large remote andisolated areas.Research and Development: Several University R&D programs.
6 MilitaryReconnaissance and Surveillance: Military surveillance operationsare often from and over hostile and rugged terrain. The ability to offerbetter intelligence and higher quality real time data is the key tosuccess. This must be provided reliably twenty-four hours a day.Optional FLIR sensors and other payloads offer detailed video withembedded time and GPS position tagging via the autopilot.Battlefield: Battlefield operations are rapidly changing. Hostile actionsoften occur within urban areas. Operations are as often from and overremote rugged terrain. The ability to offer EO/IR ‘eyes’ on a target withan accurate GPS position is crucial for successful operations. Our UAVscan be rapidly deployed and easily operated with minimal support.Hazardous Materials Sensing: Our UAVs can be equipped withhazardous materials sensing packages. We have demonstrated theability to pickup and drop custom sensing payloads, such as those todetect radiation or ‘sniff’ for biologic agents, pathogens and other typesof airborne elements. Our UAVs can be used for military testing, battlefield training, base camp perimeter management and advanced re-con.
7 CivilianReal Estate: Our UAVs offer unprecedented features for documentingproperty: excellent transportability, superior hovering capabilities,electric propulsion for quiet operations, and payload weight.Agriculture and Conservation: Fly pre-loaded and saved missions viathe fully automated ground station for time-lapse photos of fields.Repeat flight profiles over all seasons for land and soil management.Construction: Photos and videos from multiple angles with optionalphoto rendering software are used to create 3D maps and topography.Oil, Gas and Electrical Utilities: Our UAVs allow operators to videoand photo long pipelines and transmission lines in a fraction of the time.Maritime and Shipping: Our maritime and shipping applications are inthe context of high seas defense and protection. Simple to use autopilotand camera systems provide easy surveillance and threat assessment.Movies and Videography: Our UAVs provide unique views withexpansive panning over many altitudes. The autopilot’s pre-designedmission management with R/C control provides the ultimate shot.
8 Flight Control Systems - Manual Operations - Augmented Operations - Fully Autonomous Operations“I thought that automatic pilot was getting a little too smart.”
9Driving Motive … Future UASsIncreasing UAV Autonomy Current FULL SITUATIONAL UAVs AWARENESS WITH QUICK RESPONSE RPVs AUTONOMOUS MISHAP RATES OPERATION O(MANNED PILOT AIRCRAFT) INFLIGHT REQUIRED REPROGRAMMING ROBUST, ADAPTIVE HIGHLY DIAGNOSTICS / PREPROGRAMED SUPERVISED PROGNOSTICS DETERMINISTIC RESPONSE MISSION LEVEL IN FLIGHT REPROGRAMMING Drones FORMATION FLIGHT Tier III-
10 Flight Control Modes(Stability Augmentation) /Surfaces /Yaw
11 Manual/YACS Mode (Stability Augmentation)Hand held remote controls and ground stations with joysticksare available. One example is the JR’s XP9303, which is a 9-channel, 30-model memory, 3-model type. It comes with theconvenience and security of Spektrum DSM2 2.4 GHztechnology. Panasonic Toughbooks® and ground stations withPelican waterproof ruggedized cases are also used.
14 Flight Control Design Process• Modeling Phase: Derive and validate the dynamic equations for the UAV and identify the system uncertainties in terms of their locations within the system equations and their bounds.• Design Phase: Design a stabilizing robust controller based on the model of the uncertain system including flight test data.• Verification Phase: Demonstrate closed-loop performance and robustness through analytical analysis, computer simulation and flight testing.
15 Optimal Performance through Design Innovation • Specifications • System Structure • Dynamic Analysis Simulation Validation Extract Inherent in Solution Math Model Developmentfrom Frequency Simulation Responses Use Simulation in Development System Life-Cycle Optimization Aircraft and Validation Flight Testing
16 High Fidelity Dynamic Modeling q(rps)PitchCyclic δb1s
17 Time Domain Identification – Frequency Sweep- Useful for identifying helicopter dynamics …
26Ground Station Software – Any PC Options - Laptop Operations - Standard RC Unit - Support Equipment• weGCS ground control station software• UAV mission planning and control• UAV real time position and onboard status information• Autopilot Mode Selection: Manual/Assisted/Mission/Homing
27New Ground Station Software – Dell XT2 Dell XT2 with Custom Opera5on System
28Laptops for Ground Station Software and Video Systems • Several MS Windows ready laptops available. • Ground station and video software pre-loaded and tested. • Panasonic Toughbook® laptop computers. - Endure 3-foot drops - Withstand violent shocks and vibrations - Temperatures from -20° F to over 140° - High altitude operations - Work under increased atmospheric pressure - 14 inch viewing LCD - Magnesium alloy cases - Small and lightweight for easy carrying
29Mission Sensors / Sensor Integration Flight Operations and Surveillance Systems
30 Example Airborne Sensors Sony EVI-D70 FLIR Photon 320RIEGL LMS-Q160 Laser Scanner VISAIR 130/150/180
31 Wolverine III The Wolverine III is a quiet, fully electric UAV helicopter capable of flying manually or autonomously for 50 minutes on a battery charge. The batteries can be replaced in 30 seconds for rapid re-launch.Wolverine III is a 18 lb aircraft with 15 lbsof payload + batteries. It has the ability tocarry front mounted payloads, slungpayloads or mid-ship payloads. Theconfiguration is easily configured for avariety of uses and is well suited togimbaled payloads.
32 General Information – Wolverine IIIAircraft Data Unique FeaturesParameter Value - GPS lost attitude controllerMain Rotor Diameter 72 in - Optional pseudo autorotation algorithmHeight 20 in - Configurable link lost behaviorLength 60 in - Tested in severe wind conditionsWeight 18 lbs - 2 or 3 blade semi-rigid rotorPower 6 kW (8 hp) configurations availablePerformanceOperational Radius: 7 miles Std.(Transceiver Independent FCS)Endurance: 45 min hoverOperating Speed: 25 mphMax Payload + Batteries: 15 lbs
33Scout B1-100 TECHNICAL DATA Parameter Value Main rotor diameter 10.5 ft Tail rotor diameter 2.1 ft Main rotor speed 840 rpm Empty weight (no fuel, no payload) 97 lbs Gasoline engine 100 cc Engine power (approx.) 18 HP Electric starter (onboard included) 12 V Length 10.8 ft Width 1.6 ft Height (approx.) 3.3 ft PAYLOAD DATA Optional autonomous INS/GPS flight control system 8.0 lbs (incl. battery) Standard fuel tank (approx.) 22.0 lbs Free payload capacity (approx.) 40.0 lbs
34Yak UAV Trainer Low Cost: Low acquisition cost with individual airframe components available (wings, fuselage, horizontal tails, et cetera) separately at low cost. The IMU, GPS, and flight computer are in a rugged custom machined aluminum housing. Easy Testing and Data Processing: We provide a serial port on the flight computer for you to send high level commands (airspeed, vertical velocity, turn rate, et cetera) for testing obstacle avoidance, terrain following, automatic landing, et cetera technologies. This system comes standard with its own full waypoint tracking ability including command, control, and data collecting ground station software.
36 Hawkeye – Prototype SystemThe Hawkeye is designed for a 50% longer range than current UAVs in its payloadclass, to be very portable and cost-effective. It is a modular design. The aircraft hasfour easily removable wing sections, changing its performance capabilities quicklyand easily. No special launching or recovery mechanism is required.
37 Summary Data – HawkeyeRange 200+ nmEndurance 8+ hoursCruise Speed 55 knotsDash Speed 80 knotsMaximum Level Speed 100 knotsStall Speed 28 knotsCeiling 20,600 ftMaximum Rate of Climb 2,600 ft/minuteMaximum Climb Angle 30 degreesTake-off Run (ground run) / Min. Field Length 120 ft / 600 ftWingspan (long wing configuration) 14 ftMax Gross Weight 100 lbsEmpty Weight 50 lbsMaximum Payload and Fuel 50 lbsPayload Bay 24” x 9” x 5.25”
38 Basic Flight Training (3 Days)Safety - Airspace Management - Checklists and Vehicle Documentation - Area Awareness - Emergency Landing and Awareness - Autopilot Systems Verification - Maintenance, Storage and Setup - Battery MaintenanceAssisted Mode Flight - Takeoff, Landing and Shutdowns - Maneuvering and PositioningMission Mode Flight - Positioning and Maneuvering - Software ‘Black Box’ Uploads and Downloads - Photo Gimbal Setup and Camera Usage“Hands On” Operations
39 Advanced Flight Training (5 Days)Advanced Safety - Airspace Management - GPS Off Awareness and Situation ReviewR/C Flight - Advanced Maneuvering and Positioning, GPS-Free Flying and Usage - Autopilot Mission Flying with Interrupt and Continue - Photo Management with Autopilot and ‘Lawn Mowing’ Flight Pattern - Custom Payload ManagementAdvanced Autopilot and System Training - Advanced R/C Autopilot, UAV Positioning and Maneuvering - Software ‘Black Box’ Uploads, Patches and Downloads - Photo Gimbal Setup and Camera UsageGround Station Mission Setup - Full PC Mission Setup and Planning - Map Calibration and Waypoint Management - Downloading and Customization of Missions to and from the UAVVehicle Support with “Hands On” Operations - Advanced Maintenance, Storage, Setup and Troubleshooting
40For further information see our web site:www.vikingaero.comCall us at:(503) 410-6390E-mail us at:email@example.comOr mail us at:Viking Aerospace, LLCP. O. Box 459Independence, 97351