Menstrual education for girls- Dr. Vikas Chothe
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  • 1. Menstrual Health and Hygiene -Dr. Supriya Shah (BAMS, PGDEMS, DYA) ‘ nLiten yourself ’ Feb 2012
  • 2. Key stages in life
    • infancy
    • childhood
    • adolescence
    • adulthood.
  • 3. Changes in adolescent girls:
  • 4. The female reproductive system Fallopian tube Clitoris Ovary Womb lining (endometrium) Womb (uterus) Cervix Vagina Inner lip Vaginal opening Anus Pubic hair Outer lip Opening for urine
  • 5. X 1. Ovulation 2. Thickening of the womb lining 3. Menstrual bleeding (period) The menstrual cycle Usually around 28 days long, but can range from 23 to 35 days . Egg
  • 6. Physical health issues:
        • Skin problems: Acne
        • Menstrual problems:
          • Pre-menstrual syndrome
          • Menstrual cramps
  • 7. Feelings during menses…
    • Abdominal cramps
  • 8. Weight gain and bloating
  • 9. Backpain and Bodyache
  • 10. Swollen or painful breasts
  • 11. Mental /behavioral health issues
        • Overly concerned about the looks
        • Irritable behavior, depression
  • 12. Headache and Irritability
  • 13. anger
  • 14. depression
  • 15. Short temper
    • … If these symptoms occur usually a week before menstruation and are severe, it is called premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  • 16. Some ways to cope
    • sanitary napkins
    • Menstrual Cups
  • 17. Some market names…
  • 18. Cloth pads are another alternative..
  • 19. When to visit a doctor ?...
    • Dysmenorrhoea – If menstruation is painful that is severe enough to limit normal activity or requires medication.
    • Menorrhagia - Excessive (>5-6 tsp. per day) uterine bleeding Prolonged (>7days) regular
    • If any discharge that is colored, has strong odor, or itches call a doctor…
  • 20. Amenorrhea
    • Amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation.
      • Absence of menses by age 14 without secondary sexual development.
      • Absence of menses for 6 months in a previously menstruating female.
  • 21. Thank you…
  • 22.