Syllable
syl-la-ble
/si-lə-bl/
Syllable
Syllable is the next
higher unit than the
phoneme. MAN-/mæn/
Phoneme is a minimal
contrastive unit of
sound. /m/,...
Count the syllables in a word
A word consists of ONE
(Monosyllable) or MORE than ONE
syllable (Polysyllable)
E.g. RAT- /ræ...
Are they Monosyllabic or
Polysyllabic?

Cat catch car
categorical casting
Boar beard beginning
bargain batch
Components of a syllable
Syllable

ONSET

RIME

(Releasing Consonant)

CONSONANT

NUCLEUS

CODA
(Arresting Consonant)
Components of a syllable with
EXAMPLE
Syllable
BAT /bæt/

ONSET

RIME
/æt/

(Releasing Consonant)
/b/

CONSONANT
/b/

NUCL...
Identify the onset in the
following syllables
/si:t/ - seat
/def/ - deaf
/ti:/ - tea
/spi:k/ - speak
/lɔs/ - loss
Hint– Co...
Identify the NUCLEUS
/sti:l/ - steal
/pet/ - pet
/kɔf/ - cough
/slæk/- slack
Hint– Nucleus is the VOWEL.
Nucleus is MANDAT...
Find the coda.
Note: Some syllables don’t have
coda

/ri:d/ -read
/ski:/- ski
/θred/ - thread
/θri:/ - three
/spred/ - spr...
Syllabic Consonants
/n/ /l/ /m/

Nucleus of some syllables are
occupied by certain
consonants which function like
vowels.
...
Syllabic Structure
CCC V CCCC or C 0-3 V C 0-4
No. of Consonants
Beginning of a syllable (ONSET)
Middle of a syllable
(NUC...
Types of Syllables
Structure
V
VC
CVC
CCCV
CCCVCC
CVCCCC

E.g.
I
all
girl
straw
sprained
tempts

/ai/
/ɔ:l/
/gɜ:l/
/strɔ:/...
Identify the structure of the
following syllables
/a:sk/ -ask
/reinz/ -rains
/stʌnts/ -stunts
/twelfθs/ -twelfths
/snæks/ ...
Consonant Clusters

CCC in the beginning or
CCCC in the end of a
syllable occurring together.
/trʌnks/ -/tr/,/nks/
Abutting Consonants
Send-/send/ number -/nʌm-bə/
/nd/ in send and /mb/ in number
Consonants which occur together in a
word...
θænk jʊ
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Syllable

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For basic understanding of knowing what syllable is.
Always use phonetic transcription(produce/ articulate the sounds in the word) to mark or identify syllables.

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Syllable

  1. 1. Syllable syl-la-ble /si-lə-bl/
  2. 2. Syllable Syllable is the next higher unit than the phoneme. MAN-/mæn/ Phoneme is a minimal contrastive unit of sound. /m/,/æ /,/n/
  3. 3. Count the syllables in a word A word consists of ONE (Monosyllable) or MORE than ONE syllable (Polysyllable) E.g. RAT- /ræt/ one syllable (Monosyllable) REDEEM- / rɪ-di:m /-two syllables (Disyllable) HUMANIST- /hju-mə-nist / three syllables (Trisyllable)
  4. 4. Are they Monosyllabic or Polysyllabic? Cat catch car categorical casting Boar beard beginning bargain batch
  5. 5. Components of a syllable Syllable ONSET RIME (Releasing Consonant) CONSONANT NUCLEUS CODA (Arresting Consonant)
  6. 6. Components of a syllable with EXAMPLE Syllable BAT /bæt/ ONSET RIME /æt/ (Releasing Consonant) /b/ CONSONANT /b/ NUCLEUS /æ/ CODA (Arresting Consonant) /t/
  7. 7. Identify the onset in the following syllables /si:t/ - seat /def/ - deaf /ti:/ - tea /spi:k/ - speak /lɔs/ - loss Hint– Consonant(s) that begins the syllable is ONSET. Consonants in a syllable are OPTIONAL.
  8. 8. Identify the NUCLEUS /sti:l/ - steal /pet/ - pet /kɔf/ - cough /slæk/- slack Hint– Nucleus is the VOWEL. Nucleus is MANDATORY.
  9. 9. Find the coda. Note: Some syllables don’t have coda /ri:d/ -read /ski:/- ski /θred/ - thread /θri:/ - three /spred/ - spread /ki:/ -key
  10. 10. Syllabic Consonants /n/ /l/ /m/ Nucleus of some syllables are occupied by certain consonants which function like vowels. button /bʌtn/ /bʌ-tn/ bottle /bɔtl/ /bɔ-tl/ rhythm /riðm/ /ri-ðm/
  11. 11. Syllabic Structure CCC V CCCC or C 0-3 V C 0-4 No. of Consonants Beginning of a syllable (ONSET) Middle of a syllable (NUCLEUS- only one vowel) End of a syllable (CODA) 0–3 0 0-4
  12. 12. Types of Syllables Structure V VC CVC CCCV CCCVCC CVCCCC E.g. I all girl straw sprained tempts /ai/ /ɔ:l/ /gɜ:l/ /strɔ:/ /spreind/ /tempts/
  13. 13. Identify the structure of the following syllables /a:sk/ -ask /reinz/ -rains /stʌnts/ -stunts /twelfθs/ -twelfths /snæks/ -snacks
  14. 14. Consonant Clusters CCC in the beginning or CCCC in the end of a syllable occurring together. /trʌnks/ -/tr/,/nks/
  15. 15. Abutting Consonants Send-/send/ number -/nʌm-bə/ /nd/ in send and /mb/ in number Consonants which occur together in a word but form part of two different syllables.
  16. 16. θænk jʊ
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