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Session 2 (Overview)

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Transcript

  • 1. Prof. Rosynella Cardozo R.
  • 2. 1- Generations in evaluation 2- Evaluation and assessment 3- Characteristics of tests 4.- Principles of test design – test formats 5.- Communicative testing
  • 3. 1st Generation: evaluators measure participants 2nd Generation: evaluators describe participants 3rd Generation: evaluators judge participants 4th Generation: evaluators negotiate with participants Guba, E. and Lincoln, Y. (1989). Fourth Generation Evaluation. Newbury Park: Sage Publications Inc.
  • 4. Assessment Analysis of documents Appraisals Evaluation EvaluationEvaluation Evaluation Administrators’ Counselors’ Teachers’ Community members’
  • 5. Exercise 1: general evaluation
  • 6. TYPES OF ASSESSMENT Formal Assessment (TESTING) Informal Assessment Self - Peer Assessment •Tests: •Exams •Quizzes •Workshops •Projects •Presentations •Homework •Etc. •Questionnaires •Diaries •Surveys •Descriptions •Etc.
  • 7. .- Validity A test is valid “if it measures accurately what it is intended to measure” (Hughes, A., 1989). Content validity The test tests what it is supposed to test Construct validity The test tests what it is supposed to test and nothing else Face validity The test appears to test what it is trying to test From a more delicate perspective, three types of validity can be spotted (Baxter, A., 1997):
  • 8. .- Reliability A test is reliable if it measures consistently. Results must be stable. a) Inter-rater reliability b) Intra-rater reliability
  • 9. .- Practicality a) Economy b) Resources c) Administration and scoring
  • 10. .- Washback Influence of teaching and learning
  • 11. 1- Guidelines for item design 2- Sample items 3- Formats 4- Multiple choice items
  • 12. Relevance Contextualization Meaningfulness Authenticity