A Pedagogical Approach to Wars: The Study of India and Pakistan as EFL Teaching Examples
UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGÓGICA EXPERIMENTAL LIBERTADOR INSTITUTO PEDAGÓGICO DE CARACAS DEPARTAMENTO DE IDIOMAS MODERNOS PROGRAMA INGLÉS CÁTEDRA DE CULTURA Y LITERATURA A PEDAGOGICAL APPROACH TO WARS THE STUDY OF INDIA AND PAKISTAN AS AN EFL TEACHING EXAMPLE INTRODUCCIÓN A LA LITERATURA Y LA CULTURA DEL MUNDO DE HABLA INGLESA Class: 001. Professor: David Durán Authors: Samuel Cruz & Ramón Oviedo Caracas, February 2011
INDIA •HISTORY OF INDIA EARLIEST TIMES AND EUROPEAN INVASIONS NATIONALISM, CONSTITUTION AND INDEPENDENCE INDIA AFTER PARTITION AND ROLE IN THE INDO-PAKISTANI CONF•THE LAND GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE•PEOPLE AND POPULATION CULTURE AND LITERATURE SOCIAL GROUPS AND RELIGION•NATIONAL ECONOMY ECONOMY FACTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, ACTIVITIES AND INDUSTRY•CONDITIONS OF THE ADMINISTRATION: GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE AND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
INDIA HISTORY OF INDIAEARLIEST TIMES1500 BC: Aryans from Central Europe invaded the civilization in the Indus Valley.500’s and 400’s BC: Flourishment of two religions from two popular reformers: Sidhartha Guatama Buddha, the enlightened one (Buddhism), Mahavira (Jainism).326 BC: Alexander the Great’s Greek invasion leaves certain conquered colonies.4th and 6th centuries CE: The Gupta Empire prompts the Indian “Golden Age.”700 CE: Afghan warrior Mahmud of Ghazni establishes a Muslim kingdon and brings the brought Islamic religion to the Valley.1498- 1503: Vasco da Gama’s voyages established Portuguese, Dutch, French, and English trade in the region.1600: Elizabeth I grants permission for the East India Company.1800: The British established means of communication and universities.1885: Creation of the Indian National Congress .1906: Creation of the All-India Muslim League, due to Muslim discomfort.
INDIA HISTORY OF INDIANATIONALISM, CONSTITUTION AND INDEPENDENCE1919: The British participated The Amritsar Massacre (April) and asked the Indians to fight in the World War I.1920: Mohandas Gandhi becomes a leader in the Indian independence movement and in the Indian National Congress through nonviolent disobedience or noncooperation.1934: Muhamad Ali Jinnah, head of the Muslin League, sought the creation of Muslin nation, Pakistan.1939: The British ask the Indians to fight in War World II, against Germany and Italy.1942: Gandhi tried to launch the peaceful Quit India Movement, before more Indians kept aiding the British; and he Muslims negotiate with the British their separation from India.1947: India and Pakistan go through partition, and India get its independence on August 15th.1948-1949: India goes to war with Pakistan over Kashmir, and Indian state mainly inhabited by Muslims.1949: Gandhi is killed by a Muslim intolerant fanatic
INDIA HISTORY OF INDIAINDIA AFTER PARTITION AND ROLE IN THE INDO-PAKISTANI CONFLICTS1947: India adopts its national flag and coat of arms, emphasizing Indian and Hindus values. Jawaharlal Nehru, became India’s first prime minister and initiates the Gandhi dynasty.1962: India fights China over some intentionally occupied land by the Chinese.1964: Lal Bahadur Satri succeeds dead Nehru, and India goes to war with Pakistan over Kashmir once more.1966: Mrs. Gandhi took the role as the first woman to be prime minister when India was in a very bad shape.1971: India goes to war with Pakistan again, after Pakistani civil war preceded the creation of Bangladesh, and the succession of Rajiv, Mrs. Gandhi’s son (killed in 1999).1984: A gas leak at a Union Carbide chemical plant in Bhopal, in Dec. 1984, eventually killed an estimated of 14,000 people.1998-1999: India and Pakistan conducted nuclear tests which prompted economic jam by USA2001: Violence arose between Pakistan and India after some killings in Kashmir and Dehli.
INDIA GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATEArabian Kanchejunga Mountain Sea (28,208 ft. (8,598 m) 1,222, 559 sq. mi, 3,166, 414 sq. km Land Extension Raining season: Monsoons (June- Ganga River September, 2,510 km (1,560 mi) 1,14 cms of water)
INDIA PEOPLE AND POPULATION CULTURE AND LITERATURE Old Indian Literature Written by Vedas about 2,500 years ago Bollywood makes more Rising Nuclear movies (mostly in Hindi) Families worldwide(Parents-Children) Later Indian Literature Written mostly Hindi and EnglishPersisting Extended Clohing varies by tradition Families (Three but most women wear a generations living Nobel Prize sari, while men wear a together) 1913 dhoti
INDIA PEOPLE AND POPULATION SOCIAL GROUPS AND RELIGION Religion is very varied:Hindus 81%, Muslims 13%, Christians 2%, Sikhs 2% Official Flag Orange-yellow, for courage and sacrifice; white, for There are at least 15 peace and truth; and green, linguistic traditions, however for faith and chivalry, and a there are two major central wheel called languages Dharma Chakra, the wheel Hindi (66.00%) and English of law (19.00%) National emblem Four lions India is the 2nd most symbolizing inhabited country in power, courage, the world: pride and 1,129,866,154 Pop confidence); Density: besides a motto 984 per sq mi, 380 which means per sp km Truth Alone Triumphs
INDIA ECONOMY FACTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, ACTIVITIES AND INDUSTRY India’s currency is India mostly the Indian Rupee exports Engineering 1 Indian Rupee (Rs) goods, petroleum 40.75% to 1 US $ products, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, gems and jewelry, textiles, agricultural products, iron ore Agriculture provides the and other minerals main source of income for the majority of the population. Most Indians are farmers, and they depend on India also produces the seasonal rains to grow gross domestic product their crops (GDP) through manufacturing, mining India mostly imports products, forestry andCrude and refined petroleum fishing; and ahave about, among electronic considerable amount ofgoods, precious stones, gold, people working in silver, non electrical services industries, suchmachinery or apparatus, and as the Government either organic or inorganic itself chemicals
INDIA CONDITIONS OF THE ADMINISTRATION GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE AND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONCurrently, the head of Government is the President, Mrs. PratibhaDevisingh Patil (since 2007), and the Head of Government is the Prime Minister, Mr. Manmohan Singh (since 2004) India, whose name in Hindi is Bhārat Gaṇarājya as derived from the Indus Valley) India is divided became a in 25 states and democratic 7 territories republic in 1947 India’s form of government There is about is a multiparty federal 519,000 republic (divided in Council of physicians (1 per State, the House of the 1,923 pop) People
PAKISTAN •HISTORY OF INDIA PAKISTAN AFTER PARTITION AND ROLE IN THE INDO-PAKISTANI C•THE LAND GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE•PEOPLE AND POPULATION CULTURE AND LITERATURE SOCIAL GROUPS AND RELIGION•NATIONAL ECONOMY ECONOMY FACTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, ACTIVITIES AND INDUSTRY•CONDITIONS OF THE ADMINISTRATION: GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE AND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISION
PAKISTAN HISTORY OF INDIA PAKISTAN AFTER PARTITION1947: Pakistan gets its independence on August 14th after going through partition from India1956: Pakistan becomes a democratic nation.1971: East Pakistan becomes the independent republic of Bangladesh. Zulficar Ali Bhutto takes office ans starts the Bhutto dynasty.1988: Benazir Bhutto -daughter of Zulficar, and head of the Pakistan People’s Party- to be becomes the first woman president of an Islamic country.1993: Farooq Leghari becomes the new head of state and has Bhutto resing parliament due to apparent1997: a new Pakistani law called for elections so as to discharge both the president and the prime minister, dismissing the latter’s figure, and having Leghari succeeded by Sharif’s political ally, Mohammad Rafiq Tarar2001: On September 11th, the terrorist group Al-Qaeda attacks the World Trade Center in USA.
PAKISTAN THE LAND China K2 or Godwin Austen Arabian (8,611 mts) sea India Raining Indus season River (July to (3,200September, km 25 cms) (2,000 mi)
PAKISTAN PEOPLE AND POPULATION CULTURE AND LITERATURE Women from: Upper class Middle class Lower classLiterature:Nazir AhmadPandi RatanNath Sarsha Sir Alama Mohammad Zulfikar Iqbal (1877– Ghose 1938)Jassimudin
PAKISTAN PEOPLE AND POPULATION SOCIAL GROUPS AND RELIGION Pakistan is a multicultural country: Official Muslim ,Christian, Hindu, languages: Parsis, Buddhist; and English and others Urdu Social groups: Punjabi, Pashtun, Sindhin, Urdu-speaking muhajirs, Balochi, and others Population:184,404,791 pop. The flag The coat Density: of arms 212 per sq. km
PAKISTAN ECONOMY FACTS. Currency: Pakistan Rupee (As of January, 2011, 1 U.S $=85.27 PRs) Pakistan imports Pakistan exports mostly: mosltly:Industrial equipment, Cotton, textile goods, chemicals, vehicles, rice, leather steel, iron items carpets, sportsore, petroleum, edible goods, handi-crafts, oil, pulses, tea. fish and fish prep. and fruit
PAKISTANCONDITIONS OF THE ADMINISTRATION This nation is divided in four provinces and the capital territory, Islamabad, plus There are federally 96,248 administrated tribal physicians areas. , that means that there is 1 physician per 1,516 persons and about Pakistan’s president 97,945 is Asif Ali Zardari. hospital beds per 1,490 persons.
BIBLIOGRAPHY•Central Intelligence Agency (2011). Pakistan. The World factbook. [On-line document]. Retrieved From:https://cia.gov/library/publication/the-world-factbook/goes/ni/html. [Consulted on: 2011, January 25]•Encyclopædia Britannica (2004). Book of the Year. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Chicago: USA.•Encyclopædia Britannica (2011) India, flag of [Online document] Retrieved from:http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1355310/India-flag-of [Consulted on: 2011, February 10]•India provoca a Pakistán con pruebas milísticas (2002, Enero 26) El Nacional, p. 1-10.•MacNeil, R. (Host/writer) (1986). The Story of English: An English Speaking World [On-line video].Available at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7FtSUPAM-uA&feature=related;http://www.youtube.com/watch? v = EEsI2t-mvZk& feature=related; http://www.youtube.com/ watch? v=Xzt2p1j Riro & feature= related [Consulted on: 2011, January 3 rd]•Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (2011). Pakistan [On-line document]. Retrieved from: https://pak.gov.pk/html. [Consulted on: 2011, January 25].•Nyrop, R (1971). Area Handbook for Pakistan. Washington: D.C•The New Encyclopedia Britannica Vol. 25 (1993). The Book of the Year. Chicago: USA Macropedia,knowledge in depth.•The World Almanac and Book of Fact (2008). India, Pakistan. New York: USA. World Almanac Books.•The World Book Millennium (2000). P, Vol. 15. World book, inc. Chicago: USA•Time Almanac: Powered by Encyclopedia Britannica (2008). India, Pakistan. Little Brown & Co.