Open Access Week @Exeter - Cameron Neylon
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  • 1. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 2. What’s hot and cooking?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 3. More than just access Delivering networked research Oslo University - Open Access Week Cameron Neylon - 26 October 2012Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 4. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 5. 2012Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 6. Research Works Act...Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 7. ...to 50% OA?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 8. No longer a question of if...Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 9. ...but how?http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattymatt/3017263513 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 10. And when?http://www.flickr.com/photos/wwarby/3297205226 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 11. And why.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 12. http://www.flickr.com/photos/drachmann/327122302 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 13. One argument.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 14. Why do they pay?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 15. Why do they pay? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mararie/3313582639/ CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 16. Why do they pay? w e http://www.flickr.com/photos/mararie/3313582639/ CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 17. This is a good argument.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 18. http://www.flickr.com/photos/loveisnotavictorymarch/3799891880/ CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 19. Another argument.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 20. The business case.http://www.flickr.com/photos/brennuskrux/3356833255 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 21. Quality of service...http://www.flickr.com/photos/62337512@N00/3958637561 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 22. Value for money...http://www.flickr.com/photos/mukumbura/4052671706 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 23. Sustainability...http://www.flickr.com/photos/maleny_steve/2950362521 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 24. Impact.http://www.flickr.com/photos/meesterdickey/2581274092 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 25. Who is the customer?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 26. Who is the customer? http://www.flickr.com/photos/mararie/3313582639/ CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 27. Who is the customer? e a re W http://www.flickr.com/photos/mararie/3313582639/ CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 28. And the product is research outcomes.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 29. And we can do better.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 30. An example.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 31. 27 January 2009http://gowers.wordpress.com/Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 32. 27 January 2009 February 1 2009http://gowers.wordpress.com/Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 33. “It is not the case that the aim of the project is [...to solve the problem...] I think that the chances of success even for this more modest aim are substantially less than 100%.” Tim Gowers http://gowers.wordpress.com/2009/02/01/a-combinatorial-approach-to-density-hales-jewett/Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 34. 27 January 2009 February 1 2009 March 10 2009http://gowers.wordpress.com/Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 35. “[…] it appears that DHJ(3) has won […] I hereby state that I am basically sure that the problem is solved (though not in the way originally envisaged).” Tim Gowers http://http://gowers.wordpress.com/2009/03/10/problem-solved-probably/Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 36. “It feels as though this is to normal research as driving is to pushing a car.” Tim Gowers http://gowers.wordpress.com/2009/02/01/questions-of-procedure/#comment-1701Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 37. Qualitatively different.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 38. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 39. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 40. 100 80 60 40 20 0 ProfessorSlide courtesy of Arfon SmithWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 41. 10,000 7,500 5,000 2,500 0 Professor PaperSlide courtesy of Arfon SmithWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 42. 50,000 37,500 25,000 12,500 0 Professor Paper PhDSlide courtesy of Arfon SmithWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 43. 1,000,000 750,000 500,000 250,000 0 Professor Paper PhD SDSSSlide courtesy of Arfon SmithWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 44. Qualitatively different...Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 45. http://openwetware.org/wiki/OSDDMalariaWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 46. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 47. Because of scale...http://www.flickr.com/photos/jdhancock/3760104591CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 48. ...connectivity...http://www.flickr.com/photos/walkingsf/5912946760 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 49. ...efficient transferhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/ddyates/3367008166 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 50. Because of the network. At web-scale.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 51. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 52. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 53. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 54. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 55. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 56. In a world where researchers...Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 57. ...are optimising impact...http://www.flickr.com/photos/babasteve/3140688308 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 58. ...these are our value propositionWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 59. ...these are our value propositionWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 60. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 61. How do we make networks?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 62. As service providers...http://www.flickr.com/photos/benzado/3968712449 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 63. ...how do we deliver them?US Defence Department: 090807-N-5749W-394.jpgWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 64. How do we deliver scale?http://www.flickr.com/photos/walkingsf/6635655755 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 65. How do we deliver connectivity?http://www.flickr.com/photos/yourdon/3088582622Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 66. How do we reduce friction?http://www.flickr.com/photos/g_kat26/3535474947 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 67. http://www.flickr.com/photos/y_i/2360600227 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 68. http://www.flickr.com/photos/andrec/2893549851 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 69. http://www.flickr.com/photos/eepaul/4616804534 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 70. First we need access...Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 71. Necessary.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 72. But not sufficient.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 73. http://www.flickr.com/photos/28481088@N00/2050334184 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 74. Legal rights...http://www.flickr.com/photos/biscuitsmlp/3044867827 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 75. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 76. 12 September 2012Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 77. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cercopithecus_lomamiensis 13 September 2012Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 78. p://www.flickr.com/photos/cappellmeister/39508741 CC-BY Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 79. Technical usability...http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffsand/3871415191 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 80. Work by Peter Murray-Rust and Ross Mounce, Proceedings of the Open Forum Academy 1:57Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 81. Standards.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 82. Formats.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 83. Exchange protocols.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 84. All.... ...musthttp://www.flickr.com/photos/hfiguiere/4802869688 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 85. ...apply to machineshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/argonne/3323018571 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 86. All.... ...musthttp://www.flickr.com/photos/hfiguiere/4802869688 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 87. ...scale...http://www.flickr.com/photos/sterlic/4299631538 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 88. ...to web scale.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 89. All.... ...musthttp://www.flickr.com/photos/hfiguiere/4802869688 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 90. ...must supporthttp://www.flickr.com/photos/tomarthur/3593729997Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 91. and enable... ...the unexpectedhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/entrospeck/7760134 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 92. We’ve spent 50 years...Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 93. ...arguing for...http://www.flickr.com/photos/tranchis/3708549622Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 94. ...curiosity driven research.http://www.flickr.com/photos/11247304@N06/1340979055 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 95. Saying advances can only ever be a happy accident.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 96. And they should be happy.http://www.flickr.com/photos/joeshlabotnik/2384495536 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 97. And they will be unpredictable.http://www.flickr.com/photos/mrzeon/5330056727 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 98. But never an accident.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 99. You can’t predict one throw...http://www.flickr.com/photos/sean_hickin/4319839458 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 100. 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ...but we know the distributionWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 101. And we make the dice...http://www.flickr.com/photos/gringer/5096129532 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 102. ...and can roll them more times than ever before.http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamesrbowe/4001776922 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 103. We can manufacturehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/quinnanya/5890200864 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 104. A question of architecturehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/yakobusan/2436481628 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 105. http://www.flickr.com/photos/horiavarlan/4290549806 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 106. How?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 107. 0. Do we need policy?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 108. 1. What level?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 109. 2. What aims?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 110. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 111. http://www.flickr.com/photos/eepaul/4616804534 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 112. http://www.flickr.com/photos/biscuitsmlp/3044867827 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 113. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffsand/3871415191 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 114. 3. How to deliver them?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 115. 4. Cost effectively?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 116. http://www.flickr.com/photos/59937401@N07/5929622407 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 117. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 118. Two million papers...http://flickr.com/photos/nicmcphee/2756494307/Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 119. ...at PLOS ONE prices.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 120. £1.6BWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 121. You have to invest to save.http://www.flickr.com/photos/picsbycam/3564466980 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 122. We have to build a (functioning) markethttp://www.flickr.com/photos/petrick/2291498814 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 123. And that means some pain.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 124. Sorry.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 125. But...transitional costs?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 126. Subscriptions vs APCshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/joeshlabotnik/2384490016 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 127. Not a zero-sum game.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 128. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jhoweaa/436923541 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 129. Double jeopardy?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 130. We optimise for...http://www.flickr.com/photos/klausnahr/4437823757 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 131. ...rather than foruse and re-use...http://www.flickr.com/photos/frozenchipmunk/197591546 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 132. ...because of the incentives...http://www.flickr.com/photos/daquellamanera/3238300837 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 133. And who controls them?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 134. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 135. http://www.flickr.com/photos/37984062@N03/3495256118 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 136. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 137. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 138. If we lead will others follow?Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 139. Yes.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 140. http://www.flickr.com/photos/loveisnotavictorymarch/3799891880/ CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 141. http://www.flickr.com/photos/59937401@N07/5929622407 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 142. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 143. http://www.flickr.com/photos/bossco/6738544333 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 144. http://www.flickr.com/photos/y_i/2360600227 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 145. http://www.flickr.com/photos/andrec/2893549851 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 146. http://www.flickr.com/photos/eepaul/4616804534 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 147. http://www.flickr.com/photos/28481088@N00/2050334184 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 148. http://www.flickr.com/photos/biscuitsmlp/3044867827 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 149. p://www.flickr.com/photos/cappellmeister/39508741 CC-BY Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 150. Technical usability...http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffsand/3871415191 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 151. Huge potential...http://www.flickr.com/photos/m0les/4163976843 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 152. But we’re not there yet.http://www.flickr.com/photos/daquellamanera/5916937992 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 153. http://www.flickr.com/photos/flavinsky/3410980137 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 154. ...we are the customer...http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 155. We want to see research used.Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 156. In the right places...http://www.flickr.com/photos/velkr0/3472576304 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 157. In the right places...http://www.flickr.com/photos/argonne/3465398655 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 158. In the right places...http://www.flickr.com/photos/ol1/6048544977 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 159. In the right places...http://www.flickr.com/photos/argonne/3323018571 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 160. ...at the right time.http://www.flickr.com/photos/robbie73/3387189144 CC-BY-SAWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 161. Maximise potential...http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/3370498053 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 162. ...for discovery and re-use...http://www.flickr.com/photos/pagedooley/3797236989 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 163. Maybe we don’t need to wait for thirty years...http://www.flickr.com/photos/11247304@N06/1340979055 CC-BYWednesday, 21 November 12
  • 164. ...and the easiest way...Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 165. Wednesday, 21 November 12
  • 166. @cameronneylon http://cameronneylon.netWednesday, 21 November 12