Open Access Week @Exeter - Alma Swan


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A presentation by Alma Swan as part of Open Access Week at the University of Exeter.

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Open Access Week @Exeter - Alma Swan

  1. 1. Exeter University Open Access Week event, 24 October 2012 Open Access and you: a relationship with promise Alma Swan SPARC Europe Enabling Open Scholarship Key Perspectives Ltd E O S
  2. 2. Old paradigms of research disseminationUse of proxy measures of an individual scholar’smerit is as good as it getsThe responsibility for disseminating your work restswith the publisherThe printed article is the format of recordOther scholars have time to search out what youwant them to know E O S
  3. 3. New paradigms of research disseminationRich, deep, broad metrics for measuring thecontributions of individual scholarsEffective dissemination of your work is now in yourhands (at last)The digital format will be the format of record (isalready in many areas)Unless you routinely publish in Nature or Science,‘getting it out there’ is up to you E O S
  4. 4. Open AccessImmediateFree (to use)Free (of restrictions)Access to the peer-reviewed literature (and data)Not vanity publishingNot a ‘stick anything up on the Web’ approachMoving scholarly communication into the Web Age E O S
  5. 5. Open Access: howOpen Access journals( Access repositoriesOpen Access monographs E O S
  6. 6. Open Access journalsContent available free of charge onlineIn many cases, free of restrictions on use tooSome charge at the ‘front end’More than half do not levy a charge at allAround 8500 of themListed in the Directory of Open Access Journals(DOAJ: E O S
  7. 7. Open Access repositoriesDigital collectionsMost usually institutionalSometimes centralised (subject-based)InteroperableForm a network across the worldCreate a global database of openly-accessible researchCurrently c2500 E O S
  8. 8. Here’s oneE O S
  9. 9. Author advantages from Open Access Visibility Usage Impact Personal profiling and marketing E O S
  10. 10. VisibilityE O S
  11. 11. An author’s own testimony on open access visibility“Self-archiving in the PhilSci Archive hasgiven instant world-wide visibility to mywork. As a result, I was invited to submitpapers to refereed internationalconferences/journals and got themaccepted.” E O S
  12. 12. Professor Martin Skitmore School of Urban Design, QUT“There is no doubt in my mind that ePrints [universityrepository] will have improved things – especially indeveloping countries such as Malaysia … many moreaccess my papers who wouldn’t have thought ofcontacting me personally in the ‘old’ days.While this may … increase … citations, the mostimportant thing … is that at least these people can findout more about what others have done…” E O S
  13. 13. UsageE O S
  14. 14. A well-filled repositoryE O S
  15. 15. Open Access Week at Liege E O S
  16. 16. And it gets usedE O S
  17. 17. E O S
  18. 18. Download timelineE O S
  19. 19. E O S
  20. 20. E O S
  21. 21. ImpactE O S
  22. 22. E O S
  23. 23. Engineering 20 18 16 14 12Citations 10 OA 8 Non-OA 6 4 2 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Data: Gargouri & Harnad, 2010 E O S
  24. 24. Clinical medicine 50 45 40 35 30Citations 25 OA 20 Non-OA 15 10 5 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Data: Gargouri & Harnad, 2010 E O S
  25. 25. Social science 18 16 14 12 10 OACitations 8 Non-OA 6 4 2 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Data: Gargouri & Harnad, 2010 E O S
  26. 26. What OA means to a researcher E O S
  27. 27. E O S
  28. 28. E O S
  29. 29. Top authors (by download) E O S
  30. 30. Ray Frost’s impactE O S
  31. 31. Top authors (by download) E O S
  32. 32. Martin Skitmore (Urban Design)E O S
  33. 33. Cardiology“We are looking for experts in cardiac surgeryand medical imaging research who couldcollaborate with us, as well as provide datasuch as echocardiographic images … if you areinterested in this project, perhaps you’d beinterested in collaborating with us?” E O S
  34. 34. Law“...a few weeks ago X ... was contacted by a firmof solicitors in Melbourne. They are representingpro bono (for no payment) a number ofAboriginal people .... The lawyers had seen ourarticle on eprints [university repository] andasked X if he would give expert evidence to ahearing in the Federal Court this month.” E O S
  35. 35. Media studies[from a county library] “Just wanted to writeand tell you that I was able to supply a youngclient with high quality information on therepresentation of youth in the Australianmedia because of your e-prints [institutionalrepository] archive.” E O S
  36. 36. Design“QUT ePrints has allowed me to discover newresearch partners, or contacts in the community. Justlast week, the General Manager of SustainableDevelopment from an Australian rural industry calledme – based on reading one of my research papers inePrints.He loved what he read ..... and we are now indiscussion about how we can help them measuretheir industry’s social impacts.” E O S
  37. 37. Profiling and marketingE O S
  38. 38. Melissa TerrasE O S
  39. 39. “Its a really good thing to make your work Open Access. More people will read it than if it is behind a paywall. Even if it is the most downloaded paper from a journal in your field, Open Access makes it even more accessed.”Melissa Terras, University College London E O S
  40. 40. Open Access mandatory policies E O S
  41. 41. Daniel Coit Gilman First President, Johns Hopkins University“It is one of the noblest duties of auniversity to advance knowledge andto diffuse it, not merely among thosewho can attend the dailylectures, but far and wide.” E O S
  42. 42. ResourcesGeneral, comprehensive resource on Open Access: OASIS (Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook) For policymakers, institutional managers: EOS (Enabling Open Scholarship) E O S
  43. 43. Thank you for E O S