Shape is an element of Art & Design ElEmEnts of Art The Elements of Art are the building blocks for a work of art. Artists use the elements in planned and organized ways. They are organized according to the Principles of Design.
Implied line• Our eyes read edges of the object (the lemon) as implied lines. There isnt a line that really marks the edge of it. The dots and short lines also create implied lines moving across the page.• In this painting there is a major implied line created a circle shape in the middle of the picture. Notice the title, what do you think the circle has to do with what this artist is trying to communicate to you? Does the title give you any hints?
• Notice this 3-dimensional organic form of the cow in the first image.• The cow becomes more abstract because it becomes geometric but is still 3-D looking.• Then it becomes flat 2- dimensional shapes that one can still see as an abstract cow.• And the fourth stage is simply geometric shapes inspired by a cow.
• Shape is an area enclosed by line, or seen as an area because of color or value Shape changes.• Shapes have 2-dimensions.• They can be geometric or organic.• This abstract painting has three people that are simplified into an arrangement of flat shapes. The artist used a variety of shapes in creating the painting that sort of fits together like a puzzle.• Large, medium & small shapes• Geometric & organic shapes• Flat & patterned shapes• Dark & light shapes• Positive & negative shapes• Outlined & unoutlined shapes
Shape vs. Form – what is the difference?
Form Forms are 3-dimensional and they occupy space. They can also give the illusionthat they occupy the space in the case of 2-dimensional art.
1.Geometric Shapes / RectilinearShapes..Most rectilinear shapes can bealso called geometric shapeshowever one a couple of themare not. These are circles andovals. Geometric shapes are usuallyman-made. The only natural onesI can think of are crystals andhoney combs.2.Organic Shapes / Curvilinear.They are all curving and flowingtherefore we call themcurvilinear shapes.Sometimes they can be calledorganic shapes. We can includecircles and ovals.These are usually naturalshapes. Think of leaves, animalshapes, and plant shapes.
Positive and Negative Shapes Figure / ground interaction
Gestalt Principles of Design - ‘Closure’- Perceiving an edge that isnot there at all!
Positive and Negative Shapes• All shapes are either positive or negative. The subject matter is the representational objects and are usually positive (like the sheep below). The background (black area) is the negative shape in the composition.• In non-objective art, the positive shapes are usually the central, featured elements and the negative shapes surround them.
• format edge?• format shape?• figures?• positive shapes?• ground?• negative shapes?• geometric shapes?• organic shapes?
Checklist:• positive shapes• negative shapes• geometric shapes• organic shapes• patterned shapes• textured shapes• plain shapes• high contrast between some shapes• low contrast between other shapes• bright shapes• dull shapes
SUMMARY OF POSTER ACTIVITIESArrange your own illustrations andcontent (theory) in a balanced andaesthetic manner. 1. Meaning (definition) of SHAPE & FORM 2. Implied line / edge / virtual line / guideline 3. Actual / real line / A contemporary imbhenge outline 4. Geometric / 7. Positive and negative shapes rectilinear shapes (figure / ground interaction) 5. Organic / curvilinear 8. Theory analysis of a shapes contemporary imbhenge 6. Shape and illusions of 9. Compositional sketch of a form (2-D & 3-D?) painting.
What is an imbhenge? Research the ‘Aesthethic- Usability Effect’ Beautiful things work better Symmetry is another principle of Art. Make a diagram to show the radial symmetry of this imbhenge.A contemporary imbhenge How exact is it? Use a protractor to check.Discuss how the artist uses • Colour and shape together. • Use the terminology you have learnt.
Artist Théodore Gericault,uses organic shapes, but witha triangular composition.Although there are manyshapes in this artwork, theartist seems to focus on atriangular shape throughout.The sitting position of thefigure implies a large triangle.Then there are smallertriangular shapes in the bentof his arm, in the bottom halfof his draped robe, and in thelapel of his shirt.And there are many more.Can you identify more ofthem?Activity:-Make a compositional sketchof this painting
Open Form vs. Closed Form•Open form sculptures andpottery have negative spaceopenings through the piece.Pottery is open form only if ithas holes through it. Theopening of a pot/vessel doesnot make it an open form.•Closed Form sculptures andpottery have no negativespace/form piercing through it.What are these examples of?
• This sculpture involves curvilinear forms on a smooth surface. These are actual forms, that is, its a photograph of the sculpture anyway.• On the right, are diagrams of the sculpture that look like forms on a flat, 2-dimensional surface.• The first image show the shape of the rounded stone but it becomes a form, an implied form, when it is shaded.• The next illustration shows the overlapping of the organic forms.• The last illustration shows the movement through the sculpture. The movement is caused by the open areas that lead the viewers eyes to the taller forms.