What is Sociology? Notes

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What is Sociology? Notes

  1. 2. Tuesday, January 28 Warm-Up
  2. 3. What is sociology ? <ul><li>Sociology is the study of groups—how they are formed , how they change, and how the group impacts individual behavior </li></ul>
  3. 4. Who is our group? <ul><li>Read directions found in “Who is Our Group”? handout </li></ul><ul><li>When instructed, travel around the room to gather the information from your classmates </li></ul><ul><li>Wait for further instruction </li></ul>
  4. 5. Wednesday, January 30, Warm-Up <ul><li>If sociology is the study of groups—how they are formed, how they change and how they impact individual behavior, then what are examples of groups studied in sociology? </li></ul><ul><li>Under Warm-Up #1, respond to the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a list of 10 groups that can be studied by sociologists. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Sociology Homework <ul><li>Pick 2 groups that you believe have had the greatest impact, be it positive or negative, on your life </li></ul><ul><li>Bring in pictures or visual images that represent these groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Images will be shown to the class. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Thursday, January 31, Warm-Up <ul><li>Under Warm-Up #2 on your Unit Sheet, answer the following question: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is it important to have the ability to consider information from a different perspective? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. What do you see?
  8. 9. What do you see?
  9. 10. What do you see?
  10. 11. What do you see?
  11. 12. What do you see?
  12. 13. What do you see?
  13. 14. What do you see?
  14. 15. What do you see?
  15. 16. What do you see?
  16. 17. What do you see?
  17. 18. Sociological Perspective <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Perspective is a particular point of view </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sociological perspective is a view that looks at behavior of groups, not individuals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 34. How do sociologists study groups? <ul><li>Groups are a collection of people that display similar behaviors, or function in similar environments. </li></ul><ul><li>Sociologists attempt to gather social facts , are any social activity or situation that can be observed and measured, about groups to begin to understand patterns of behavior, or similar behavior of the group. </li></ul><ul><li>Social facts are gathered through observation, surveying groups, questionnaire, participation in group, studying history of group, data, and studying case studies.. </li></ul>
  19. 35. Homework <ul><li>Complete “How Should Our Group Behave?” handout for Friday, February 1 </li></ul>
  20. 36. Monday, February 4, Warm-Up TRUE or FALSE (record T/F on Unit Sheet): <ul><li>Families living in large cities are more isolated from friends, neighbors, and relatives than families in small towns. </li></ul><ul><li>Poor people have more stable marital relationships—with less divorce, fewer separations, and so on—than wealthy people. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people with strong racial prejudices tend to be obedient and respectful toward their superiors, to demand complete obedience from those below them, and tend to admire power. </li></ul><ul><li>Female infants cry more, sleep less, and are more demanding than male infants, who are more passive and content. </li></ul><ul><li>People’s opinions of themselves depend largely on the way others think of them. </li></ul><ul><li>Second marriages tend to be more successful than first marriages. </li></ul>
  21. 37. What is the purpose of studying sociology? <ul><li>Understand social structure </li></ul><ul><li>Explain reasoning for group’s pattern of behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat or change behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Promote conformity </li></ul>
  22. 38. What is the purpose of studying sociology?: Understanding Social Structure <ul><li>The primary focus of sociologists is to understand the social structure , or the patterned interaction of people in social relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>With this understanding of social structure, sociologists assume that groups of people will interact in the same patterned way or relationship regardless of time or location. </li></ul><ul><li>Who is Our Class Survey Results </li></ul>
  23. 39. What is the purpose of studying sociology?: Explain Reasoning for Group’s Behavior <ul><li>How much of behavior is inherited? </li></ul><ul><li>How much of behavior is learned? </li></ul><ul><li>How much is behavior determined by the individual? </li></ul><ul><li>How much is behavior determined by the group? </li></ul><ul><li>Class Description </li></ul>
  24. 40. What is the purpose of studying sociology?: Repeat or Change Behavior <ul><li>How can we understand social statics —behavior that promotes stability or order? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we understand social dynamics —behavior that will lead to change? </li></ul><ul><li>Student and Teacher Expectations </li></ul>
  25. 41. What is the purpose of studying sociology?: Promote Conformity <ul><li>Conformity is acting according to certain accepted standards </li></ul><ul><li>What rules, or sanctions, need to be created to maintain or change behavior? </li></ul><ul><li>Rules and Sanctions </li></ul>
  26. 42. Homework <ul><li>Complete “Why Do People Conform?” handout. All of the answers are based on your opinion, therefore make the effort and you will do well. </li></ul>
  27. 43. Tuesday, February 5, Warm-Up <ul><li>In your warm-ups, answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Why do people conform? </li></ul>
  28. 44. Wednesday, February 6, Warm-up <ul><li>In your unit sheet, answer the following question: </li></ul><ul><li>How might understanding conformity help to assist in the study of sociology? </li></ul>
  29. 45. Conformity <ul><li>Why do people conform? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional response, such as joy or fear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptance into group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared values with group </li></ul></ul>
  30. 46. Conformity: Emotional Response
  31. 47. Conformity: Acceptance into group, even when values not shared by individual
  32. 48. Conformity: Shared Group Values
  33. 49. Friday, February 8, Warm-up <ul><li>With your group, answer in your unit sheet, answer the following question: </li></ul><ul><li>How does the understanding of theoretical perspectives, specifically ___________________ (fill in assigned perspective), aid in the study of sociology, or understanding group behavior. </li></ul>
  34. 50. Tuesday, February 12, Warm-Up <ul><li>In your unit sheet, answer the following question: </li></ul><ul><li>Based on your viewing of the television show, Kid Nation, what do you predict will happen to the group of 40 children during their stay at Bonanza City? </li></ul>
  35. 51. Theoretical Perspectives <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical perspective a set of assumptions accepted as true, or an area of study </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EXPLAINED A DIFFERENT WAY… </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The way you interpret and understand the meaning of an image or event </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In sociology, theoretical perspectives are assumptions on how groups should be studied </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 52. Theoretical Perspective: Functionalism <ul><li>Functionalism is an approach of studying sociology that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society </li></ul><ul><li>How does theory explain change in society? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A change in one part of society can lead to change in another part of society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society tends to return to a state of stability after some upheaval, or change, has occurred </li></ul></ul>
  37. 53. Functionalism: Do all functions have a positive effect? <ul><li>Manifest function is an intended and recognized consequence of an aspect of society </li></ul><ul><li>Latent function is an unintended and unrecognized consequence of an aspect of society </li></ul><ul><li>Dysfunction is a negative consequence of an aspect of society </li></ul>
  38. 55. Homework, for February 12 <ul><li>Write a reflection on how society, or groups will change based on the following events. Please write one reflection for each event. </li></ul><ul><li>Barack Obama wins the presidential election. </li></ul><ul><li>Students must pay to go to high school. </li></ul><ul><li>NBHS enforces an attendance policy in which students lose credit for 7 or more absences per semester. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher education, including community colleges and universities, is free for all Americans. </li></ul>
  39. 56. Thursday, February 14, Warm-Up <ul><li>DON’T WRITE ANYTHING DOWN FOR WARM-UP, JUST READ </li></ul><ul><li>1. Test tomorrow, on Unit: “What’s Sociology?” </li></ul><ul><li>2. Short Answer Questions = Essential Questions 1-3 on Unit Sheet </li></ul><ul><li>3. Bring with you to be handed in BEFORE test: Unit Sheet and Kid Nation Analysis (questions should be answered) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Missing Notes? = Go to Class Homepage in ProgressBook, click on the link that says “What is Sociology? Notes? </li></ul><ul><li>4. Don’t have access to ProgressBook, or unsure how to use it= I am free Period B, C, & D, and after school </li></ul>
  40. 57. What’s on the test? <ul><li>Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>3 Unit Essential Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Interpreting events based on theoretical perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation of why people conform </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Social structure </li></ul><ul><li>Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Sociological perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Social facts </li></ul><ul><li>Social statics/dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Conformity </li></ul><ul><li>Theoretical perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Functionalism </li></ul><ul><li>Manifest function </li></ul><ul><li>Latent function </li></ul><ul><li>Dysfunction </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolic interactionism </li></ul>
  41. 58. Theoretical Perspectives <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical perspective a set of assumptions accepted as true, or an area of study </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EXPLAINED A DIFFERENT WAY… </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The way you interpret and understand the meaning of an image or event </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In sociology, theoretical perspectives are assumptions on how groups should be studied </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  42. 59. Homework, for February 12 <ul><li>Write a reflection on how society, or groups will change based on the following events. Please write one reflection for each event. </li></ul><ul><li>Barack Obama wins the presidential election. </li></ul><ul><li>Students must pay to go to high school. </li></ul><ul><li>NBHS enforces an attendance policy in which students lose credit for 7 or more absences per semester. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher education, including community colleges and universities, is free for all Americans. </li></ul>
  43. 60. Theoretical Perspective: Conflict Perspective
  44. 61. Theoretical Perspective: Symbolic Interactionism <ul><li>Symbolic interactionism is an approach of studying sociology that focuses on the interactions among people based on mutually understood symbols </li></ul><ul><li>What assumptions are made in symbolic interactionism? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assumption #1 we learn the meaning of a symbol from the way we see others reacting to it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assumption #2 we base our behavior or interaction based on the meanings of symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assumption #3 we use the meanings of symbols to imagine how others will respond to our behavior </li></ul></ul>

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