“sociology is the scientific study of society”.““Sociology is the study of social (August Comte)action”. (Mex Weber) ““Sociology is the study “Sociology is the study of social facts of collective behavior”. through social (Park & Burgess ) institutions”. (Emile Durkhiem) What Is Sociology? “Sociology is the scientific“Sociology is the study of study of social aspects humans living together”. of human life”. (Tonnies) (Mack Young)“Sociology is the study of social groups on the basis of social interaction”. (Simmel)
Conclusion: On the basis of above definitions, we can conclude that sociology is the science of society, human behavior, human interaction and relationships.ORIGIN / HISTORICALBACKGROUND OF SOCIOLOGY:Systematic study of Sociologystarted with Greeks, theyconsidered men as a social animaland the need of society. Themodern sociology was coined by MEANING OF SOCIOLOGY:August Comte. He is considered as The term has been derived fromthe founder of modern sociology. two words. The Latin “Socious”He called it “Social Physics”. mean companionship and the Greek “logos” mean study. So the term literally means the study of human companionship or association or society.
The scope has been divided into two divisions.• Scope in the field of knowledge.• Scope in the field of profession. Scope in the field of knowledge: Sociologists have the primary and basic aim to build up knowledge about the society and social interaction. The sociologists are required to gain the know-how about the social problem and their solution.
The specialized fields of sociology, which give knowledge to thestudents of sociology about different aspects of human social life,are as follow. Rural Sociology. 8. Industrial Sociology 2. Urban Sociology. 9. Social Change and Development. 3. Medical Sociology. 10. Sociology of Social Problems. 4. Criminology. 11. Sociology of Education. 5. Social Psychology. 12. Political Sociology. 6. Economic Sociology. 13. Sociology of the Family. 7. Sociology of Religion.
In the field of profession:• Sociology is also a professional discipline. It performs the following services as a profession:• Teaching.• Research.• Administration.