CONSIDER: <ul><li>If  sociology is the study of groups—how they are formed and how they change—and with the actions of ind...
What is studied in sociology? <ul><li>Given the list of topics that may be studied in sociology,  what questions might be ...
What is Sociology? <ul><li>Sociology – the study of groups—how they are formed and how they change—and with the actions of...
When studying groups, sociologists are attempting to answer 4 basic questions: <ul><li>How much of human behavior is inher...
In the study of sociology, how is information gathered? <ul><li>Social facts   are any social activity or situation that c...
Conformity <ul><li>What is conformity? </li></ul><ul><li>acting according to certain accepted  standards </li></ul>
Conformity <ul><li>Why do people conform? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional response, such as joy or fear </li></ul></ul><ul...
Sociology and Conformity <ul><li>How understanding conformity contribute to the study of sociology? </li></ul>
Sociological Assumptions <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People do not make decisions in isolation rather they value the attitudes...
What is the purpose of studying sociology? <ul><li>How does group behavior influence individual behavior , or cause an ind...
Theoretical Perspectives <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical perspective  a set of assumptions accepted as true, or an are...
Functionalism <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of so...
Conflict Perspective
Symbolic Interactionism <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the approach that focuses on the interactions among peopl...
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CH 1: What's Sociology?

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CH 1: What's Sociology?

  1. 2. CONSIDER: <ul><li>If sociology is the study of groups—how they are formed and how they change—and with the actions of individuals within these groups, THEN </li></ul><ul><li>What topics will be addressed in the study of sociology? (Please Answer) </li></ul>
  2. 3. What is studied in sociology? <ul><li>Given the list of topics that may be studied in sociology, what questions might be asked about these topics? </li></ul><ul><li>YOUR TASK: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In groups, create a list of questions that may be asked about your topic in relation to the study of sociology? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. What is Sociology? <ul><li>Sociology – the study of groups—how they are formed and how they change—and with the actions of individuals within these groups </li></ul><ul><li>Groups – can range from individual family to an entire society </li></ul><ul><li>Social Structure – the patterned interaction of people in social relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Categories of people will interact in the same patterned way or relationship regardless of time or location </li></ul>
  4. 5. When studying groups, sociologists are attempting to answer 4 basic questions: <ul><li>How much of human behavior is inherited? </li></ul><ul><li>How much of human behavior is learned? </li></ul><ul><li>How much is human behavior determined by the individual? </li></ul><ul><li>How much is human behavior determined by the group? </li></ul>
  5. 6. In the study of sociology, how is information gathered? <ul><li>Social facts are any social activity or situation that can be observed and measured. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of social facts could be: </li></ul><ul><li>attendance at sporting events, crime patterns, patterns of religious affiliation, marriage rates, unemployment and underemployment rates, patterns of educational level reached </li></ul>
  6. 7. Conformity <ul><li>What is conformity? </li></ul><ul><li>acting according to certain accepted standards </li></ul>
  7. 8. Conformity <ul><li>Why do people conform? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional response, such as joy or fear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceptance into group </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared values with group </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Sociology and Conformity <ul><li>How understanding conformity contribute to the study of sociology? </li></ul>
  9. 10. Sociological Assumptions <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People do not make decisions in isolation rather they value the attitudes of the group </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People base decisions on the norms and values of groups </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People will conform to match group behavior. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 11. What is the purpose of studying sociology? <ul><li>How does group behavior influence individual behavior , or cause an individual to conform? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the group change behavior over time? </li></ul><ul><li>How can the group be used to change or influence individual behavior? </li></ul><ul><li>How do events effect individual’s daily lives? </li></ul><ul><li>How do events and group behavior help a person make decisions about his/her own life? </li></ul>
  11. 12. Theoretical Perspectives <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical perspective a set of assumptions accepted as true, or an area of study </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The way you interpret and understand the meaning of an image or event </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In sociology, theoretical perspectives are assumptions on how society should be studied </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Functionalism <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Family, economy and religion are “parts” of a society and each contributes to other “parts” of society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does theory explain change in society? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A change in one part of society can lead to change in another part of society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society tends to return to a state of stability after some upheaval has occurred </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Conflict Perspective
  14. 15. Symbolic Interactionism <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the approach that focuses on the interactions among people based on mutually understood symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does theory explain change in society? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolic Interactionism Assumption #1 we learn the meaning of a symbol from the way we see others reacting to it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolic Interactionism Assumption #2 we base our behavior or interaction based on the meanings of symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolic Interactionism Assumption #3 we use the meanings of symbols to imagine how others will respond to our behavior </li></ul></ul>

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