The Arab Spring

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The Arab Spring

  1. 1. MBA ADVANCE 2010-2011<br />Business English Oral Project: Simone Nastasi<br />
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS <br />DEFINITION OF ARAB SPRING<br />ANALYSIS OF SELECTED COUNTRIES<br />- Policy<br />- Economic <br />CONCLUSION (WHAT COMES NEXT ?)<br />
  3. 3. WHAT’S THE ARAB SPRING?<br />A revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests that have been taking place in the Arab world since 18 December of 2010.<br />
  4. 4. COUNTRIES INVOLVED<br />Mauritania, West Sahara, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia,Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Yemen. <br />
  5. 5. COUNTRIES ANALYZED<br />Tunisia (Revolution)<br />Egypt (Revolution)<br />Libya (Ongoing war)<br />
  6. 6. TUNISIAWhat’s happened?<br />Uprisings started on december 2010.<br />CAUSES:<br />High unemployment, food price inflation, corruption, lack of freedom of speech, poor living conditions.<br /> EFFECTS:<br />Ouster of president Ben Ali<br />Election to a costitutional assembly <br />
  7. 7. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF REVOLUTION(TUNISIA)<br />Tourists arrivals down of 40% in April<br />Higher food prices<br />Declining of consumer confidence <br />Industrial production down 11% <br />GDP growth expected of 1% in 2011 less than 3,5% over the last year <br />
  8. 8. GDP per Capita TUNISIA<br />
  9. 9. EGYPT What’s happened? <br />Uprisings started on 25 January 2011<br />CAUSES :<br />High unemployment,food inflaction, corruption,electoral fraud,low minimun wages,State emergency law<br />POLITICAL EFFECTS:<br />Overthrow of Mubarak’s regime <br />
  10. 10. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF REVOLUTION (EGYPT)<br />Tourists arrival down of 80% in April <br />Industrial production down of 24%<br />Inflation rate at 12% <br />Food price up by over 20%<br />GDP growth expected of 1% less 5% than over the last year<br />
  11. 11. GDP EGYPT<br />
  12. 12. LIBYAWhat’s happened ?<br /><ul><li>Uprisingsstarted on February 2011
  13. 13. CAUSES:
  14. 14. High unemployment (30%), censorship and tight controlof information
  15. 15. Inequalitiesbetweenethnicgroups</li></ul>EFFECTS :<br /><ul><li>Civil war ongoing
  16. 16. UnitedNation Security CouncilResolution 1973
  17. 17. Embargo on trade and armssalesbyEuropeanCouncil
  18. 18. Militaryinterventionof the Coalition (OdisseyDawn)</li></li></ul><li>EthnicalMap (LIBYA)<br />
  19. 19. WHY A WAR IN LYBIA? <br />To exclude Chinese interests in North Africa (geopolitical standpoint)<br />To control oil production (trade standpoint)<br />To eliminate Muammar Ghadafi (historical standpoint) <br />To implement the democracy (political standpoint)<br />
  20. 20. CHINESE INDUSTRIAL ZONES<br />
  21. 21. ECONOMIC FREEDOM IN LIBYA<br />
  22. 22. ECONOMIC IMPACT IN OIL PRICE (table 1)(Crude Oil – Monthly price ) *source indexmundi.com<br />
  23. 23. WORLD IMPACT OF OIL PRICE SHOCK <br />
  24. 24. OIL RESERVE IN AFRICA<br />
  25. 25. Wheredoes go the libyan oil?<br />
  26. 26. ECONOMIC IMPACTS AROUND THE WORLD<br />Paralysis of Libyan Sovereign Funds’ investment in EU and USA countries <br />Hikes of oil price (table 1)<br />Hikes of global food prices (table 2)<br />Loss of investment in Italy <br />
  27. 27. ECONOMIC IMPACT IN WHEAT PRICE (table 2)(Wheat – monthly price)*source indexmundi.com<br />
  28. 28. ECONOMIC IMPACT IN MAINZ PRICE (table 3)*source indexmundi.com<br />
  29. 29. OIL IMPORTATIONS FROM LIBYA<br />
  30. 30. WHAT ABOUT ITALY ?<br />
  31. 31. WHAT THE WAR’S IMPACTS ON ITALY?<br />Termination of Treaty of Friendship signed in 2008<br />Termination of trade relations <br />Decrease in oil supply <br />Withdrawal of shares by Lybian Sovereign Fund in Italian companies <br />
  32. 32. ITALY DEPENDS FROM LYBIA OIL<br />
  33. 33. LYBIAN SHARES IN ITALIAN COMPANIES<br />
  34. 34. WHAT COMES NEXT ? <br />Political uncertainity <br />Geopolitical instability (Anarchy)<br />Islamization <br />Shortage in the oil’ supply<br />Hikes of oil’s price<br />Who will rule the country?<br />
  35. 35. THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION <br />

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