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Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01
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Neurology 111227084027-phpapp01

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I leave an excellent material, as well as ami hope, will serve to yield many exams and to learn also

I leave an excellent material, as well as ami hope, will serve to yield many exams and to learn also

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  • 1. Is a chronic disease characterized by one or several neurological disorders that leaves a predisposition in the brain to generate recurrent seizures, which often results in consequences neurobiological, cognitive and psychological. NEUROLOGY
  • 2. SYMPTOMS Involuntary contractions of muscle groups Shaking hands with involuntary movements Possible tongue biting abundant salivation TREATMENT Was based on the use of non-specific depressant of the nervous system Currently there have been a number of new antiepileptic drugs that try to increase treatment efficacy and reduce side effects. NEUROLOGY
  • 3. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, a serious brain disorder that impacts daily living through memory loss and cognitive changes. NEUROLOGY
  • 4. SYMPTOMS At first, there are small and subtle memory loss, but over time, this deficiency is becoming more noticeable. and disabling for the individual who will have trouble performing everyday tasks and simple, and also other more intellectual, such as speaking, understanding, reading, or writing. TREATMENT At present, there is no cure for Alzheimer's disease. However, there are medications that can help control your symptoms There are four drugs used, called cholinesterase inhibitors Cholinesterase inhibitors slow the metabolic degradation of acetylcholine NEUROLOGY
  • 5. Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative process of the motor pathways that exert an important influence on spinal motor circuits, the brain stem and cerebellum. SYMPTOMS medications ;to be effective, medication should be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. TREATMENT NEUROLOGY
  • 6. Is a neurodegenerative genetic disorder that affects muscle coordination and leads to cognitive decline and dementia.  The disease is caused by an autosomal dominant mutation. It is much more common in people of Western European descent than in those of Asian or African ancestry. NEUROLOGY
  • 7. SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS Quick, sudden jerking movements of the arms, legs, face and other body parts impatience Irritability Psychosis Changes in language Disorientation or confusion Loss of memory NEUROLOGY
  • 8. There is no cure for Huntington's disease.  treatment is to reduce symptoms and help people to fend for themselves for as long and as comfortably as possible. NEUROLOGY TREATMENT
  • 9. It is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system) Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects more women than men. The disorder is most commonly diagnosed between 20 and 40 years of age NEUROLOGY
  • 10. Loss of balance Muscle spasms Problems with walking Double vision uncontrollable rapid eye movements NEUROLOGY SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS
  • 11. There is no known cure for multiple sclerosis at the time, but there are therapies that can slow the progression of the disease. The important thing is to control symptoms and help maintain a normal quality of life. NEUROLOGY TREATMENT
  • 12. Refers to any brain abnormality, the product of a pathological process that compromises the blood vessels. NEUROLOGY
  • 13. Motor deficit. Sensory deficit Dizziness Headache ataxia, incoordinación, temblor Nausea and vomiting NEUROLOGY SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS
  • 14. Cerebrovascular disease has no cure. Possible treatments include hospital care, medicines, transcatheter interventions, surgery and rehabilitation. NEUROLOGY TREATMENT
  • 15. NEUROLOGY
  • 16. Refers to imaging by sections or sectioning, through the use of any kind of penetrating wave. A device used in tomography is called a TOMOGRAPH. The image produced is a TOMOGRAM. NEUROLOGY
  • 17. Tomograms are derived using several different physical phenomena listed. X-rays Gamma rays Radio- frequency waves Electron- positron annihilation Electrons Ions NEUROLOGY
  • 18. Is a procedure that uses a special dye (contrast material) and x- rays to see how blood flows through the brain. NEUROLOGY
  • 19. Is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to visualize detailed internal structures. NEUROLOGY
  • 20. One advantage of an MRI scan is that it is harmless to the patient. In clinical practice, MRI is used to distinguish pathologic tissue (such as a brain tumor) from normal tissue. NEUROLOGY
  • 21. Is performed in order to collect a sample of cerebrospinal fluid(CSF) for: Biochemical, microbiological, and cytological analysis. Very rarely as a treatment ("therapeutic lumbar puncture") to relieve increased intracranial pressure. NEUROLOGY
  • 22. Is the removal of a small piece of brain tissue for the diagnosis of abnormalities of the brain NEUROLOGY
  • 23. It is used to diagnose: Alzheimer' s disease Tumors InfectionInflammation Other brain disorders NEUROLOGY
  • 24. A 35 year old white female she had noticed some significant changes in neurologic functions heat intolerance precipitating a stumbling gait and a tendency to fall visual acuity change periodically NEUROLOGY She got sick with a flu and her neurologic condition worsened.
  • 25. the patient abruptly developed a right hemisensory deficit after several days of work The MRI scan was performed at that time and revealed a multifocal white matter disease - areas of increased T2 signal in both cerebral hemispheres. NEUROLOGY
  • 26. FAMILY HISTORY PERSONAL HISTORY • high blood pressure • cancer • heart disease • anemia and allergies • had a tubal ligation. • mild vibratory sense loss in the distal lower extremities NEUROLOGIC EXAMINATION Diagnosis: Multiple Sclerosis NEUROLOGY
  • 27. PATIENT : 33 Years old / female who was well until 2 years ago when she noticed an onset of numbness in the left arm She was able to walk normally but a few weeks later developed a relapse of neurologic dysfunction NEUROLOGY
  • 28. How many possible demyelinating lesions could be suspected in this patient based upon the clinical history? At least 4 areas of the CNS may be involved: •abnormal vision with blind spots •optic pallor •diplopia NEUROLOGY
  • 29. What is the most likely location of the demyelinating lesion that is causing these problems in the patient? Spinal cord, around T4-T5 Which 2 major neurological systems (or tracts) are quite apparently affected in this patient? A. pyramidal system B. dorsal columns- medial lemniscus system NEUROLOGY
  • 30. IN CONCLUSION , WHAT’S THE MEDICAL DIAGNOSIS FOR THIS PATIENT ? NEUROLOGY
  • 31. NEUROLOGY

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