Epilepsy Presentation, Myeshi Briley

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Myeshi Briley and Epilepsy Presentation

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Epilepsy Presentation, Myeshi Briley

  1. 1. (Myeshi Briley) ( Education Presenter for Epilepsy Foundation ) (2010) EPILEPSY An estimated 350,000 African Americans have epilepsy
  2. 2. What Is Epilepsy? <ul><li>Epilepsy is characterized by a person having two or more unprovoked seizures. </li></ul><ul><li>Epilepsy is also known as a </li></ul><ul><li>“ seizure disorder.” </li></ul><ul><li>Epilepsy is the most common </li></ul><ul><li>neurological disorder in the world. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Are Seizures? <ul><li>The majority of seizures are either convulsions or brief alterations of consciousness during which movements are vague, non-threatening, and random. </li></ul><ul><li>In rare cases, a seizure will take the form of screaming, running, and flailing movements that are random and reflective, which are not directed at anyone or anything. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What Does Epilepsy Look Like? <ul><li>There are over 20 different types of seizures. </li></ul><ul><li>Each “seizure type” has its own unique characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>A person with epilepsy may have more than one “seizure type.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Seizure Types <ul><li>Generalized Seizures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve the whole brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common types include absence and tonic-clonic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms may include convulsions, staring, muscle spasms and falls </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partial Seizures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involve only part of the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common types include simple partial and complex partial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms relate to the part of the brain affected </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>An estimated 3 million Americans suffer from epilepsy-related seizures. </li></ul>Epilepsy Is More Common Than You Might Think
  7. 7. Who Has Epilepsy? <ul><li>In the U.S. that translates to… </li></ul><ul><li>326,000 children under age 14 </li></ul><ul><li>570,000 seniors </li></ul><ul><li>200,000 new cases per year </li></ul>An estimated 350,000 African Americans have epilepsy 1 out of 10 people will have a seizure in their lifetime . 1 out of 100 people have epilepsy .
  8. 8. <ul><li>Epilepsy is NOT … </li></ul><ul><li>contagious. </li></ul><ul><li>a mental illness. </li></ul><ul><li>demonic possession. </li></ul><ul><li>a type of mental retardation. </li></ul><ul><li>a sign of low intelligence. </li></ul>Let’s Get Rid of Misconceptions!
  9. 9. More Myths About Epilepsy <ul><li>In a nationwide survey of youth — </li></ul><ul><li>Most believed that people die from seizures. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost half thought that seizures might be contagious. </li></ul><ul><li>The majority believed that epilepsy is or might be a mental illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Many teens were not sure if people with epilepsy attended regular classes. </li></ul>
  10. 10. How Do You Get Epilepsy? Known Causes: head trauma, brain infection, stroke, drug/alcohol, Alzheimer’s disease, tumors, toxins, birth trauma. Idiopathic: no clear cause but believed to arise from combination of genetics & environment. 70% 30%
  11. 11. Seizure Triggers… MISSED MEDICATION Anti-epileptic drugs must be maintained at proper levels in order to be effective!
  12. 12. Seizure Triggers… Stress, anger, anxiety Overstimulation, excitement Fatigue , lack of sleep Hormonal Alcohol, drug abuse
  13. 13. Seizure Triggers… Heat, dehydration Illness Hyperventilation Extreme heat or cold Flashing or flickering light
  14. 14. Other Clues to a Seizure <ul><li>Previously normal behavior followed by a sudden onset of erratic movements, sounds or jerking </li></ul><ul><li>MedAlert bracelet or necklace present </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-epileptic medication found on person </li></ul><ul><li>Bystanders who are aware of person’s seizure history </li></ul><ul><li>Patient announced that he was experiencing an aura (warning) </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Stay calm and track time </li></ul><ul><li>Do not restrain the person, but help them avoid hazards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect head, remove glasses, loosen tight neckwear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move anything hard or sharp out of the way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn person on one side, position mouth to ground </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Check for epilepsy or seizure disorder ID </li></ul><ul><li>Understand that verbal instructions may not be obeyed </li></ul><ul><li>Stay until person is fully aware and help reorient them </li></ul><ul><li>Call ambulance if seizure lasts more than 5 minutes or if it is unknown whether the person has had prior seizures </li></ul>What If Someone Has a Seizure?
  16. 16. <ul><li>DO NOT </li></ul><ul><li>Put anything in the person’s mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Try to hold down or restrain the person </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt to give oral anti-seizure medication </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the person on their back face up throughout convulsion </li></ul>Potentially Dangerous Responses to Seizures
  17. 17. We can all help in the fight for epilepsy awareness in the African American community!
  18. 18. (Myeshi Briley) [email_address] www.epilepsyfoundation.org/knowthedifference

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